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Leading with a cool head and a warm heart: trait-based leadership resources linked to task performance, perceived stress, and work engagement
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. (LINA)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8562-5610
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund (SWE). (LINA)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0629-353X
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. (LINA)
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2023 (English)In: Current Psychology, ISSN 1046-1310, E-ISSN 1936-4733, Vol. 42, p. 299559-29580Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Leaders of today need to achieve well in terms of task performance, perceiving low stress, and having high levels of work engagement. One may ask whether trait-based leadership resource factors can be identified and how such resource factors might relate to task performance, perceived stress, and work engagement. Our aim was to test the hypothesis, derived from Hobfoll’s motivational Conservation of Resources (COR) theory, that there are trait-based leadership resource factors, which are differentially correlated to the leaders’ task performance, perceived stress, and work engagement. Leaders (N = 344) aged from 23 to 65 years (M = 49, SD = 8.6; 58% women) completed an online questionnaire including measures of task performance, perceived stress, work engagement, personality traits, trait emotional intelligence, empathy, performance-related self-esteem, compassionate and rational leadership competence, and coping resources for stress. Using exploratory factor analysis, we identified four trait-based leadership resource factors. With Bonferroni adjustment, and controlling for sex, age, number of years in the current managerial position, self-deceptive enhancement, and impression management, only Rational Mastery was significantly positively correlated with task performance. Rational Mastery, Efficient Coping, and Modesty were negatively correlated with perceived stress, and all factors except Modesty, but including the fourth (Good-Heartedness) were positively correlated with work engagement. Organizations striving for sustainable work conditions should support trait-based leadership, which depends not only on a task-oriented resource such as rational mastery, but also on human-oriented resources such as efficient coping, modesty, and good-heartedness, all of them being differentially related to task performance, perceived stress, and work engagement.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2023. Vol. 42, p. 299559-29580
Keywords [en]
Successful leadership · Trait emotional intelligence · Personality · Coping resources for stress · Empathy and compassion · Socially desirable responding
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-19437DOI: 10.1007/s12144-022-03767-8ISI: 000886186300002PubMedID: 36468165Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85142368711OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-19437DiVA, id: diva2:1721709
Note

 Municipal Academy West (100127) provided funding for material preparation, data collection and data management, and University West (LINA 100314) for preparation of this article.

 This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License,

Available from: 2022-12-22 Created: 2022-12-22 Last updated: 2024-03-21

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Dåderman, Anna MariaKajonius, PetriHallberg, Angela

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