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Extraction from Relative Clauses in Icelandic and Swedish: A Parallel Investigation
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
2022 (English)In: Languages, E-ISSN 2226-471X, Vol. 7, no 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Extraction from relative clauses is generally taken to be unacceptable in Icelandic, unlike in the Mainland Scandinavian languages. Recent studies on Mainland Scandinavian show that the type of dependency as well as the embedding predicate matters for the acceptability of such extractions, and the study of spontaneously produced examples has improved our ability to create felicitous extraction contexts. The studies of Icelandic extraction predate these findings, and there is to date no study which systematically compares parallel sentences in Icelandic and Mainland Scandinavian. This article presents such a study, using two acceptability judgment experiments, one in Icelandic and one in Swedish, drawing on newly gained insights about fronting conditions in the two languages to create plausible contexts. The Icelandic participants rated extraction from relative clauses as unnatural, with a very large acceptability cost compared to in situ versions and good fillers. Extraction from ao-clauses received mixed ratings, and local fronting was rated on a par with the in situ versions. In Swedish, extraction from relative clauses was rated as natural a majority of the time. There was no extraction cost in local fronting, extraction from att-clauses, or extraction from relative clauses in existential sentences, while extraction with other embedding predicates incurred some cost. No differences relating to the embedding predicate were seen in Icelandic. The study corroborates the view that extraction from relative clauses is unacceptable in Icelandic.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2022. Vol. 7, no 3
Keywords [en]
A-bar movement; extraction; Icelandic; island phenomena; relative clauses; Scandinavian; Swedish; syntactic dependencies
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-19303DOI: 10.3390/languages7030163ISI: 000859562400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85131062443OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-19303DiVA, id: diva2:1707068
Available from: 2022-10-28 Created: 2022-10-28 Last updated: 2022-10-28

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Lindahl, Filippa

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