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“The Most Exotic was the Owner of the Pizzeria”: Exploring the Relationship between Subjective Diversity and Ethnic identity
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. (BUV)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2901-0187
Psychology Department, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, (USA).
2023 (English)In: Identity. An International Journal of Theory and Research, ISSN 1528-3488, E-ISSN 1532-706X, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 109-125Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the present study was to examine how Swedish youth a) experience diversity and b) link those diversity experiences to their identities. Using a mixed-method approach, we coded written narratives for type of diversity experience, meaning-making, and analyzed qualitative differences due to the proximity of the setting and self-defined in- and outgroups. Out of 197 participants (age 15-29), 63 (31.5%) wrote about diversity in their narratives, and of those, 55 (87%) derived meaning about themselves or others. Qualitative differences were found between participants who self-identified with a majority, minority, or mixed ethnic identities. Youth who identified with a majority identity generally experienced being in the majority in the macro-setting while a lack of diversity in their micro-settings, and mainly derived meanings related to the ethnic identities of others. Youth who identified with minority or mixed ethnic identities, experienced being the minority in both micro- and macro-settings, and mainly derived meanings related to their own ethnic identity, such as enhanced identities or issues of belongingness. Results suggest that experiences of diversity trigger ethnic identity development, however, in a segregated society with unequal opportunities and power relations, those experiences and how they inform ethnic identity significantly vary significantly due to background.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023. Vol. 23, no 2, p. 109-125
Keywords [en]
Ethnic identity; subjective ethnic diversity; mixed-method approach; narratives; meaning making
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-18383DOI: 10.1080/15283488.2022.2059663ISI: 000788541400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85132671063OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-18383DiVA, id: diva2:1661960
Note

Preparation of this manuscript was supported by an Innovative Small Grant from the Society for Research on Adolescence, a University of Minnesota Grant-in-Aid, and a University of Minnesota Grand Challenges Research Grant, all awarded to Moin Syed.

Available from: 2022-05-30 Created: 2022-05-30 Last updated: 2024-04-11Bibliographically approved

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