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Swedish managers' experience-based understanding of the Capacity to work in employees with Common Mental Disorders: a Focus Group Study.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. (LOV, LINA)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2358-5086
Insurance Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
Department of Health and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Division of Education and Sociology, Linköping University, Linköping (SWE).
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2022 (English)In: Journal of occupational rehabilitation, ISSN 1053-0487, E-ISSN 1573-3688, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 685-696Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: Understanding of the capacity to work among employees with common mental disorders (CMDs) is important, but contemporary knowledge on this issue lacks the managers' perspective. The aim of this study was to explore and describe managers' experience-based understanding of capacity to work in employees with CMD.

METHODS: A qualitative focus group study was designed. Managers with experience in supporting employees with CMD were recruited via organizations and networks. Eight focus group interviews with 31 participants took place.

RESULTS: The analysis resulted in five categories. (1) Capacity to mentally focus on work tasks decreases or disappears, with negative consequences for work output. (2) Capacity to commit to continuous and coherent task changes, making tasks that span longer periods of time difficult. (3) Capacity to independently adapt to the needs of the situation decreases, and employees need more guidance and instructions than usual. (4) Capacity to keep up professional appearances is reduced, and the employees struggle with the professional role. (5) Ability to interact socially and professionally decreases, which potentially causes conflicts at the workplace.

CONCLUSIONS: This study adds managers' perspective to the increasing knowledge on how capacity to work is influenced by CMDs. Managers understand CMDs in employees as changed, reducing the capacities needed for occupational functioning. A deeper understanding of reduced capacity to work is needed to adapt workplaces, and our findings can facilitate work accommodations for employees with CMDs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 32, no 4, p. 685-696
Keywords [en]
Focus groups, Occupational health, Psychiatry, Qualitative research, Work performance
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Work Sciences
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning; NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-18224DOI: 10.1007/s10926-022-10029-8ISI: 000764588300001PubMedID: 35246799Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85125656957OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-18224DiVA, id: diva2:1647993
Funder
Afa Sjukförsäkringsaktiebolag, 150378Available from: 2022-03-29 Created: 2022-03-29 Last updated: 2023-03-09

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Tengelin, Ellinor

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