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Conduction mode laser welding with beam shaping using a deformable mirror
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8018-6145
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing. (PTW)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2475-9284
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems. (PTW)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5734-294X
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Welding Technology. (PTW)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2535-8132
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2022 (English)In: Optics and Laser Technology, ISSN 0030-3992, E-ISSN 1879-2545, Vol. 148Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores the possibility of tailoring the fusion zone in conduction mode laser welding using a deformable mirror for beam shaping of multi-kilowatt continuous wave laser sources. Three power density distributions were shaped and used in bead on plate welding of Ti64 plates in conduction mode at three travel speeds. The effect on melt pool free surface geometry, cross section, microstructure and hardness profiles was measured and studied. It is shown that the geometry of the melt pool can be modified using a deformable mirror. A narrower and longer melt pool or a wider, shorter and shallower one were indeed obtained forming Gaussian-elliptical power density distributions oriented along and transverse to the travel direction, respectively. The latter distribution could be a favourable option for laser beam additive manufacturing as it could improve process efficiency while reducing remelting of the previous layer. This system has also a promising potential for adaptive process control since it could change fundamentally the beam shape at a rate faster than 10 ms. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2022. Vol. 148
Keywords [en]
Adaptive control systems; Continuous wave lasers; Deformation; Gaussian beams; Lakes; Laser beam welding; Laser beams; Laser mirrors; Microstructure, Beam-shaping; Conduction mode; Conduction mode laser welding; Conduction mode welding; Deformable mirrors; Fusion zone geometry; Fusion zones; Melt pool; Melt pool geometry; Power density distributions, Geometry
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Production Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-17945DOI: 10.1016/j.optlastec.2021.107718ISI: 000788245300001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85120819958OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-17945DiVA, id: diva2:1642670
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20170315Available from: 2022-03-07 Created: 2022-03-07 Last updated: 2024-04-12

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Optics and Laser Technology(9721 kB)169 downloads
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Mi, YongcuiMahade, SatyapalSikström, FredrikChoquet, IsabelleJoshi, Shrikant V.Ancona, Antonio

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Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology

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