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Changes in Adolescents’ Psychosocial Functioning and Well-Being as a Consequence of Long-Term COVID-19 Restrictions
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. (LOV; BUV)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8854-0399
AGERA KBT AB,Gothenburg (SWE).
High Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques, Errachidia ( MAR); Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tetouan (MAR); Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Moulay Ismail University, Errachidia (MAR) .
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tetouan(MAR).
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2021 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, no 16, article id 8755Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This work studied self-reports from adolescents on how the COVID-19 pandemic has changed their behaviors, relationships, mood, and victimization. Data collection was conducted between September 2020 and February 2021 in five countries (Sweden, the USA, Serbia, Morocco, and Vietnam). In total, 5114 high school students (aged 15 to 19 years, 61.8% females) responded to our electronic survey. A substantial proportion of students reported decreased time being outside (41.7%), meeting friends in real life (59.4%), and school performance (30.7%), while reporting increased time to do things they did not have time for before (49.3%) and using social media to stay connected (44.9%). One third of the adolescents increased exercise and felt that they have more control over their life. Only a small proportion of adolescents reported substance use, norm-breaking behaviors, or victimization. The overall COVID-19 impact on adolescent life was gender-specific: we found a stronger negative impact on female students. The results indicated that the majority of adolescents could adapt to the dramatic changes in their environment. However, healthcare institutions, municipalities, schools, and social services could benefit from the findings of this study in their work to meet the needs of those young people who signaled worsened psychosocial functioning, increased stress, and victimization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2021. Vol. 18, no 16, article id 8755
Keywords [en]
adolescents; COVID-19; exercise; gender; mental health; norm-breaking behaviors; psychosocial functioning; substance use; stress; victimization
National Category
Psychiatry Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science; Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-17451DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18168755ISI: 000690641100001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85113142114OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-17451DiVA, id: diva2:1604037
Available from: 2021-10-18 Created: 2021-10-18 Last updated: 2022-04-04

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Kerekes, NoraErlandsson, MariaHedman Ahlström, Britt

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