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Estimation of kidney function in patients with primary neuromuscular diseases: is serum cystatin C a better marker of kidney function than creatinine?
Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala,(SWE).
Neuromuscular Center/Department of Neurology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, (SWE).
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
Department of Clinical Chemistry, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, (SWE).
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2021 (English)In: JN. Journal of Nephrology, ISSN 1121-8428, E-ISSN 1724-6059, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 493-503Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Using serum creatinine leads to an overestimation of kidney function in patients with primary neuromuscular disorders, and reduced kidney function may remain undetected. Cystatin C (CysC) could provide a better estimation.

AIM: To evaluate the precision, accuracy, and bias of two creatinine-, one cystatin C-based and one combined equation to estimate glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with primary neuromuscular disease.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of the 418 patients initially identified at the out-patient clinic, data on kidney function was obtained for 145 adult patients (age 46 ± 14 years, BMI 26 ± 6 kg/m2) with primary neuromuscular disease. Kidney function was measured by iohexol clearance, and blood samples for serum creatinine and CysC were drawn simultaneously. Bias was defined as the mean difference between eGFR and measured iohexol clearance, and accuracy as the proportion of eGFRs within ± 10% (P10) of measured clearance.

RESULTS: Kidney function (iohexol clearance) was 81 ± 19 (38-134) ml/min/1.73m2. All equations overestimated kidney function by 22-60 ml/min/1.73m2. eGFR CysC had the lowest bias overall 22 (95% CI 20-26) ml/min/1.73m2 also at all levels of kidney function we evaluated (at 30-59 ml/min/1.73m2 bias was 27 (95% CI 21-35), at 60-89 it was 25 (95% CI 20-28) and at ≥ 90 it was 12 (95% CI 7-22)). eGFR CysC also had the best accuracy in patients with reduced kidney function (P10 was 5.9% at 30-59 ml/min/1.73m2).

CONCLUSIONS: Cystatin C-based estimations of kidney function performed better than creatinine-based ones in patients with primary neuromuscular disease, but most importantly, all evaluated equations overestimated kidney function, especially in patients with reduced kidney function. Therefore, kidney function should be measured by gold-standard methods when precision and accuracy are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. Vol. 35, no 2, p. 493-503
Keywords [en]
Creatinine, Cystatin C, Estimated GFR, Iohexol clearance, Muscle mass, Neuromuscular disease
National Category
Urology and Nephrology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-17360DOI: 10.1007/s40620-021-01122-xISI: 000681522500001PubMedID: 34351595Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85111923691OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-17360DiVA, id: diva2:1587644
Note

Open access funding provided by Uppsala University. This study was supported by grants from the Muscular Foundation Western Sweden, the Wennerström Foundation and Gothenburg Medical Society.

Available from: 2021-08-25 Created: 2021-08-25 Last updated: 2022-11-17

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Johannesson, Elias

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