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Evolutionary benefits of personality traits when facing workplace bullying
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. (LINA)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8562-5610
Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland.
2021 (English)In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 177, article id 110849Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Facing workplace bullying negatively affects physical and mental health, and consequently quality of life and well-being. Personality traits that can help an individual survive and reproduce entail more benefits than costs. Building on  two evolutionary theories, Life History Theory and Costly Signaling Theory, this study aims to provide novel insights into how and why personality traits are associated with facing workplace bullying and health-related quality of life. A heterogeneous group of 324 employees in Sweden provided data on workplace bullying, perceived health-related quality of life, and personality traits, controlling for sex and age. We found that openness (HEXACO model) and Machiavellianism (Dark Triad model) served as moderators. Employees with high values of  these traits experienced significantly less affected health-related quality of  life  when facing workplace bullying. Our results indicate evolutionary origins of the personality traits openness and Machia-vellianism. A new finding is that possessing, exhibiting, and maintaining traits reflecting a more creative and competitive interpersonal style increases an employee’s ability to survive aversive environments.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021. Vol. 177, article id 110849
Keywords [en]
Quality of life, Occupational health, Evolutionary psychology theory, Workplace bullying, HEXACO, Dark Triad
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-16963DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2021.110849ISI: 000641349000005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85103019213OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-16963DiVA, id: diva2:1583843
Available from: 2021-08-10 Created: 2021-08-10 Last updated: 2023-01-25Bibliographically approved

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Dåderman, Anna Maria

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CiteExportLink to record
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