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Har en arbetssökande med uttalad ADHD svårare att fåarbete?: En randomiserad experimentell design avseende sambandetmellan ADHD och anställningsbarhet
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Does an individual with pronounced ADHD find it more difficult to get employed? : A randomized experimental design regarding the connection between ADHD andemployability (English)
Abstract [sv]

Ungefär 3 % av Sveriges vuxna befolkning är diagnostiserade med Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Det finns fördomar kopplat till funktionsnedsättningen som exempelvis störande beteende och koncentrationssvårigheter. I föreliggande studie undersöktes om individer med ADHD har svårare att få arbete, än andra.

Hypoteserna för studien var: a) en arbetssökande som har uttalad ADHD i sitt personliga brev har svårare att få en anställning jämfört med andra som inte skriver ut ADHD, b) En arbetsgivare som tidigare haft en anställd med funktionsnedsättning anställer i högre grad en arbetssökande med uttalad ADHD, c) En arbetsgivare som har en hög välvillighet har positivare inställning till någon med uttalad ADHD.

En kvantitativ randomiserad experimentell design genomfördes. Den bestod av 58 respondenter som arbetade inom HR. Manipulationsgruppen bestod av 28 respondenter och kontrollgruppen 30 respondenter. Respondenterna svarade på ett personlighetstest, såg ett CV samt personligt brev av en fiktiv kandidat som sökte arbete samt besvarade frågor gällande deras uppfattning av kandidaten. Den experimentella manipulationen var att ADHD-diagnosen framgick som förklaring till den arbetssökandes beteende i manipulationsgruppens personliga brev, men inte i kontrollgruppens. I studien användes IBM SPSS statistics version 27 vid resultatanalysen. Med hjälp av variansanalyser och korrelationsanalys visade resultatet: a) det fanns en svag skillnad mellan grupperna (d = .14) men den var inte statistiskt signifikant (p = .65), b) det fanns ingen statistisk signifikant skillnad (p = .34), c) det fanns inget statistiskt signifikant samband (p = .66).

Trots studiens nollresultat är ämnet relevant då tidigare forskning visat på att det förekommer förutfattade meningar om individer med ADHD. För framtida forskning rekommenderas att det ska utföras mer omfattande studier inom området, med förslagsvis fler respondenter.

Abstract [en]

Approximately 3% of the adults in Sweden are diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). There are numerous stereotypes connected to the disability, like bothersome behavior and difficulties with concentration. This study examined whether individuals with ADHD have trouble getting employed, compared to others.

The hypotheses were as follows: a) an individual applying for a job will be denied when including the word “ADHD” in their cover letter, b) an employer with earlier experience of employing a person with a disability will more likely employ someone with ADHD, c) an employer with higher agreeableness will have a positive attitude towards someone with ADHD.

A quantitative and randomized experiment was conducted. It consisted of having participants working in the HR sector perform a personality test, examine cover letters and answer questions about a fictional candidate. The results are based on 58 participants, with 30 participants in the manipulation group and 28 in the control group. The manipulation meant having the word “ADHD” explain the candidate's behavior in their cover letter, while not including the word in the letter for the control group. The following results were concluded in IBM SPSS statistics version 27 using ANOVA and correlation analysis: a) there was a difference between groups (d = .14) but not statistically significant (p = .65), b) there was no statistically significant difference (p = .34), c) there was no statistically significant correlation (p = .66).

Even though the results were not statistically significant, the topic of this study remains relevant because of earlier research finding preconceptions about individuals with ADHD. For future research, it is recommended to conduct more comprehensive studies on the same topic and to include more participants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021.
Keywords [en]
ADHD, rekrytering, randomisering, kvantitativ metod, experimentell design, manipulation, personlighet, välvillighet, ADHD, recruitment, randomizing, quantitative method, experimental design, manipulation, personality, agreeableness
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-16668Local ID: EXM540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-16668DiVA, id: diva2:1580218
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-07-21 Created: 2021-07-13 Last updated: 2021-07-21Bibliographically approved

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