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Anknytningsförmåga hos skilsmässobarn: En litteraturstudie
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Attachment ability in children of divorced parents (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: I dagens samhälle ses en ökad statistik av antalet skilsmässor, vilket kan medföra negativa effekter hos barn. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva erfarenheter av hur barns anknytning påverkas när vårdnadshavare separerar under småbarnsåren. Metod: Studien baserades på en litteraturstudie där kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar inhämtades från databasen CINAHL. Vid analysprocessen utfördes granskning av insamlad data med utgångspunkt från Fribergs analysmodell i tre steg. Resultat: Med utgångspunkt från analysfasen skapades två kategorier, vikten av trygga relationer samt konsekvenser på kort och lång sikt. Kategorierna visade på olika faktorer som har påverkat barnet utifrån vårdnadshavarnas separation. Studiens resultat indikerade på vikten av en trygg bas och stabila relationer för ett långsiktigt välmående trots yttre påfrestningar. Konklusion: Anknytningen påverkades vid bristande kommunikation eller när den trygga basen hamnade i obalans. För att upprätthålla anknytningen vid skilsmässa var det viktigt att ta hänsyn till aspekter som innefattar trygghet. Barn vars vårdnadshavare som separerar i tidig ålder har utifrån den insamlade data visat svårigheter att i vuxen ålder våga ge tillit i nya relationer, samt en minskad självkänsla och rädsla för att misslyckas.

Abstract [en]

Background: In today's society, an increased statistic of divorces is seen, that may result in negative effects in children. Aim: The purpose of the study was to describe experiences of how children's attachment is affected when parents separate during the toddler years. Methods: The study was based on a literature review where qualitative and quantitative articles were obtained from the CINAHL database. During the analysis process, review of collected data was performed based on Friberg's analysis model in three steps. Results: Based on the analysis phase, two categories were created, the importance of secure relationships and short- and long-term consequences. The categories showed various factors that have affected the child based on the parental separation. The results of the study indicated the importance of a secure base and stable relationships for long-term wellbeing despite external stresses. Conclusion: The attachment was affected by lack of communication or when the secure base became unbalanced. To maintain the connection in the event of divorce, it was important to consider aspects that included safety and security. Based on the data collected, children, whose parents separated when the children were young, have shown having trust issues in new relationships in adulthood, as well as a having reduced self-esteem and fear of failure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
Attachment, caregiver, child, influence factors, relationship, secure base
Keywords [sv]
Anknytning, barn, påverkansfaktorer, relationer, trygg bas, vårdnadshavare
National Category
Social Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-16579Local ID: EVX500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-16579DiVA, id: diva2:1578583
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Socialpsykiatrisk vård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-07-20 Created: 2021-07-06 Last updated: 2021-07-20Bibliographically approved

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