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”Inget var viktigare än drogen”: En litteraturstudie om ungdomars erfarenheter av missbruk med samtidig kriminalitet
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
“Nothing was more important than the drug” : A literature review about adolescents experiences of substance abuse with co-occurring criminality (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Synen på narkotika har blivit mer liberal och frekvensen av substansbruk hos ungdomar har ökat. Ungdomar anser att narkotikaklassade preparat har blivit mer lättillgängliga. Ungdomsåren är en riskfaktor för både narkotikabruk och kriminalitet. Ungdomsbrottslighetens omfång har inte förändrats mycket sedan 70-talet, dock blir brotten allvarligare och vanligare i yngre ålder. Ungdomar är den mest brottsaktiva gruppen i samhället. Brottsligheten kan dock ofta ses som en övergående fas. 

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att beskriva ungdomars erfarenheter av att lida av ett missbruk med samtidig kriminalitet.

Metod: Studien är en litteraturöversikt. Datainsamlingen gjordes genom systematiska informationssökningar med bestämda inklusions- och exklusionskriterier. Analysmetoden som användes var Aveyards tematiska analysmodell. Nio artiklar ansågs ha ett relevant resultat som kunde besvara studiens syfte samt ha hög kvalitet. 

Resultat: Resultatet presenteras utifrån fyra teman och nio subteman. De fyra temana som framkom var ”Från nöje till problem”, ”Den sociala arenans dubbla roll”, ”Förändrat beteende och psykisk ohälsa” samt ”Vård- och rättssystemets komplexitet”. 

Slutsatser: Narkotikabruket gick från att bruka för nöjets skull till att problem skapades. Att bruka tyngre narkotika sker ofta i samband med brott i grupp och är ofta kopplat till grövre brottslighet. Det framkom att en trygg och säker miljö under uppväxten var en skyddsfaktor som minskade risken för narkotikabruk och kriminalitet i ungdomsåren.

Abstract [en]

Background: The view on drugs has become more liberal and the frequency of substance use among youth has increased. Adolescents also believe that illegal drugs are more easily accessible. The adolescent years are a risk factor for drug use and criminality. The extent of juvenile delinquency has not changed much since the 1970s, however, the crimes have become more serious and more common in younger ages. Adolescents are the most criminally active group in society. However, crime can often be seen as a transient phase.

Aim: The aim of this literature review is to describe adolescents experiences of substance abuse with co-occurring criminality.

Method: The method used in this study was a literature review. Data was collected through systematic information searches with specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. The method used to analyse the articles was Aveyard's thematic analysis model. Nine articles were considered to have a result that could answer the aim of the study and to be of high quality.

Findings: The results are presented based on four themes and nine sub-themes. The four themes that emerged were “From recreational use to problems”, “The dual role of the social arena”, “Changed behaviour and mental health” and “The complexity of the care- and justice system”.

Conclusion: The use of narcotics went from using for the sake of fun to creating problems. Heavier drugs were often associated with committing crimes in groups as well as committing more serious crimes. The importance of a safe and secure environment during childhood were a protective factor which could reduce the risk of drug use and criminality in adolescence. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 32
Keywords [en]
Adolescents, criminality, delinquency, dealing drugs, drugs, mental health, narcotics, substance abuse
Keywords [sv]
Droger, kriminalitet, missbruk, narkotika, narkotikaförsäljning, psykisk hälsa, ungdomar, ungdomsbrottslighet
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-16573Local ID: EVX500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-16573DiVA, id: diva2:1578509
Subject / course
Sociology
Educational program
Socialpsykiatrisk vård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-07-20 Created: 2021-07-06 Last updated: 2021-07-21Bibliographically approved

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