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Concept of a Novel Path Planning Strategy for Wire + Arc Additive Manufacturing of Bulky Parts : Pixel
Federal Institute of Maranhão, Department of Mechanic, Barra do Corda (BRA) ; Federal University of Uberlandia, Uberlândia ( BRA).
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Welding Technology. Federal University of Uberlandia, Center for Research and Development of Welding Processes, Uberlândia (BRA). (PTW)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1005-5895
2021 (English)In: Metals, E-ISSN 2075-4701, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 1-20, article id 498Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An innovative trajectory strategy was proposed and accessed for wire arc additive manufacturing (WAAM), applicable to different and more complex geometries, rather than being a single solution. This strategy, named Pixel, can be defined as a complex multitask procedure to carry out optimized path planning, whose operation is made through computational algorithms (heuristics), with accessible computational resources and tolerable computational time. The model layers are fractioned in squared grids, and a set of dots is systematically generated and distributed inside the sliced outlines, resembling pixels on a screen, over which the trajectory is planned. The Pixel strategy was based on creating trajectories from the technique travelling salesman problem (TSP). Unlike existing algorithms, the Pixel strategy uses an adapted greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (GRASP) metaheuristic, aided by four concurrent trajectory planning heuristics, developed by the authors. Interactions provide successive trajectories from randomized initial solutions (global search) and subsequent iterative improvements (local search). After all recurrent loops, a trajectory is defined and written in machine code. Computational evaluation was implemented to demonstrate the effectof each of the heuristics on the final trajectory. An experimental evaluation was eventually carried out using two different not easily printable shapes to demonstrate the practical feasibility of the proposed strategy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2021. Vol. 11, no 3, p. 1-20, article id 498
Keywords [en]
wire arc additive manufacturing (WAAM), trajectory planning, optimization heuristics, greedy randomized adaptive search procedure (GRASP), travelling salesman problem (TSP)
National Category
Robotics Control Engineering
Research subject
Production Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-16434DOI: 10.3390/met11030498ISI: 000633872200001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85102590765OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-16434DiVA, id: diva2:1544490
Note

Funding information:Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e TecnológicoGrant number 302863/2016-8

Available from: 2021-04-15 Created: 2021-04-15 Last updated: 2022-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Scotti, Americo

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