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Sjuksköterskans kunskapsbehov inför mötet med den palliativa patienten: En litteraturöversikt ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The nurses need for knowledge prior to the meeting with the palliative patient : a literature review from a nurse's perspective (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: Knowledge of how the nurse relates to the palliative patient and how the nurses hould respond to palliative care situations is the basis for equal and fair care. Attention was paid to the variation in the treatment of the nurses towards the patients. The observation raised the question of what is required for nurses to feel comfortable in their competence and treatment.

Aim: The purpose is to describe the nurse's knowledge in palliative care for the patient to receive a dignified ending.

Method: The method chosen is a literature review to describe the knowledge in the problem area. The motivation of the chosen method is governed by the purpose and issues we have chosen. Literature overview means creating an overview of a limited topic but also compiling existing knowledge within the subject. In our case, nurses need knowledge in palliative care. In a literature review both quantitative and qualitative articles are used.

Results: The results are divided into categories and subcategories and highlight that there is a need for knowledge in the nurse to feel confident in her professional profession in the care of palliative patients. The nurse's shortcomings can lead to the patient being cared for in palliative care not receiving a dignified death. The results address the desire for a palliative care course in nursing education and that attitudes are affected by the nurse's own feeling of fear and ignorance.

Conclusion: The results of the study show that the nurse does not have sufficient knowledge of palliative care, which affects the quality of nursing. Cooperation with colleagues and support for each other is important for care and for the nurse to feel secure in her professional role. There are negative feelings in the nurse with a lack of knowledge and experience, which can negatively affect the nursing, which can create suffering for the patient and affect the end of life. Attitudes are affected by lack of knowledge but can also affect the patient's suffering.

Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte var att beskriva sjuksköterskors kunskapsbehov inom palliativ vård på ett värdigt sätt. Studien undersökte hur sjuksköterskor upplevde sin kompetens i mötet med den palliativa patienten. Palliativa patienter innebar den patientgrupp som inte längre kunde behandlas mot sin sjukdom, och vårdas i livets slutskede. Studien beskrev det faktum att sjuksköterskan önskade mer kunskap innan de började att arbeta inom den palliativa vården, såväl erfarna sjuksköterskor som nyexaminerade. Resultatet visade på ett ökat kunskapsbehov hos sjuksköterskan inom den palliativa vården i både kunskap, inställning och erfarenheter. Det finns beskrivet hur den palliativa vården kunde bli mer jämlik, ändå saknades en obligatorisk palliativ kurs på många av de lärosäten i Sverige som erbjöd sjuksköterskeutbildning. I bakgrunden beskrevs det hur den palliativa vården skulle bedrivas, samt hur sjuksköterskan förväntades att agera i sin profession för att ge värdig vård i livets slutskede. Det behöves därför förkunskaper och förberedelser hos sjuksköterskan för att öka självkänslan och självsäkerheten inför vårdandet av patienter i livets slutskede, samt för att patienten skulle få ett värdigt avslut och döende. Metoden som valdes var en litteraturöversikt för att få en övergripande bild över både kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar för att upptäcka vad sjuksköterskors upplevelser var av kunskap inom valt ämne. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
Experiences, Knowledge, Nurse, Nursing, Palliative care
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-16356Local ID: EXO502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-16356DiVA, id: diva2:1531733
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-02-26 Created: 2021-02-26 Last updated: 2021-02-26Bibliographically approved

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