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"Det ger mig trygghet": En kvalitativ studie om svenska HBTQ-personers identitetsskapande och gemenskap på sociala medier
University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
"It Brings Me Security" : A Qualitative Study on Swedish LGBT Persons' Identity and Community on Social Media (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis was to qualitatively investigate how Swedish LGBTQ people navigate social media and how it affects them in their communities and creation of identity. The thesis findings draw from interviews with eleven persons aged 16 to 44 years. The data of the informants was analysed using a thematic model.  

The result showed that LGBTQ individuals have great benefit from social media on many different levels but also that they are inhibited on certain platforms for different reasons because of their LGBTQ identities. The benefit was in the area of two of our main themes of community and identity creation where the informants clearly expressed many feelings such as security, understanding, belonging and acceptance. But also that it benefits from the information they receive from the Internet at large but also from other LGBTQ people online. The theme of openness showed that the informants were selective with the openness of the Internet because of their LGBTQ identities and that for various reasons they kept their sexualities secret partly or entirely on separate platforms where they did not feel secure.  

The informants’ stories are largely in line with international research in the field and our informants' experiences could further be understood when they were confronted with these findings and theories in the field. The results of the study showed that the internet served as a haven for the informants and that through social media it had created a large network of contacts with other LGBTQ people both in Sweden and abroad. The conclusions that can be drawn are that social media serves a great purpose for LGBTQ people in Sweden and that through different platforms they are given the opportunity to express themselves and be paired with people in the same situations, which creates security for the informants. The conclusions we can draw are also that a large part of the informants suffer from minority stress due to or fear context collapse that they experience on different platforms.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att kvalitativt undersöka hur svenska HBTQ-personer navigerar sociala medier samt hur detta påverkar dem i sina identitetsskapanden. Studien gjordes med semistrukturerade intervjuer med elva personer i åldrarna 16 till 44 år, informanternas data analyserades genom en tematisk modell.

Resultatet visade att HBTQ-personer har stor nytta av sociala medier på många olika plan men även att de hämmas på vissa plattformar av olika anledningar på grund av sina HBTQ-identiteter. Nyttan låg inom två områden som var identitetsskapande och gemenskap där informanterna tydligt redovisade många känslor så som trygghet, förståelse, tillhörande och acceptans. Resultatet visade att informanterna har stor nytta av den information de får via internet i stort men även från andra HBTQ-personer online. Informanterna visades vara selektiva med öppenheten på internet på grund av sina HBTQ-identiteter och att informanterna av olika anledningar höll sina sexualiteter hemliga för delar eller hela omgivningen på separata plattformar där de inte kände sig trygga.

Informanternas berättelser ligger till stor del i linje med internationell forskning inom området och våra informanters upplevelser och tankar kunde vidare förstås när de ställdes mot dessa fynd och teorier från tidigare forskning inom området. Slutsatsen av studien visade att internet fungerade som en fristad för informanterna och att det genom sociala medier hade skapat sig ett stort kontaktnät med andra HBTQ-personer såväl i Sverige som utomlands. Slutsatserna som kan dras är att sociala medier tjänar ett stort syfte för HBTQ-personer i Sverige och att de genom olika plattformar får möjlighet att uttrycka sig samt prata med människor i samma situationer vilket skapar trygghet för informanterna. Slutsatserna vi kan dra är också att en stor del av informanterna lider av minoritetstress till följd av context collapse som de på olika plattformar upplever.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 59
Keywords [en]
LGBT, Social media, Context Collapse, community resilience
Keywords [sv]
HBTQ, sociala medier, context collapse, identitetsskapande, gemenskap
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15826Local ID: EXC509OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-15826DiVA, id: diva2:1468361
Subject / course
Informatics
Educational program
3D-animation
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-09-18 Created: 2020-09-17 Last updated: 2020-09-18Bibliographically approved

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