Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Children's Anxiety and Factors Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Exploratory Study Using the Children's Anxiety Questionnaire and the Numerical Rating Scale
UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu Medical School, Department of Nursing, Botucatu 18618-687, Brazil (BRA).
UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu Medical School, Department of Neurology, Botucatu 18618-687, Brazil (BRA).
UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu Medical School, Department of Nursing, Botucatu 18618-687, Brazil (BRA).
UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu Medical School, Department of Nursing, Botucatu 18618-687, Brazil (BRA).
Show others and affiliations
2020 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 16, article id E5757Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic on children's lives deserve attention. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of anxiety among Brazilian children and its associated factors during social distancing during COVID-19. We used a cross-sectional design with an online survey from April to May 2020 in Brazil. We included children aged 6-12 years and their guardians. The Children's Anxiety Questionnaire (CAQ; scores 4-12) and the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS; scores 0-10) were used to measure anxiety. We enrolled 157 girls and 132 boys, with a mean age of 8.84 (±2.05) years; 88.9% of respondents were mothers. Based on CAQ ≥ 9, the prevalence of anxiety was 19.4% (n = 56), and higher among children with parents with essential jobs and those who were social distancing without parents. In logistic regression, the following variables were associated with higher CAQ scores: social distancing without parents; more persons living together in home; and education level of guardians. Based on NRS > 7, the prevalence of anxiety was 21.8% (n = 63); however, no associations with NRS scores were found with the investigated variables. These findings suggest the necessity of implementing public health actions targeting these parents and their children at the population level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020. Vol. 17, no 16, article id E5757
Keywords [en]
Covid-19, anxiety, children, pandemic, social isolation
National Category
Nursing Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15702DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17165757ISI: 000565077600001PubMedID: 32784898Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85089407709OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-15702DiVA, id: diva2:1460698
Note

Funders: Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo[2019/05294-9/]

Available from: 2020-08-24 Created: 2020-08-24 Last updated: 2021-04-27Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Authority records

Berghammer, Malin

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Berghammer, Malin
By organisation
Section for nursing - graduate level
In the same journal
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
NursingPediatrics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 132 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf