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Vem följer restriktionerna? Hur personlighet predicerar  social distansering under COVID-19 pandemin Coronapandemin
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Who follows the restrictions? How personality predicts social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic (English)
Abstract [sv]

I mars 2020 konstaterade WHO att vi befinner oss i en global pandemi. För att bromsa smittspridningen av COVID-19 förväntas människor efterfölja de restriktioner som myndigheter och regeringar inför. Studien syftar till att ge insikt i vilka personlighetsdrag som predicerar social distansering. Data samlades in från ett svenskt urval (N = 566) med en webbaserad enkät. Totalt deltog 429 kvinnor (75.8%) och 137 män (24.2%). Med hjälp av Mini-IPIP6 mättes personlighetsfaktorer i Big Five samt Honesty-Humility och genom Dark Triad Dirty Dozen mättes personlighetsfaktorer i Dark Triad. Genom bivariat korrelationsanalys samt multipla regressionsanalyser fann vi signifikanta samband mellan personlighetsdrag och social distansering. Resultatet visar framförallt att Dark Triad (r = -.33) och Honesty-Humility (r = .30), men även conscientiousness (r = .18), extraversion (r = .16), och agreeableness (r = .17) är de starkaste prediktorerna. Skillnader i personlighet antas därför ha betydelse för hur man engagerar sig i försiktighetsåtgärder och på så vis begränsar smittspridningen.

Abstract [en]

In March 2020, it was declared by the WHO that the world was facing a pandemic. In order to slow the spread of COVID-19, people are expected to follow the restrictions imposed by governments. The purpose of the study is to gain insight into the personality traits that predict social distance. Data were collected from a Swedish sample (N = 566) with a web-based survey. A total of 429 women (75.8%) and 137 men (24.2%) participated. Using Mini-IPIP6, personality factors in the Big Five and Honesty-Humility were measured and through Dark Triad Dirty Dozen we measured personality factors in the Dark Triad. Through bivariate correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis, we found significant relationships between personality traits and social distancing. Above all, the results show that Dark Triad (r = -.33) and Honesty-Humility (r = .30), but also conscientiousness (r = .18), extraversion (r = -.16), and agreeableness (r = .17 ) are the strongest predictors. Differences in personality are therefore believed to have an importance on how to engage in precautionary measures and thus limit the spread of infection.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 37
Keywords [en]
Social distancing, personality, big 5, dark triad, honesty-humility
Keywords [sv]
Social distansering, personlighet, big 5, dark triad, honesty-humility
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15415Local ID: EXM540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-15415DiVA, id: diva2:1453240
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-07-22 Created: 2020-07-09 Last updated: 2020-07-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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