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Leva med IBS: kvalitativ studie om upplevd livskvalité hos personer med IBS
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Living with IBS : a qualitative study about experienced quality of life among people with IBS (English)
Abstract [sv]

Irritable Bowel Syndrome innebär en störning i tarmen och kännetecknas av olika symtom (uppblåsthet, buksmärtor, diarréer och förstoppning) som påverkar livet hos de drabbade. Eftersom det inte finns behandling och botemedel är det många som lär sig att acceptera och leva med sitt tillstånd.

Syftet med studien avsåg att undersöka upplevelsen av livskvalité hos personer med IBS, utifrån ett hälsopsykologiskt perspektiv.

Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes utifrån en framtagen intervjuguide. Sammanlagt intervjuades sju kvinnor som var mellan 19 och 62 år gamla. Insamlad data analyserades genom tematisk analys. Efter analys framkom fyra teman, strategier, emotioner, diagnos och socialt stöd.

Resultatet visade på att deltagarna upprättade strategier för att hantera sin IBS. En känsla av otillräcklighet skapades när deltagare kände att de inte kunde leva upp till rollen som mamma och vän på grund av sina symtom. För flera av deltagarna upplevdes en känsla av lättnad i samband med att de fick sin diagnos då de kunde utesluta att vara drabbad av en allvarlig sjukdom. Vidare framkom skillnader i upplevelsen från vården beroende på om deltagarna gått via privat sjukförsäkring eller inte.

Sammantaget framkommer i resultatet att IBS påverkar livskvalitén hos de drabbade både fysisk, psykisk och socialt.

Abstract [en]

Irritable bowel syndrome is a functional bowel disorder characterized by various symptoms (bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and constipation) that impact the lives of those affected. Since there is no treatment and cure, many learn how to accept and live with their condition.

The purpose of the study was to investigate the experience of quality of life in people with IBS, from a health psychology perspective.

Semistructured interviews were conducted using an interview guide. A total of seven women who were between 19 and 62-years-old were interviewed. Data were analyzed by thematic analysis. After analysis, four themes; strategies, emotions, diagnosis and social support, emerged.

The results showed that the participants established strategies for managing their IBS. A feeling of inadequacy emerged when participants felt that they could not live up to the role of mother and friend because of their symptoms. Many of the participants experienced a feeling of relief when they were diagnosed as this meant they could rule out being affected by a serious illness. Furthermore, differences in the subjective experience of the quality of care emerged depending on whether the participants had access to private health insurance or not.

Overall, the results show that IBS impacts the quality of life of those affected both physically, mentally and socially.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
Irritable bowel syndrome, quality of life, health psychology, biopsychosocial model, qualitative method
Keywords [sv]
Irritable bowel syndrome, livskvalité, hälsopsykologi, biopsykosociala modellen, kvalitativ metod
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15034Local ID: EXP301OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-15034DiVA, id: diva2:1412259
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-03-06 Created: 2020-03-05 Last updated: 2020-03-06Bibliographically approved

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23456787 of 8
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