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Mental health profile and its relation with parental alcohol use problems and/or the experience of abuse in a sample of Moroccan high school students: An explorative study
Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
Higher Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques, Errachidia, Morocco.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. (BUV)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5705-5705
Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
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2019 (English)In: Annals of General Psychiatry, ISSN 1744-859X, E-ISSN 1744-859X, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 27Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Studies on mental health are scarce from Arab countries, especially studies focusing on adolescents. In addition to the neurobiological and physiological changes that occur during adolescent development, psychological, societal and cultural influences have strong effects on adolescents’ behavior and on their somatic and mental health. The present study aimed (1) to describe the mental health profile, operationalized as psychological distress, of a sample of Moroccan adolescents, and (2) to investigate how specific psychosocial factors (parental alcohol use problems and the experience of physical and/or psychological abuse) may affect adolescents’ mental health. Methods: The sample included 375 adolescents from conveniently selected classes of four high schools in the city of Tetouan in Morocco. The participants responded to an anonymous survey containing, beside other inventories, the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and identified those reporting parental alcohol use problems and/or the previous experience of abuse. The sample characteristics were defined using descriptive statistics. The effects of the defined psychosocial factors were identified using the Kruskal-Wallis test, followed by the post hoc Fisher’s least significant difference test. Results: The most common problems found in high school students from an urban region of Morocco were memory problems, concentration difficulties, restlessness, fear, nervosity and feelings of inadequacy during interpersonal interactions. The female students reported significantly higher psychological distress levels when compared to the male students (p < 0.001). The adolescents reporting parental alcohol use problems and the experience of physical/psychological abuse showed significantly higher levels of psychological distress (p = 0.02), especially symptoms of somatization (p < 0.001), hostility (p = 0.005) and anxiety (p = 0.01), than those not reporting any of these psychosocial factors. Conclusion: The mental health profile of female adolescents from an urban area of Morocco is worse than that of their male fellow students. Adolescents reporting parental alcohol use problems and/or the experience of physical/psychological abuse need synchronized support from social- A nd healthcare services. © 2019 The Author(s).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2019. Vol. 18, no 1, article id 27
Keywords [en]
adolescent; adolescent health; alcohol consumption; anxiety; Article; Brief Symptom Inventory; controlled study; distress syndrome; emotional abuse; fear; female; health service; high school student; hostility; human; human relation; major clinical study; male; memory disorder; mental concentration; mental health; Moroccan; nervousness; parental behavior; physical abuse; psychological aspect; restlessness; social aspect; social support; somatization; urban area
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Psychiatry
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science; Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14835DOI: 10.1186/s12991-019-0251-5ISI: 000512671400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85077080653OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14835DiVA, id: diva2:1384161
Available from: 2020-01-09 Created: 2020-01-09 Last updated: 2020-02-27

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Hedman Ahlström, BrittKerekes, Nora

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