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Understanding the effect of material composition and microstructure on the hot corrosion behaviour of plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Thermal barrier coatings (TBC) are used in the hot sections of gas turbine engine in order to insulate the substrate at high temperature. Molten salt infiltration retards the durability of TBCs. The current standard material, i.e. 8YSZ is susceptible to molten salt infiltration. Therefore, alternate TBC materials are desirable. In addition to material composition, the TBC microstructure plays an important role in mitigating molten salt infiltration. Therefore, in this work, three different TBC variations were investigated. The first variation was a columnar microstructured 48YSZ TBC processed by SPS (48YSZ-SPS). The second variation was a columnar microstructured 8YSZ TBC processed by SPS (8YSZ-SPS), and the third variation was a lamellar microstructured 8YSZ TBC deposited by APS (8YSZ-APS).

The as-sprayed TBC specimens were characterized by SEM/EDS, porosity analysis and XRD measurements. Later, the TBC specimens were exposed to hot corrosion test and their interaction with the molten salts were investigated using SEM (EDS and XRD). It was shown that an increase in stabilizer content (yttria content) in zirconia (in the case of 48YSZ) leads to an improved hot corrosion resistance due to the adequate amount of yttria content, which restricts the molten salt infiltration by forming needle like YVO4 phase. In terms of microstructure comparison, the infiltration behavior was similar for columnar microstructured 8YSZ and lamellar microstructured 8YSZ-APS as the molten salts infiltrated the coatings completely compared to the 48YSZ TBC. Furthermore, it seems that the molten salt infiltrates the TBC through globular pores, delamination cracks and splat boundaries in the case of APS-TBCs whereas the column gaps favor easier infiltration of molten salts in the case of columnar microstructured SPS processed TBCs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 32
Keywords [en]
Thermal barrier coatings, molten salt infiltration, TBC variations, hot corrosion test
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14532Local ID: EXP800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14532DiVA, id: diva2:1359585
Subject / course
Mechanical engineering
Educational program
Produktionsteknik, magister
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-17 Created: 2019-10-09 Last updated: 2019-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

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