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Personlighet som prediktor för organisationslojalitet: En kvantitativ studie om sambanden mellan femfaktormodellenoch organisationslojalitet
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Personality as a predictor of Organizational Commitment : A quantitative study on therelationships between the Five Factor Model and Organizational Commitment (English)
Abstract [sv]

Studier på personlighetsområdet har genomförts i många år där resultat vittnar om att personlighet spelar roll för olika livsutfall. Däremot har få studier på området undersökt sambanden mellan personlighet och organisationslojalitet. Tidigare forskning visar att organisationer kan undkomma onödiga kostnader genom att anställa individer som tenderar att bidra med hög organisationslojalitet. Vår studie avsåg därmed att fortsätta undersöka sambanden mellan personlighet och organisationslojalitet. En kvantitativ metod användes och datainsamling skedde genom ett webbaserat frågeformulär bestående av 48 påståenden. Frågeformuläret bestod av två etablerade instrument, IPIP-30 och Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ), som avsåg mäta personlighetsdimensionerna och organisationslojalitet. Totalt deltog 155 personer i studien (M = 34 år, SD = 12, range18-64 år, 75% kvinnor) med genomsnittlig anställningstid i sin organisation på 6.5år (SD = 8.5, range 0.7-44 år). Resultaten var delvis i linje med tidigare forskning där personlighetsdimensionerna neuroticism, samvetsgrannhet och vänlighet har visat sig predicera organisationslojalitet. Ett oväntat resultat i föreliggande studie var att extroversion inte påvisade samband med organisationslojalitet. En regressionsanalys vittnade om att personlighet kunde förklara ≈ 20% av variansen inom organisationslojalitet. Resultaten bidrar till ökad kunskap kring att personlighet kan användas som prediktor för organisationslojalitet. Vår slutsats är att personlighet kan användas som prediktor för att finna lojala individer, som är en investering för organisationer då man kan undkomma hög personalomsättning och onödiga kostnader, samt erhålla individer som tenderar att bidra med det lilla extra.

Abstract [en]

Previous studies in the field of personality have been carried out for many years where the results show that personality are important for different life outcomes. However, few studies have investigated relationships between personality and organizational commitment. Previous research shows that organizations can avoid unnecessary costs by hiring people who tend to contribute with high levels of 3 organizational commitment. Thus, our study sought to preserve investigating relationships between personality and organizational commitment. A quantitative method was used, and data collection was done through a web-based questionnaire consisting of 48 statements. The questionnaire consisted of two established instruments, the IPIP-30 and the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ), which intend to measure personality dimensions and organizational commitment. A total of 155 people participated in the study (M =34 years, SD = 12, Range 18-64years, 75% women) with average period of employment in their organization of 6.5years (SD = 8.5, range 0.7-44 years). The results were partly in line with previous research where the personality dimensions of neuroticism, conscientiousness and agreeableness have been shown to predict organizational commitment. An unexpected result in the present study was that extraversion did not show any relationship with organizational commitment. A regression analysis testified that personality could explain ≈ 20% of the variance in organizational commitment. The results contribute to increased knowledge that personality can be used as a predictor of organizational commitment. Our conclusion is that personality can be used as a predictor for finding individuals who tend to be loyal, which is an investment for organizations in order to avoid high turnover and unnecessary costs, as well as obtain individuals who tend to contribute the little extra.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
Personality, Five Factor Model, Organizational Commitment
Keywords [sv]
personlighet, femfaktormodellen, organisationslojalitet
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14041Local ID: EXM540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14041DiVA, id: diva2:1336502
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-22 Created: 2019-07-09 Last updated: 2019-07-23Bibliographically approved

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