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Relationella erfarenheter och stresshantering: Hur coping och anknytning förhåller sig till varandra
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences of relations and work-stress management : How coping and attachment relate (English)
Abstract [sv]

Var fjärde sysselsatt uppgav att de hade ett psykiskt ansträngande arbete år 2017 (Arbetsmiljöverket, 2018). Förmågan att hantera psykisk ansträngning avgörs av tidigare erfarenheter i nära relationer och även av förmågan att söka socialt stöd (Berry & Kingswell, 2012; Howard & Medway, 2004).

Syftet med den aktuella studien var att undersöka: 1. Hur samvarierar anknytningsmönster med olika copingstrategier? och 2. Hur samvarierar anknytningsmönster med tendens att söka socialt stöd som copingstrategi?

En enkät bestående av två formulär, attachment style questionnaire (Feeney, Noller & Hanrahan, 1994) och Brief COPE (Carver, 1997), skickades ut. Av 70 anställda på ett hotell svarade 28, medelåldern var 35år och könsfördelning var 22 kvinnor och 6 män.

Resultatet visade på en positiv samvariation mellan trygg anknytning och emotionsfokuserad coping samt med tendensen att söka socialt stöd vid utmaningar. Studien visade också ett positivt samband med problemfokuserad coping. Samtidigt visar undersökningen på en positiv samvariation mellan otryggt-ambivalent anknytningsmönster och dysfunktionell coping. Ett positivt samband mellan otryggt-undvikande anknytningsmönster och dysfunktionell coping samt ett negativt samband mellan otryggt-undvikande anknytningsmönster och problemfokuserad coping samt tendensen att söka socialt stöd. Resultatet visar på att tryggt anknutna har närmare till att använda konstruktiva stressreduceringsstrategier samt att de har lättare för att söka stöd hos andra.

Abstract [en]

In 2017 every fourth employee had a psychologically demanding work (Arbetsmiljöverket, 2018). The ability to handle psychological demand is determined by prior experiences in close relationships but also by the ability to seek out social support (Berry & Kingswell, 2012; Howard & Medway, 2004).

The purpose of this study was to examine: 1. How does attachment covary with coping-strategies? and 2. How does attachment covary with the tendency to seek out social support as a coping strategy?

The survey consisting of two forms, attachment style questionnaire (Feeney, Noller & Hanrahan, 1994) and Brief COPE (Carver, 1997) was sent out. Out of 70 hotel employees, we received 28 answers; the average age was 35 years, and 22 of the respondents were women and 6 were men.

The result showed a positive covariance between secure attachment and emotional coping just as with social support seeking. The study also showed a positive association with problem-focused coping. Simultaneously it showed a positive covariance between unsecure-anxious attachment and dysfunctional coping. It also showed a positive association between unsecure-avoidant attachment and dysfunctional coping, and furthermore it showed a negative association between unsecure-avoidant attachment and problem-focused coping but also with social support seeking. Hence the result showed that secure attached is more prone to use constructive stress-reducing strategies and to engage in social support seeking.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 16
Keywords [en]
Attachment, coping, stress, work-related stress
Keywords [sv]
Anknytning, coping, stress, stress i arbetslivet
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13533Local ID: EXP301OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-13533DiVA, id: diva2:1288776
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-25 Created: 2019-02-14 Last updated: 2019-02-25Bibliographically approved

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