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Fysisk aktivitet i samband med psykisk ohälsa ur patienters perspektiv
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå.
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå.
2016 (Svenska)Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)Alternativ titel
Physical activity and mental illness from patient's perspective (Engelska)
Abstract [en]

Background: The relationship between mental illness and physical inactivity is known as a problem area. While perceived physical activity is a neglected and less used form of treatment for these patients. Increased knowledge about patients experience of physical activity will help the nurse in her health promotion.

Aim: The purpose of the literature review was to describe how patients with mental disorders experienced physical activity as part of the treatment. Method: The method used was a literature review in qualitative inductive approach where we searched for recent research that existed within the problem area. We found nine articles with a qualitative approach which were analyzed on the basis of similarities and differences.

Results: The analysis of the articles resulted in three main themes. The first theme was about obstacles that patients experienced to be able to perform physical activity. Patients stated that lack of motivation, low self- esteem, mental illnesses and external factors was constricting. The second theme that emerged from the analysis was the strategies used to achieve the objectives to perform physical activity. Increased knowledge and support in everyday life was important. The third theme was the effects that patients experienced by physical activity. The effects were greater quality of life and increased self-esteem.

Conclusion: The results of the study demonstrate the importance of physical activity for patients with mental illness, as well as the obstacles and the useful strategies to overcome these obstacles. By working person-centered and to conduct motivational interviewing the nurse can help patients to reach their goals.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2016. , s. 21
Nyckelord [en]
Nursing, health, motivation, self-care, strategies
Nyckelord [sv]
Omvårdnad, hälsa, motivation, egenvård, strategier
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9198Lokalt ID: EXO501OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9198DiVA, id: diva2:910254
Ämne / kurs
Omvårdnad
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2016-03-11 Skapad: 2016-03-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-03-11Bibliografiskt granskad

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