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Self-efficacy and adherence as mediating factors between personality traits and health-related quality of life
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för vårdvetenskap på grundnivå.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5493-8334
Krefting Research Centre, Institute of Medicine, Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för specialistsjuksköterskeutbildning.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4722-009X
Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg.
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2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 567-575Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose Personality traits are rather stable dispositions inadulthood, while self-efficacy and adherence may bemodified through targeted interventions. Health-relatedquality of life (HRQL) serves as a vital outcome measure.The present aim was to explore the function of self-efficacyand adherence as mediators for the influencing effect ofpersonality traits on HRQL in people with chronic disease.Methods An epidemiological sample of 786 personscompleted questionnaires on personality, general self-efficacy,adherence behaviour and HRQL. Data were statisticallyanalysed using descriptive statistics, correlationanalyses and path models.Results Self-efficacy mediated the effect of Extraversionand Conscientiousness on mental HRQL. Neuroticism hada direct effect on both physical and mental HRQL.Adherence partially mediated the effect of both Agreeablenessand Conscientiousness on mental HRQL.Conclusions The mental HRQL in people scoring low onExtraversion or low on Conscientiousness could beimproved by strengthening general self-efficacy. Increasingadherence in people scoring low on Agreeableness orConscientiousness could improve their mental HRQL, butthe improvement was small and may be of lesser clinicalrelevance. These results argue for personalized interventionsintended to positively affect health outcomes inpeople with chronic disease.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2013. Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 567-575
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Forskningsämne
VÅRD- OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP, Vårdvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-3945DOI: 10.1007/s11136-012-0181-zISI: 000316762600013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84876498999OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-3945DiVA, id: diva2:471286
Tillgänglig från: 2012-01-02 Skapad: 2012-01-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Personality and adherence to medication treatment
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Personality and adherence to medication treatment
2011 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Striving for improved adherence to medication treatment is of vital concern, as low adherence is a major obstacle in treating many prevalent chronic diseases. Several factors have been identified that seem to influence adherence behaviour, but limited research exists on the significance of personality for adherence to medication treatment. According to the Five-Factor Model (FFM), personality can be described in terms of five broad personality traits: Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Openness to experience, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness. Reports on health-related quality of life (HRQL), asthma control and selfefficacy may also be influenced by personality. Therefore, the overall aim of the present research project was to explore the significance of personality traits in relation to adherence to medication treatment and asthma control, health-related quality of life and self-efficacy. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Göteborg: Institute of Medicine at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, 2011. s. 65
Nyckelord
Five-factor model, personality traits, medication adherence, chronic disease
Nationell ämneskategori
Medicin och hälsovetenskap
Forskningsämne
VÅRD- OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP, Vårdvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-3846 (URN)ISBN 978-91-628-8321-8 (ISBN)
Disputation
2011-09-16, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2012-01-02 Skapad: 2011-11-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-01-02Bibliografiskt granskad

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Axelsson, MalinCliffordson, ChristinaBrink, Eva

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