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Mutual actions: developmental links between aspects of the parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent risk behaviors
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi. (BUV)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2998-7289  
2019 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Adolescence is a critical time for the onset or intensification of engagement in risk behaviors, such as delinquency and alcohol use. Parents are often advised to supervise adolescents or set rules for behavior control in order to protect their adolescents from harm. But are such parenting strategies advantageous in preventing adolescents from engaging in risk behaviors? Little is known about what role adolescents play in the parent- adolescent relationship and their own psychosocial development? The overall aim of the dissertation was to investigate how parent- and adolescent-driven communication efforts occurring in the parent-adolescent relationship relate to risk behaviors in early to mid- adolescence.Findings show that adolescent-driven communication efforts (i.e. disclosure about their everyday activities) play a prominent role in the parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent engagement in risk behaviors. Adolescent disclosure is linked to parental knowledge of an adolescent's whereabouts, parent-adolescent emotional connectedness, and decreases in adolescent risk behaviors over time. While parental behavioral control of adolescent whereabouts can indeed be protective of adolescent engagement in risk behaviors, parents' soliciting efforts are related to higher levels of engagement in delinquency and substance use. This is particularly true for boys and adolescents with detached and fearless temperament. However, when adolescents are willing to communicate, parents can elicit more disclosure from their adolescents through soliciting efforts.This dissertation suggests that parents and adolescents both play important roles in parenting and parent-adolescent relationships. Parents can protect their adolescents from engagement in risk behaviors, especially when adolescents share information with their parents.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Jönköping: Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare , 2019. , s. 111
Serie
Dissertation Series. School of Health and Welfare, ISSN 1654-3602 ; 096
Nyckelord [en]
adolescents, risk behaviors, parent-adolescent relationship, disclosure, communication
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)
Forskningsämne
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14332ISBN: 9789185835959 (digital)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14332DiVA, id: diva2:1345526
Disputation
2019-05-17, Jönköping, 09:25 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2019-08-28 Skapad: 2019-08-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-03Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Aspects of the Parent–Adolescent Relationship and Associations With Adolescent Risk Behaviors Over Time
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Aspects of the Parent–Adolescent Relationship and Associations With Adolescent Risk Behaviors Over Time
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of family psychology, ISSN 0893-3200, E-ISSN 1939-1293, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 1-11Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Parents' actions and knowledge of adolescents' whereabouts play key roles in preventing risk behaviors in early adolescence, but what enables parents to know about their adolescents' activities and what links there are to adolescent risk behaviors, such as substance use and delinquent behavior, remain unclear. In this study,we investigated whether different aspects of the parent–adolescent relationship predict parental knowledge, and we examined the direct and indirect longitudinal associations between these aspects of the parent–dolescent relationship and adolescents' self-reported delinquent behavior and substance use. The participants were 550 parents and their adolescent children from two small and two midsized municipalities in Sweden. Parental data were collected when the adolescents were 13 years old (mean), and adolescent data on riskbehaviors were collected on two occasions, when they were 13 and 14 years of age (mean). Structural path analyses revealed that adolescent disclosure, parental solicitation, and parental control predicted parental knowledge, with adolescent disclosure being the strongest source of parental knowledge and the strongest negative predictor of adolescent risk behaviors. Parenting competence and adolescents' connectedness to parents were indirectly, through adolescent disclosure and parental solicitation and parental control, associated with substance use and delinquent behavior. Some paths differed for boys and girls. In conclusion, confident parenting and a close parent–adolescent relationship in which adolescent disclosure is promoted, seem protective of adolescent engagement in risk behaviors

Nyckelord
parent–adolescent relationships, parental knowledge, adolescent disclosure, parenting competence, risk behaviors
Nationell ämneskategori
Tillämpad psykologi
Forskningsämne
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi; Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13030 (URN)10.1037/fam0000436 (DOI)000457254800001 ()2-s2.0-8504978573 (Scopus ID)
Tillgänglig från: 2018-10-24 Skapad: 2018-10-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-03Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Does one Size Fit All?: Linking Parenting With Adolescent Substance Use and Adolescent Temperament
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Does one Size Fit All?: Linking Parenting With Adolescent Substance Use and Adolescent Temperament
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of research on adolescence, ISSN 1050-8392, E-ISSN 1532-7795, Vol. 30, nr suppl 2, s. 443-457Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Using longitudinal Swedish data from 1,373 early‐adolescent youths, this study aims to answer the question of whether the previously established protective function of parental knowledge and its sources — adolescent disclosure, parental solicitation, and parental control—on substance use among early‐adolescents is moderated by the adolescent's temperament. Adolescent temperament moderated several links between parental knowledge and its sources and adolescent substance use. The most pronounced moderating results were found for those adolescents with fearless, socially detached and thrill‐seeking tendencies. For these "detached thrill‐seekers", bidirectional links between adolescent disclosure and substance use, and negative links between parental solicitation and substance use were found. We recommend, therefore, that adolescent temperament is considered when designing parenting programs.

Nyckelord
Parenting, adolescents, temperament
Nationell ämneskategori
Tillämpad psykologi
Forskningsämne
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13803 (URN)10.1111/jora.12489 (DOI)000518217500012 ()2-s2.0-85062936891 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Vinnova, 259-2012-25Forskningsrådet Formas, 259‐2012‐25Vetenskapsrådet, 259‐2012‐25Forte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd, 259‐2012‐25
Anmärkning

Funders: Stiftelsen Sunnerdahls Handikappfond(Grant Number: 40‐14); Säfstaholm Foundation(ST‐2014‐023)

Tillgänglig från: 2019-04-26 Skapad: 2019-04-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-04-13Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Structural relations between sources of parental knowledge, feelings of being overly controlled and risk behaviors in early adolescence
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Structural relations between sources of parental knowledge, feelings of being overly controlled and risk behaviors in early adolescence
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Family Studies, ISSN 1322-9400, E-ISSN 1839-3543, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 226-242Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we have investigated parental knowledge and its sources, namely adolescent disclosure, parental control, and parental solicitation; and how they relate to adolescents' feelings of being overly controlled, and to three types of adolescent risk behaviors, namely bullying, substance use, and delinquent behavior. This was studied in a sample of 1520 Swedish early adolescent boys and girls (M age = 13.0). A structural equation path model showed that adolescent disclosure and parental control were positively associated with parental knowledge, which in turn related to all three risk behaviors. Adolescent disclosure was related to lower levels of risk behaviors, while parental solicitation was linked to higher levels of adolescent engagement in risk behaviors, especially for boys, through feelings of being overly controlled. The findings support the idea of a functional role of open communication, as well as adequate levels of autonomy granting, for managing boys' and girls' risk behavior.

Nyckelord
Parental knowledge, disclosure, control, adolescent autonomy, gender
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)
Forskningsämne
Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11882 (URN)10.1080/13229400.2017.1367713 (DOI)000523016000004 ()2-s2.0-85028539487 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet Formas, 259-2012-25Vinnova, 259-2012-25
Anmärkning

Funders: Safstaholm Foundation [ST-2014-023];Sunnerdahl Disability Foundation [No. 40-14];Futurum, Jonkoping County [No. 2014/3821-271]

Tillgänglig från: 2017-12-05 Skapad: 2017-12-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-04-16Bibliografiskt granskad
4. Parent-Adolescent Communication and Adolescent Delinquency: Unraveling Within-Family Processes from Between-Family Differences.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Parent-Adolescent Communication and Adolescent Delinquency: Unraveling Within-Family Processes from Between-Family Differences.
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601, Vol. 48, nr 9, s. 1707-1723Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Understanding the factors that predict adolescent delinquency is a key topic in parenting research. An open question is whether prior results indicating relative differences between families reflect the dynamic processes occurring within families. Therefore, this study investigated concurrent and lagged associations among parental behavioral control, parental solicitation, adolescent disclosure, and adolescent delinquency by separating between-family and within-family effects in three-wave annual data (N = 1515; Mage = 13.01 years at T1; 50.6% girls). At the within-family level, parental behavioral control negatively predicted adolescent delinquency. Adolescent disclosure and delinquency, and adolescent disclosure and parental solicitation, reciprocally predicted each other. Parental solicitation negatively predicted parental behavioral control. The findings indicate a prominent role of adolescent disclosure in within-family processes concerning parental-adolescent communication and adolescent delinquency.

Nyckelord
Adolescence, Delinquency, Longitudinal, Parent-child relationship, Parental monitoring, Within-family
Nationell ämneskategori
Tillämpad psykologi
Forskningsämne
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi; Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13945 (URN)10.1007/s10964-019-01043-w (DOI)000484622000004 ()31161272 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85067038201 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Forte, Forskningsrådet för hälsa, arbetsliv och välfärd, No. 259- 2012-25Vetenskapsrådet, No. 259- 2012-25Forskningsrådet Formas, No. 259- 2012-25
Anmärkning

Funders: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, NWO; 452-17-011

Tillgänglig från: 2019-06-11 Skapad: 2019-06-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-03Bibliografiskt granskad

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Kapetanovic, Sabina

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