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Livet efter en hjärtinfarkt: En litteraturstudie om kvinnors upplevelse av hälsa efter en hjärtinfarkt
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå.
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå.
2019 (Svenska)Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)Alternativ titel
Life after a myocardial infarction (Engelska)
Abstract [en]

Background: Myocardial infarction is the most common single cause of death in Sweden. A person suffering from myocardial infarction goes through a traumatic experience and life after means major changes and adjustments. Through increased knowledge of women's experiences of their health, the nurse can provide a knowledgeable and careful nursing care that meets the patients' requirements and needs.

Aim: The purpose of the study is to describe how women experience their health after a myocardial infarction.

Method: To achieve the purpose of this study, a literature review has been conducted, primary on data sources in the form of qualitative scientific articles. Additionally, Friberg's analysis method provided four themes and eight sub-themes.

Results: The results show that women's everyday lives are limited due to physical and mental limitations that occur after myocardial infarction. For example, they experienced a change in the relationship with their partners and reduced sexual activity. Women received insufficient information on symptoms, treatment and cardiac status after a heart attack and began to doubt their body, as they were afraid to relapse. It demanded great life changes for the women.

Conclusion: In summary, myocardial infarction leads to impaired health for women. It is important that nurses maintain continuous contact with patients after discharge. They should always have a good understanding of the patient's situation, in order to be able to provide good care. Nurses have an important job of maintaining a support system as well as encourage the patients, so the women can experience good health and a sense of meaning in life.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2019. , s. 23
Nyckelord [en]
Experience, health, myocardial infarction, nursing, women
Nyckelord [sv]
Erfarenheter, hälsa, hjärtinfarkt, omvårdnad, kvinnor
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14324Lokalt ID: EXO502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14324DiVA, id: diva2:1345003
Ämne / kurs
Omvårdnad
Utbildningsprogram
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2019-08-28 Skapad: 2019-08-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-28Bibliografiskt granskad

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