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Physical activity on prescription in primary health care: an observational study
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå.
2018 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

Background: Insufficient physical activity (PA) is a risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer and diabetes. To increase the physical activity level among the population a health promotion approach is needed. Physical activity on prescription (PAP) is a treatment method designed to support patients to increase their PA level, it is based on a structured planning, follow-up and evaluation of PA. The Swedish PAP-treatment has now been used in the last decade for increased physical activity and there is no evidence of how the treatment method works over a long period of time.

Methods: The aim of this observation study was to describe changes in PA level and health related quality of life (HRQOL) during 18 months follow-up of PAP-treatment in primary health care. This study includes 346 patients from 15 primary health centers in Gothenburg, age 27-85, who had at least one component of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) and were physically inactive. The PAP-treatment included individualized dialogs between the patient and the nurse, a PAP and a structured follow-up. 214 patients (61.8%) completed the 18-month follow-up. Results: There was a significant improvement (p = <0.001) in physical activity level and 59.1% increased their PA to a sufficient PA level, according to public health recommendations. There were also some significant improvements in health-related quality of life in: general health, vitality, social function, mental health and mental component summery, assessed by the Short Form 36.

Conclusions: This study indicates that PAP-treatment has a potential of improving peoples PA level and mental health quality of life.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018. , s. 23
Nyckelord [en]
HRQOL, Physical activity, PAP-treatment, Primary health care
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12431Lokalt ID: EXD800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-12431DiVA, id: diva2:1213594
Ämne / kurs
Omvårdnad
Utbildningsprogram
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-14 Skapad: 2018-06-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-14Bibliografiskt granskad

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Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

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