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Job satisfaction in midwives and its association with organisational and psychosocial factors at work: a nation-wide, cross-sectional study
Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0877-2366
Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
Department of Health and Nursing, School of Health and Welfare.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: BMC Health Services Research, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 1-10, artikkel-id 436Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundMidwives report a challenging work environment globally, with high levels of burnout, insufficient work resources and low job satisfaction. The primary objective of this study was to identify factors in the organisational and psychosocial work environment associated with midwives’ job satisfaction. A secondary objective was to identify differences in how midwives assess the organisational and psychosocial work environment compared to Swedish benchmarks.

MethodsThis nation-wide, cross-sectional web survey study analysed midwives’ assessment of their organisational and psychosocial work environment using the COPSOQ III instrument. A multivariable, bi-directional, stepwise linear regression was used to identify association with job satisfaction (N = 1747, 99.6% women). A conventional minimal important score difference (MID ± 5 as a noticeable difference with clinical importance) were used to compare midwives’ results with Swedish benchmarks.

ResultsA multivariable regression model with 13 scales explained the variance in job satisfaction (R2 = .65). Five scales, possibilities for development, quality of work, role conflict, burnout and recognition, explained most of the variance in midwives’ job satisfaction (R2 = .63) and had β values ranging from .23 to .10. Midwives had adverse MID compared to Swedish benchmarks with higher difference in mean values regarding quantitative demands (8.3), work pace (6.0) emotional demand (20.6), role conflicts (7.9) and burnout (8.3). In addition, lower organisational justice (-6.4), self-rated health (-8.8), influence (-13.2) and recognition at work (-5.8). However, variation and meaning of work showed a beneficial difference in mean values with 7.9 and 13.7 respectively.

ConclusionsMidwives reported high levels of meaningfulness in their work, and meaningfulness was associated with job satisfaction. However, midwives also reported adversely high demands and a lack of influence and recognition at work and in addition, high role conflict and burnout compared to Swedish benchmarks. The lack of organisational resources are modifiable factors that can be taken into account when structural changes are made regarding organisation of care, management and resource allocation. Midwives are necessary to a high quality sexual, reproductive and perinatal health care. Future studies are needed to investigate if job satisfaction can be improved through professional recognition and development, and if this can reduce turnover in midwives.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2022. Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 1-10, artikkel-id 436
Emneord [en]
Work satisfaction, Work environment, Midwifery, Professional autonomy, Salutogenesis, COPSOQ III
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
VÅRD- OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP, Vårdvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-18262DOI: 10.1186/s12913-022-07852-3ISI: 000777432700003PubMedID: 35366877Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85127460134OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-18262DiVA, id: diva2:1649184
Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-04-03 Laget: 2022-04-03 Sist oppdatert: 2024-04-09bibliografisk kontrollert

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