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Influence of thermal post treatments on microstructure and oxidation behavior of EB-PBF manufactured Alloy 718
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för avverkande och additativa tillverkningsprocesser (AAT). (PTW)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7663-9631
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ingenjörsvetenskap, Avdelningen för avverkande och additativa tillverkningsprocesser (AAT). (PTW)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6610-1486
Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nurnberg, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Erlangen, 91058, Germany.
Case Western Reserves University, Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Cleveland, 44106,USA; ASTM International, Washington, DC 20036, United States .
Vise andre og tillknytning
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Materials Characterization, ISSN 1044-5803, E-ISSN 1873-4189, Vol. 150, s. 236-251Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The effect of thermal post treatments consisting of heat treatment (HT), hot isostatic pressing (HIP), and combined HIP-HT on microstructure and oxidation behavior of Alloy 718 manufactured by electron beam powder bed fusion (EB-PBF) technique was investigated. Oxidation of the as-built and post-treated specimens was performed in ambient air at 650, 750, and 850 °C for up to 168 h. Directional columnar-grained microstructure, pores and fine Nb-rich carbides were observed in the as-built specimen. The HT specimen presented the columnar microstructure, plate-like δ phase at grain boundaries, and pores. The dominant grain crystallographic orientation was changed from 〈001〉 in the as-built specimen to 〈101〉 after HT. No grain boundary δ phase was observed in the HIPed specimen, but recrystallization occurred in both the HIP and HIP-HT specimens due to a rapid cooling after HIPing motivating the nucleation of fine grains with limited time to grow. After oxidation exposure at 650 and 750 °C for 168 h, no big difference between weight changes of the as-built and post-treated specimens was noted, whereas at 850 °C, the combined HIP-HT specimen showed the most promising corrosion resistance with the least weight change. At 850 °C, a protective scale of Cr 2 O 3 rich in Cr, Ti, and Ni as well as an internal oxide (branched structure of alumina) developed in all the specimens, while, only a protective Cr 2 O 3 scale was found at 650 and 750 °C. The HIP-HT specimen at 850 °C developed an oxide scale, which was denser and more adherent in comparison to the oxide scales formed on the other three specimens, associated with its limited defect distribution and more homogenized microstructure. Moreover, the δ phase formed close to the surface of the exposed specimens during the oxidation exposure at 850 °C most probably led to nucleation and growth of the oxide scale. © 2019 Elsevier Inc.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 150, s. 236-251
Emneord [en]
Additive manufacturing, Electron beam powder bed fusion, Alloy 718, Oxidation, Heat treatment, Hot isostatic pressing
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
TEKNIK, Produktions- och materialteknik; Produktionsteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13740DOI: 10.1016/j.matchar.2019.02.016ISI: 000462420900027Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85062014143OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-13740DiVA, id: diva2:1297811
Forskningsfinansiär
Knowledge FoundationTilgjengelig fra: 2019-03-21 Laget: 2019-03-21 Sist oppdatert: 2019-05-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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