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Physical activity on prescription in primary health care: an observational study
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå.
2018 (engelsk)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
Abstract [en]

Background: Insufficient physical activity (PA) is a risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer and diabetes. To increase the physical activity level among the population a health promotion approach is needed. Physical activity on prescription (PAP) is a treatment method designed to support patients to increase their PA level, it is based on a structured planning, follow-up and evaluation of PA. The Swedish PAP-treatment has now been used in the last decade for increased physical activity and there is no evidence of how the treatment method works over a long period of time.

Methods: The aim of this observation study was to describe changes in PA level and health related quality of life (HRQOL) during 18 months follow-up of PAP-treatment in primary health care. This study includes 346 patients from 15 primary health centers in Gothenburg, age 27-85, who had at least one component of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) and were physically inactive. The PAP-treatment included individualized dialogs between the patient and the nurse, a PAP and a structured follow-up. 214 patients (61.8%) completed the 18-month follow-up. Results: There was a significant improvement (p = <0.001) in physical activity level and 59.1% increased their PA to a sufficient PA level, according to public health recommendations. There were also some significant improvements in health-related quality of life in: general health, vitality, social function, mental health and mental component summery, assessed by the Short Form 36.

Conclusions: This study indicates that PAP-treatment has a potential of improving peoples PA level and mental health quality of life.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2018. , s. 23
Emneord [en]
HRQOL, Physical activity, PAP-treatment, Primary health care
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12431Lokal ID: EXD800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-12431DiVA, id: diva2:1213594
Fag / kurs
Nursing science
Utdanningsprogram
Specialist nursing programme
Veileder
Examiner
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-06-14 Laget: 2018-06-05 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-14bibliografisk kontrollert

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