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Dystopian Chaos, Dystopian Order: Differing Ideological Reinterpretations of the Masked Vigiliante in Miller's The Dark Knight Returns and Moore and Lloyd's V for Vendetta
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för utbildningsvetenskap och språk.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2941-6918
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Visions of the Future in Comics: International Perspectives / [ed] Francesco-Alessio Ursini, Adnan Mahmutović & Frank Bramlett, Jefferson, North Carolina, USA: McFarland, 2017, s. 136-151Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

In the 1980s, the comics’ field in the US, and in particular the superhero genre, was revolutionised by among others Frank Miller and Alan Moore. Jahlmar investigates how Miller, on the one hand, and Moore, in collaboration with David Lloyd, on the other, offer radically different, yet equally ideological reinterpretations of the masked vigilante archetype in Batman: The Dark Knight Returns (1986) and V for Vendetta (1990) respectively. The underlying components in these analyses are dystopian chaos and dystopian order, and the assumption that these categories play into generic expectations in the dystopian genre. Miller’s, and Moore and Lloyd’s reinterpretations of the masked vigilante are diametrically opposed, and Jahlmar argues that this opposition is made possible by the two storyworlds evoked in the respective texts, set in fundamentally different futures.

In Miller’s text, dystopian chaos, in the form of rampant criminality, the culture of fear, and the looming threat of nuclear Armageddon, breeds an inherent narrative need for order and consequently allows Batman/Bruce Wayne to become an extreme version of the conservative superhero, at the very least, a figure with crypto-fascist leanings. On the other hand, in Moore and Lloyd’s text, dystopian order, in the form of a de facto fascist government in England, allows for a traditional villain – in structural and ideological terms – like V, to become a hero, and for his acts of terrorism to be understood on some levels through the generic expectations on any opposition to totalitarianism in dystopian fiction in general.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Jefferson, North Carolina, USA: McFarland, 2017. s. 136-151
Emneord [en]
Batman, dystopia, fascism, Dirty Harry, discontinuity, storyworld, superheroes, vigilante, masked vigilante, worldmaking
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
HUMANIORA, Litteraturvetenskap; HUMANIORA, Engelska
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11839ISBN: 9781476668017 (tryckt)ISBN: 9781476629360 (digital)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11839DiVA, id: diva2:1161011
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-28 Laget: 2017-11-28 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-29bibliografisk kontrollert

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