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Conceptualizations of Personality Disorders with the Five Factor Model-count and Empathy Traits
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0629-353X
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8562-5610
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Testing, ISSN 1530-5058, E-ISSN 1532-7574, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 141-157Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research has long advocated that emotional and behavioral disorders are related to general personality traits, such as the Five Factor Model (FFM). The addition of section III in the latest Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) recommends that extremity in personality traits together with maladaptive interpersonal functioning, such as lack of empathy, are used for identifying psychopathology and particularly personality disorders (PD). The objective of the present study was to measure dispositions for DSM categories based on normal personality continuums, and to conceptualize these with empathy traits. We used a validated FFM-count method based on the five personality factors (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness), and related these to 4 empathy traits (emphatic concern, perspective-taking, fantasy, and personal distress). The results showed that FFM-based PD scores overall could be conceptualized using only two of the empathy traits, low emphatic concern and high personal distress. Further, specific dispositions for personality disorders were characterized with distinct empathy traits (e.g., histrionic with high fantasy, and paranoid with low perspective-taking). These findings may have both theoretical and practical implications in capturing potential for personality disorders with ease and efficiency. © 2017, Copyright © International Test Commission.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017. Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 141-157
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11595DOI: 10.1080/15305058.2017.1279164ISI: 000402241300003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85011277383OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11595DiVA, id: diva2:1143172
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-09-20 Laget: 2017-09-20 Sist oppdatert: 2019-05-23bibliografisk kontrollert

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Kajonius, PetriDåderman, Anna Maria

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