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Conceptualizing the Essence of Presence in Distance Education through Digital Dasein
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik. (LINA)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1202-9797
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik. (LINA)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3074-5682
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal on E-learning, ISSN 1537-2456, E-ISSN 1943-5932, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 149-173Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Abstract: In order to learn, presence is necessary. If we experience a genuinely rich presence, exams, tests and other forms of evaluating knowledge are not crucial for learning. In distance learning, the concept of presence is not obvious. Presence in distance and network contexts usually means being active on social media. However, in distance and network learning, something more is needed. It is the face-to-face interaction that needs to be "digitalized". In order to investigate this, we have turned to Heidegger (1927) and the concept of Dasein. The concept of Dasein means to apprehend the existence of the world and not only the world itself. Digital Dasein means to transcend the digital medium and reveal the essence of presence for a more translucent form of e-learning. The need for an artefact mediating Digital Dasein has been identified.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2017. Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 149-173
Emneord [en]
E-learning, distance education, Digital Dasein
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Informatik; Arbetsintegrerat lärande
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11006DiVA, id: diva2:1109681
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-06-14 Laget: 2017-06-14 Sist oppdatert: 2018-04-16bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Designing for Adaptable Learning
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Designing for Adaptable Learning
2018 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

The research in this thesis emphasizes the endeavor of designing for adaptable learning. Designing for adaptable learning is understood as an overall response to designing for integration work. Designing for integration work is thus classified as a special case of designing for adaptable learning. Integration work in this research is understood as a professional practice that aims to improve and support the integration process of newly arrived immigrants (referred to as newcomers) in society. As professional practitioners of integration work, integration workers face daily challenges that are wicked by nature. In order to understand and problematize these challenges, the empirical work of this research was organized and performed within a case of digitalizing the civic orientation program in Sweden. The civic orientation program is a special case of integration work in Sweden, where integration workers organize and provide civic orientation to newcomers in Sweden. Different groups of newcomers are subsequently participating in a required 60 hours of civic orientation and are provided sessions through their native language. The integration workers are responsible for organizing and performing civic orientation through a dynamic process of dialogues, exercises, and more. Integration work as a practice, however, does not incorporate a standardized knowledge base, which provides integration workers a unified way of organizing and performing civic orientation. Instead, different counties and municipalities in Sweden organize and perform civic orientation in various ways. Furthermore, due to the extreme heterogeneity among newcomers as participants in civic orientation, the integration workers are forced to adapt. In turn, the integration workers themselves are heterogeneous due to their different roles, areas of responsibilities, and more essentially, worldviews. In order to understand and problematize the aspects of designing for integration work, an explorative approach was adopted through three consecutive cycles of Action Design Research. The cycles were performed from 2013 until completion of this thesis. The thesis was subsequently governed through three research questions: (1) How to design for integration work? (2)What makes designing for integration work significant? (3) Why do design for integration work? There search questions were addressed and answered through a body of produced knowledge that captures and provides the essential contributions of the thesis. The contributions of the thesis highlight different aspects of designing for integration work, as a special case of designing for adaptable learning. Thus, the contributions are presented and discussed with an explicit bearing toward designing for adaptable learning,as the general class of problems and solutions of this research. The contributions are consequently provided through: (1) an ensemble artifact that is termed a digital platform for civic orientation; (2) an Information Systems Design Theory for adaptable e-learning; (3) a design research methodology that incorporates work-integrated learning; (4) the meta-design of an open learning platform that supports the social integration of newcomers in society; and (5) a philosophical concept that problematizes and conceptualizes the essence of presence in e-learning. Ultimately, the research contributes to the research domains of information systems and work-integrated learning, by providing findings that problematize core aspects of designing for adaptable learning. Furthermore, the thesis extensively discusses the findings of this research by emphasizing a philosophical perspective toward core aspects of the research contributions. Finally, the thesis concludes with a set of limitations of the current research and a brief discussion about potential endeavours of future research.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Trollhättan: University West, 2018. s. 108
Serie
PhD Thesis: University West ; 17
Emneord
Design, action design research, design science research, information systems, integration work, civic orientation, work-integrated learning, e-learning, adaptable learning
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Arbetsintegrerat lärande; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Informatik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12253 (URN)978-91-87531-84-2 (ISBN)978-91-87531-83-5 (ISBN)
Disputas
2018-05-28, Albertsalen, Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan, 13:00 (engelsk)
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-04-20 Laget: 2018-04-16 Sist oppdatert: 2018-04-25

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