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International Anarchy & the American Leviathan: A study in the moral and empirical applications of Hobbes’ concept of anarchy to American Foreign policy
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
2019 (engelsk)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
Abstract [en]

The current president of the United States, Donald Trump, has been identified as the reason for a large shift in American foreign policy towards a doctrine closer to that of political realism. This claim has led us to examine if this transformation could be detected and described if we analyzed and compared Trump’s foreign policy doctrine with his predecessor, Barack Obama, through the lens Thomas Hobbes, whose ideas are at the core of the three modern schools of political realism. Accordingly, in this thesis, we deduce an analytical framework from the original corpus of Hobbes, where anarchy is divided into moral and empirical variables, identified as the primary factors for behavior in international settings. This is then applied inductively via a comparative qualitative content analysis to two primary documents, the National Security Strategies of 2010 containing the foreign policy doctrine of Obama, and the National Security Strategy of 2017 containing the doctrine of Trump. Our thesis shows a large shift in how the Presidents view the world in moral terms, or how they see it fit for the American executive to act on the international stage. And a relatively minor shift in empirical terms, or their perception of the foundational reality of the world system which they both consider to be of an anarchical nature closely connected to the theoretical model presented by our interpretation of Hobbes

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2019. , s. 51
Emneord [en]
Thomas Hobbes, American Foreign Policy, Political Thought, International Relations, Realism, National Security Strategy, International Morality, Anarchy, Donald Trump, Barack Obama
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14093Lokal ID: EIS501OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14093DiVA, id: diva2:1337013
Fag / kurs
Political science
Utdanningsprogram
International Programme in Politics and Economics
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Examiner
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-07-23 Laget: 2019-07-11 Sist oppdatert: 2019-07-23bibliografisk kontrollert

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