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Personlighetsdrag och digitala möten: En kvantitativ studie om hur individens personlighet speglas i digitala möten
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Personality traits and digital meetings : A quantitative method about how personality reflects in digital meetings (English)
Abstract [sv]

Som en konsekvens av covid-19 har fysiska möten blivit ersatta med digitala möten. Företag har insett stora fördelar med digitala möten och distansarbete kan därmed fortsätta till viss del efter pandemin. Digitala möten innebär att människor interagerar bakom en skärm, där andra beteenden kan uppstå i jämförelse med fysiska möten. Vidare har tidigare forskning visat att personlighetsdrag är en god prediktor för beteenden. Det fanns begränsad forskning inom området, därför hade studien ett explorativt syfte att undersöka förhållandet mellan personlighetsdrag och individens beteende vid digitala möten. En kvantitativ metod användes, där studien bestod av totalt 167 deltagare (M = 41 år, SD = 13 år; 131 kvinnor). För att samla in data gjordes en internetbaserad enkät med självskattade påståenden. Enkäten byggde på påståenden utifrån personlighetstestet IPIP-30 och egna utformade påståenden. De avsåg att mäta personlighetsdragen i femfaktormodellen och en individs beteende vid digitala möten. Materialet analyserades genom en korrelationsanalys och multipla regressionsanalyser. Vår studie visade att det fanns ett förhållande mellan personlighetsdrag och beteenden vid digitala möten. Resultatet bidrog därav till en ökad förståelse om individuella skillnader vid digitala möten. Vidare för en mer ingående beskrivning av förhållandet rekommenderas att fler studier utförs och mätinstrument vidareutvecklas. Personlighetsdraget samvetsgrannhet hade störst betydelse för specifika beteenden vid digitala möten och uppvisade positiva samband till ett flertal beteenden. Det innebär att ju högre grad av personlighetsdraget samvetsgrannhet individer har, desto mer tenderar individer att hålla med om specifika beteenden vid digitala möten. 

Abstract [en]

Because of covid-19 physical meetings have been replaced with digital meetings. Companies have perceived great advantage with digital meetings and teleworking may therefore continue partially after the pandemic. At digital meetings peoplecommunicate behind a screen and other behaviors may arise in comparison with physical meetings. Previous research has shown that personality traits are a good predictor for behaviors. There was limited research in the field, therefore the study had an exploratory purpose where the relationship between personality traits and individual behaviors at digital meetings were investigated. A quantitative method was used, and a total of 167 people participated in the study (M = 41 years, SD = 13; 131 women). To collect data an internet-based survey was made with self-rated questionnaires. The survey was based on the personality test IPIP-30 and self-designed statements, intended to measure the personality traits in The Big Five and individual behaviors at digital meetings. The data collection was analyzed through a correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. Our study showed that there was a relationship between personality traits and behaviors at digital meetings and contributed to an increased knowledge of individual differences. For a deeper understanding of the relationship, more studies need to be accomplished and the instrument needs further development. The personality trait conscientiousness had the most meaningful impact of specific behaviors at digital meetings and showed positive correlation with several behaviors. This means that the higher value the individuals have of the personality trait conscientiousness, the more they tend to agree with specific behaviors at digital meetings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
personality, The Big Five, digital meetings, individual behaviors, teleworking
Keywords [sv]
personlighet, femfaktormodellen, digitala möten, datormedierad kommunikation, individuella beteenden
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-16756Local ID: EXM540OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-16756DiVA, id: diva2:1581352
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-08-17 Created: 2021-07-21 Last updated: 2021-08-23Bibliographically approved

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