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En kvalitativ studie om den upplevda motivationen bland tjejer till att utöva idrott
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A qualitative study of what girls find as motivation, by experience, to practice sport (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sverige ligger i framkant när det gäller medlemsantalet i idrotts-och motionsföreningar samt jämställdhetsarbetet i förhållande till andra europeiska länder. Svenska tjejer i åldern 16–18 år ägnar sig åt fysisk aktivitet i mindre omfattning till skillnad från killarna.

Syftet med studien var att få djupare förståelse och kunskap för vad som motiverar tjejer i åldrarna 16–18 år som idrottar regelbundet till att utöva idrott. Studien utgick ifrån självbestämmandeteori av Deci och Ryan.

Det genomfördes åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer med en tillhörande intervjuguide och urvalet var idrottande tjejer i den nämnda åldern. Dataanalysen genomfördes genom en tematisk analys.

Resultatet delades in i tre huvudteman som beskrev vad som motiverar tjejer till att utöva idrott: Jämförelse och positionering, den sociala interaktionens inverkan och medvetna inre positiva affektiva reaktioner. Resultatet diskuteras utifrån inre- och yttre motivation och de psykologiska behoven. Studien kan tillföra kunskap och förståelse för vad tjejer motiveras av inom idrottsutövandet.

Abstract [en]

Sweden is at the forefront when it comes to the number of members in sports- and exercise associations and the gender equality work in relation to other European countries. Swedish girls at the age of 16–18 engage in physical activity to a lesser extent, unlike boys.

The purpose of the study’s was to gain a deeper understanding and knowledge of what motivates girls at the ages of 16–18 to practice sports regularly. The study was based on the theory of self-determination by Deci and Ryan.

Eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with an interview guide and the sample was sports girls at the said age. The data analysis was carried out through a thematic analysis.

The results were divided into three main themes that described what motivates girls to play sports: Comparison and positioning, the impact of social interaction and conscious inner positive affective reactions. The results are based on discussions around internal and external motivation and the psychological needs. The study can add knowledge and understanding of the motivated factors for girls to do sports.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
Self-determination theory, girls, sports, motivation
Keywords [sv]
Självbestämmandeteori, tjejer, idrott, motivation
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-16279Local ID: EXP301OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-16279DiVA, id: diva2:1527675
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-02-15 Created: 2021-02-11 Last updated: 2021-02-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Output format
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