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Differences in parents' and adolescents' reports on parental knowledge and longitudinal associations to adolescents' psychological problems
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden. (BUV)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2998-7289
Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Healthy parent-adolescent relationships are central for positive adolescent development. However, parents and their adolescentchildren often perceive the aspects of their relationship differently. This could stem from underlying problems in parentadolescent relationship, which in turn is related to poor adolescent behavior or health. In this study, we investigate in what waydisagreement between parents' and adolescent reports on adolescent disclosure, parental solicitation, control and knowledgeare longitudinally related with psychological problems (internalizing and externalizing) and well-being in adolescence.Data from matching parent and child dyads (n=477), from the research program LoRDIA were included. The adolescents' meanage was 13.0 years (SD = 0.56) at T1 and 14.30 years (SD = 0.61) at T2, evenly distributed between boys (51.6%) and girls (48.4%)at baseline. Discrepancy score was calculated by subtracting child's score from the parent's score, meaning that higher scoreindicated that a parent responded with a higher number than the child.Structural analyses showed that higher levels of adolescent disclosure discrepancy were related to higher levels of adolescentinternalizing problems and lower levels of adolescent well-being over time. Higher levels of parental solicitation discrepancywere related to higher levels of adolescent externalizing problems over time and lower levels of well-being. Parental controldiscrepancy was related to lower levels of externalizing and internalizing problems at T1. Parental knowledge discrepancy wasrelated to higher levels of adolescent well-being over time and to higher levels of adolescent externalizing problems at T1.Discrepancies in parents' and adolescents' reports of aspects in their relationship matter in terms of healthy adolescentdevelopment. Adolescent healthy development is harmed when parents overestimate the level of knowledge of adolescentwhereabouts and parent-adolescent communication. However, when parents rate their behavioral control higher than theiradolescents, the adolescents tend to show less psychological problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Parents, adolescence, psychological problems
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Applied Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14807OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-14807DiVA, id: diva2:1381710
Conference
ECDP - European conference on developmental psychology- Aten, Grekland 29/8- 1/9 2019
Note

 Longitudinal Research on Development in Adolescence (LoRDIA)

Available from: 2019-12-27 Created: 2019-12-27 Last updated: 2020-01-27Bibliographically approved

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Kapetanovic, Sabina

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