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Arya, P. K., Jain, N. K., Sathiaraj, D. & Patel, V. (2024). Development of high strength and lightweight Ti6Al4V5Cr alloy: Microstructure and mechanical characteristics. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 28, 3526-3540
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of high strength and lightweight Ti6Al4V5Cr alloy: Microstructure and mechanical characteristics
2024 (English)In: Journal of Materials Research and Technology, ISSN 2238-7854, Vol. 28, p. 3526-3540Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explains development of high strength and lightweight Ti6Al4V5Cr alloy by μ-plasma powder additive manufacturing (μ-PPAM) process for automotive, aerospace, military, dies and moulds, and other similar applications. Microstructure, formation of phases, porosity, microhardness, tensile properties, abrasion resistance, and fracture toughness of multi-layer deposition of Ti6Al4V5Cr alloy are studied and compared with Ti6Al4V alloy. Results reveal that the presence of chromium in Ti6Al4V5Cr alloy refined the grains of its β-Ti and α-Ti phases, increased volume % of β-Ti phase, and promoted formation of its equiaxed grains. It also increased tensile strength, microhardness, abrasion resistance, and fracture toughness of Ti6Al4V5Cr alloy. It enhanced solid solution strengthening and formed higher hardness imparting intermetallic Cr2Ti phase and changed fracture mode to mixed ductile and brittle mode with larger size dimples, cleavage facets, and micropores. But it decreased formation temperature of β-Ti phase and % elongation as compared to Ti6Al4V alloy. Chromium and vanadium content in β-Ti phase of Ti6Al4V5Cr alloy is 7 % and 2.1 % more than its α-Ti phase. This study demonstrates that inclusion of limited amount of chromium content to Ti6Al4V5Cr alloy by μ-PPAM process is very beneficial to enhance microstructure, mechanical properties, crack propagation resistance, and abrasive wear resistance of the Ti6Al4V5Cr alloy. It makes Ti6Al4V5Cr alloy very useful in many commercial applications that require higher strength than Ti6Al4V alloy along with lightweight requirement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Editora Ltda, 2024
Keywords
3D printing; Abrasion; Additives; Aluminum alloys; Binary alloys; Brittle fracture; Chromium alloys; Ductile fracture; Fracture toughness; High strength alloys; Microhardness; Military applications; Tensile strength; Ternary alloys; Textures; Vanadium alloys; Wear resistance; Additive manufacturing process; Alloy microstructure; Chromium contents; High-strength; Microstructure characteristics; Thermo-calc simulation; Thermocalc; Ti-6Al-4V alloy; Α-ti and β-ti phase; Μ-plasma powder additive manufacturing; Titanium alloys
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Research subject
Production Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-21217 (URN)10.1016/j.jmrt.2023.12.271 (DOI)001154921000001 ()2-s2.0-85181731774 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC-BY 4.0

Available from: 2024-03-04 Created: 2024-03-04 Last updated: 2024-03-04
Chaudhari, R., Khanna, S., Vora, J. & Patel, V. (2024). Experimental investigations on microstructure and mechanical properties of wall structure of SS309L using wire-arc additive manufacturing. Journal of Advanced Joining Processes, 9, Article ID 100172.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experimental investigations on microstructure and mechanical properties of wall structure of SS309L using wire-arc additive manufacturing
2024 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Joining Processes, ISSN 2666-3309, Vol. 9, article id 100172Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In present study, a wall structure of SS309L was constructed through Gas metal arc welding based Wire-arc additive manufacturing process. The wall structure of SS309L underwent investigation for microstructure and mechanical properties at three positions along the horizontal deposition direction. Mechanical assessments, including microhardness testing, impact testing, tensile testing, and fractography, were conducted at three positions of walls. Microstructure study has shown a fine granular structure in addition to colony of columnar dendrites in bottom section, a columnar dendrites in middle section, and a mix of dendritic structure with even coarser structures in top section. The mean microhardness values were observed to be 159 ± 4.21 HV, 162 ± 3.89 HV, and 168 ± 5.34 HV for the top, middle, and bottom sections, respectively. Results of impact testing for the wall structure indicated greater strength compared to wrought SS309L. The tensile strength of the built structure showed average values of yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, and elongation to be 409.33 ± 7.66 MPa, 556.66 ± 6.33 MPa, and 39.66 ± 2.33 %, respectively. In comparison, wrought 309 L steel typically exhibits tensile strengths in the range of 360–480 MPa for yield strength, 530–650 MPa for ultimate tensile strength, and 35–45 % elongation. Thus, the obtained tensile strength results for the wall structure fall within the range of tensile strength observed in wrought 309 L steel. Fractography of the tensile and impact specimens, as obtained through Scanning Electron Microscopy, revealed the superior ductility of the fabricated component. This study contributes valuable insights into the manufacturing of wall structure and their analysis regarding mechanical characteristics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2024
Keywords
Wire-arc additive manufacturing (WAAM), SS309L, Mechanical properties, Wall Structure, Microstructure, GMAW
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Production Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-21221 (URN)10.1016/j.jajp.2023.100172 (DOI)001160731000001 ()2-s2.0-85181695435 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC-BY 4.0

Available from: 2024-03-04 Created: 2024-03-04 Last updated: 2024-03-04
Chaudhary, B., Patel, M., Jain, N. K., Murugesan, J. & Patel, V. (2024). Progress in solid-state additive manufacturing of composites. In: Amlan Kar, Zafar Alam (Ed.), Solid State Additive Manufacturing: (pp. 127-168). Taylor & Francis Group
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Progress in solid-state additive manufacturing of composites
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2024 (English)In: Solid State Additive Manufacturing / [ed] Amlan Kar, Zafar Alam, Taylor & Francis Group, 2024, p. 127-168Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Aluminum-based metal matrix composites have a wide range of applications in the automotive and aerospace industries due to their high strength-to-weight ratio. They are difficult to manufacture using fusion-based additive manufacturing (FBAM) processes because of solidification problems such as thermal stresses, hot cracks and porosity. Moreover, the formation of undesired phases at high temperature creates anisotropy in the composites. To overcome these problems, promising solid-state additive manufacturing (SSAM) processes such as ultrasonic AM, cold-spray AM, friction stir AM, and additive friction stir deposition have been developed. These solid-state processes introduce a novel concept for AM where material is added layer by layer in the solid state by maintaining the maximum temperature below the melting point of feedstock material. These processes have demonstrated the uniform distribution of reinforcing particles, fine-grained microstructure along with good bonding of layers which can offer improved scope for Industry 4.0 applications. This chapter summarizes progress in the SSAM of composites with an emphasis on aluminum-based composites. In addition, various challenges and future work have been briefly discussed which would be helpful to the researchers and industrialist working in the field of SSAM of composites.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2024
Keywords
additive manufacturing
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Production Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-21033 (URN)10.1201/9781032616025-5 (DOI)2-s2.0-85176823344 (Scopus ID)9781032616025 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-12-27 Created: 2023-12-27 Last updated: 2024-03-15Bibliographically approved
Chaudhari, R., Bhatt, R., Vaghasia, V., Raja, B. D., Patel, V. K., Khanna, S., . . . Patel, V. K. (2023). A parametric study and experimental investigations of microstructure and mechanical properties of multi-layered structure of metal core wire using wire arc additive manufacturing. Journal of Advanced Joining Processes, 8, Article ID 100160.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A parametric study and experimental investigations of microstructure and mechanical properties of multi-layered structure of metal core wire using wire arc additive manufacturing
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2023 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Joining Processes, ISSN 2666-3309, Vol. 8, article id 100160Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present study, the Gas metal arc welding (GMAW) based Wire-arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) process was preferred for the fabrication of multi-layered structures and their investigations of mechanical properties on metal core wire. Based on literature work, preliminary trials, machine limits, travel speed (TS), voltage (V), and gas mixture ratio (GMR) were identified as machining parameters along with output factors of bead width (BW), bead height (BH), and depth-of-penetration (DOP). Experiments were conducted by following the Box-Behnken design. The feasibility of the generated non-linear regression models has been validated through the statistical analysis of variance and residual plots. The multi-layered structure has been successfully fabricated at the optimized parametric settings of TS at 24 mm/s; the voltage at 24 V, and GMR at 1 which was obtained through the heat transfer search (HTS) algorithm. The fabricated structure was observed to be uniform. The structure exhibited uniform bead-on-bead deposition for the deposited layers. The fabricated multi-layered structure underwent a detailed microstructural and mechanical examinations. Microstructural examination revealed dense needles at the bottom section of the structure as compared to the top section, as the bottom section undergoes multiple heating and cooling cycles. When comparing the multilayer structure to the metal core wire, all the properties exhibited favorable tensile characteristics. The obtained strength from the impact test results highlights the impressive ductility of the multi-layer deposition. Fractography of tensile and impact test specimens has shown the occurrences of larger dimples and suggested a ductile fracture. Lastly, the hardness value in all the sections of the built structure was observed to be uniform, suggesting uniform deposition across the built multi-layer structure. The authors consider the current work will be highly beneficial for users in fabricating multi-layer structures at optimized parametric settings and their investigations for mechanical properties for metal core wire.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023
Keywords
Metal-cored wire; Gas metal arc welding (GMAW); Additive manufacturing (AM); Wire-arc additive manufacturing (WAAM); Optimization; Multi-layer structure
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-21194 (URN)10.1016/j.jajp.2023.100160 (DOI)001101476300001 ()2-s2.0-85174575300 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC BY 4.0

Available from: 2024-01-19 Created: 2024-01-19 Last updated: 2024-01-19Bibliographically approved
Bates, W. P., Patel, V., Rana, H., Andersson, J., De Backer, J., Igestrand, M. & Fratini, L. (2023). Correction to: Properties Augmentation of Cast Hypereutectic Al–Si Alloy Through Friction Stir Processing (Metals and Materials International, (2022), 10.1007/s12540-022-01207-7). Metals and Materials International, 29, Article ID 876.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Correction to: Properties Augmentation of Cast Hypereutectic Al–Si Alloy Through Friction Stir Processing (Metals and Materials International, (2022), 10.1007/s12540-022-01207-7)
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2023 (English)In: Metals and Materials International, ISSN 1598-9623, E-ISSN 2005-4149, Vol. 29, article id 876Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The graphic abstract was missing from this article and it has been given in this correction. The original article has been corrected. © 2022, The Author(s) under exclusive licence to The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Korean Institute of Metals and Materials, 2023
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Production Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-19592 (URN)10.1007/s12540-022-01270-0 (DOI)000907819300001 ()2-s2.0-85145551150 (Scopus ID)
Note

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Available from: 2023-09-13 Created: 2023-09-13 Last updated: 2024-02-15
Parikh, V. K., Patel, V., Pandya, D. P. & Andersson, J. (2023). Current status on manufacturing routes to produce metal matrix composites: State-of-the-art. Heliyon, 9(2), Article ID e13558.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Current status on manufacturing routes to produce metal matrix composites: State-of-the-art
2023 (English)In: Heliyon, E-ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 9, no 2, article id e13558Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Owing to its excellent properties, Metal Matrix Composites (MMC) has gained popularity and finds application in aerospace, aircraft, shipbuilding, biomedical, biodegradable implant materials and many more. To serve the industrial needs, the manufactured MMC should have homogenous distribution along with minimum agglomeration of reinforcement particles, defect-free microstructure, superior mechanical, tribological and corrosive properties. The techniques implemented to manufacture MMC highly dominate the aforementioned characteristics. According to the physical state of the matrix, the techniques implemented for manufacturing MMC can be classified under two categories i.e. solid state processing and liquid state process. The present article attempts to review the current status of different manufacturing techniques covered under these two categories. The article elaborates on the working principles of state-of-the-art manufacturing techniques, the effect of dominating process parameters and the resulting characteristic of composites. Apart from this, the article does provide data regarding the range of dominating process parameters and resulting mechanical properties of different grades of manufactured MMC. Using this data along with the comparative study, various industries and academicians will be able to select the appropriate techniques for manufacturing MMC.

Keywords
Functionally graded material (FGM), Manufacturing techniques, Mechanical properties, Metal matrix composites (MMC), Microstructure, Tribological properties
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Production Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-19813 (URN)10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e13558 (DOI)001024084100001 ()36846686 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85150374972 (Scopus ID)
Note

 This is an open access article under the CC BY license

Available from: 2023-09-13 Created: 2023-09-13 Last updated: 2024-01-04Bibliographically approved
Baghdadchi, A., Patel, V., Li, W., Yang, X. & Andersson, J. (2023). Ductilization and grain refinement of AA7075-T651 alloy via stationary shoulder friction stir processing. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 27, 5360-5367
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ductilization and grain refinement of AA7075-T651 alloy via stationary shoulder friction stir processing
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2023 (English)In: Journal of Materials Research and Technology, ISSN 2238-7854, Vol. 27, p. 5360-5367Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the microstructural evolution, mechanical properties, and fracture behavior of AA7075-T651 aluminium alloy subjected to stationary shoulder friction stir processing (SSFSP). SSFSP samples were produced at three different rotational speeds in a range of 600–1000 rpm. The results reveal that SSFSP leads to a uniform grain refinement within the Stir Zone (SZ), reducing the grain size to approximately 2–3 μm from the initial 15 μm in the base material (BM) irrespective of the probe rotational speeds. After SSFSP, the elongation increased by over 50 % at the cost of 10 % reduction in the ultimate tensile strength for all samples. It was worth to note that variations in tool rotational speed exhibited minimal influence on the microstructure and mechanical properties, offering wide range of probe rotational speeds. This could be attributed to the use of non-rotating shoulder with prob dominated microstructure in the SZ. Fractographic analysis confirmed the ductile nature of fractures, revealing development of fine dimples due to grain refinement. This work underscores the effectiveness of SSFSP in achieving significant grain refinement followed by drastic increase in ductility, which offers valuable insights for using stationary shoulder at wider range of rotational speed.

Keywords
Aluminium alloy, Friction stir processing, Stationary shoulder, Mechanical properties, Grain size
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Production Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-21002 (URN)10.1016/j.jmrt.2023.11.041 (DOI)001115512600001 ()2-s2.0-85178958390 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC-BY 4.0

The authors would like to thank for the financial support from the funded project by Postdoctoral Science Foundation China [2019M663815].

Available from: 2023-11-24 Created: 2023-11-24 Last updated: 2024-01-05Bibliographically approved
Chaudhary, B., Jain, N. K., Murugesan, J. & Patel, V. (2023). Friction stir powder additive manufacturing of Al 6061 alloy: Enhancing microstructure and mechanical properties by reducing thermal gradient. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 26, 1168-1184
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Friction stir powder additive manufacturing of Al 6061 alloy: Enhancing microstructure and mechanical properties by reducing thermal gradient
2023 (English)In: Journal of Materials Research and Technology, ISSN 2238-7854, Vol. 26, p. 1168-1184Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Additive manufacturing of Al alloys by fusion-based processes often leads to higher thermal gradients along the build direction resulting in anisotropy, and solidification-related defects such as porosity, hot-cracking, and lack of inter and intra-layer fusion. Therefore, this paper focuses on solid state multi-layer manufacturing of Al 6061 alloy by friction stir powder additive manufacturing (FSPAM) process and enhancing its microstructure and mechanical properties through reduction of thermal gradient along the build direction by maintaining the substrate close to its artificial aging temperature using external heat source in a close-loop with it. The continuous dynamic recrystallization along with reduced thermal gradient led to homogenous microstructure, fine and equiaxed grains of Al 6061 alloy multi-layer deposition. The inherent compressive forces in FSPAM process promoted intimate contact among the powder particles presenting 0.19% porosity. Energy dispersive spectroscopy showed absence of agglomeration of alloying elements due to better mixing of feedstock material beneath the tool. Phase analysis revealed presence of Al and hardening phase Mg2Si with slight shifting of peaks towards higher angle indicating compressive residual stresses. Tensile properties and microhardness of Al 6061 alloy are closer to AA6061-T4 and better than AA6061-O alloy. Reduced thermal gradient contributed to minimal variations in microhardness (8.8%) along the build direction. Fracture morphology analysis exhibited a significant number of dimples indicating ductile nature of Al 6061 alloy with 16.7% elongation. The study presented a new approach for manufacturing Al alloys using their feedstock in powder form and with improved microstructure and mechanical properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023
Keywords
Friction stir powder additive, manufacturing, Al 6061 alloy, Thermal gradient, Dynamic recrystallization, In-situ substrate temperature, monitoring
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Production Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20712 (URN)10.1016/j.jmrt.2023.07.270 (DOI)001069584900001 ()2-s2.0-85166934122 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC BY 4.0

Authors acknowledge Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), Govt. of India, for their financial assistance through Project File No. SRG/2019/002353. The first author expresses his gratitude towards Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India, for funding him as DST-INSPIRE Research Fellow (IF190359) to pursue this research work.

Available from: 2023-09-20 Created: 2023-09-20 Last updated: 2024-01-08Bibliographically approved
Chaudhary, B., Patel, M., Jain, N. K., Murugesan, J. & Patel, V. (2023). Friction stir powder additive manufacturing of Al 6061/FeCoNi and Al 6061/Ni metal matrix composites: Reinforcement distribution, microstructure, residual stresses, and mechanical properties. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 319, Article ID 118061.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Friction stir powder additive manufacturing of Al 6061/FeCoNi and Al 6061/Ni metal matrix composites: Reinforcement distribution, microstructure, residual stresses, and mechanical properties
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2023 (English)In: Journal of Materials Processing Technology, ISSN 0924-0136, E-ISSN 1873-4774, Vol. 319, article id 118061Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Fusion based additive manufacturing (FBAM) of second, sixth, and seventh series Al alloys and their metal matrix composites (MMC) is difficult due to their higher thermal conductivity and solidification related problems namely porosity, cracks, thermal distortion, and formation of undesired phases. This paper presents friction stir powder additive manufacturing (FSPAM) process as a promising alternative to overcome these problems in producing multi-layer depositions of Al 6061 based MMCs namely Al 6061/6wt%FeCoNi and Al 6061/6wt%Ni. Their microstructure, distribution and elemental mapping of reinforcement particles, phase analysis, residual stresses of the MMCs and their correlation with microhardness, tensile strength, and fretting wear characteristics are investigated. Material accumulation on their advancing side was minimized by changing tool rotation direction in consecutive layers which produced smoother surfaces on both sides of their deposition. FSPAM made multi-layer depositions of Al 6061/FeCoNi and Al 6061/Ni MMCs have uniform distribution of reinforcement particles, good bonding between layers without cracks and defects, refined and equiaxed grains facilitated by dynamic recrystallization and pinning effect of reinforcement particles, compressive residual stresses of 39 and 48 MPa, no formation of deleterious intermetallic compounds due to absence of melting of matrix and reinforcement, and bowl-shaped substrate-deposition interface. Microhardness and ultimate tensile strength of the MMCs improved by 11.3% and 22.3%, and 30.5% and 31.5% respectively than Al 6061 alloy depositions, their wear resistance enhanced significantly, but % elongation reduced. This study proves FSPAM to be a potential alternative to FBAM processes for better quality multi-layer deposition of Al alloy-based MMCs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023
Keywords
additive manufactoring (FBAM), metal matrix composites (MMC), thermal distortion
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Production Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20295 (URN)10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2023.118061 (DOI)001148317700001 ()2-s2.0-85161997233 (Scopus ID)
Note

Authors acknowledge Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), Govt. of India, for their financial assistance through Project File No. SRG/2019/002353. The first author wishes to thank Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India, for funding him as DST-INSPIRE Research Fellow (IF190359).

Available from: 2023-07-04 Created: 2023-07-04 Last updated: 2024-04-12Bibliographically approved
Harwani, D., Badheka, V. & Patel, V. (2023). High temperature tensile deformation in single-pass friction stirred AZ31 alloy. International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, 6(1), 140-148
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High temperature tensile deformation in single-pass friction stirred AZ31 alloy
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, ISSN 2589-7225, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 140-148Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study has expounded the effect of high temperatures on the tensile deformation of AZ31 magnesium alloy processed through a single-pass of friction stir processing (FSP). The major operation parameters, namely rotation speed and traverse speed of the FSP tool, were varied which led to extensive dynamic recrystallization (DRX) in the stir zone (SZ) engendering maximum grain refinement of about 63% as compared to the base metal. The lowest average grain size ∼ 5.66 μm was attained after a single FSP pass. Optical microscopy (OM) was followed by the uniaxial tensile tests at three different temperatures of 350, 400 and 450 ºC at a constant strain rate of 1.3 × 10−3/s. As the deformation temperature was raised, the flow stress reduced and led to appreciable increments in the processed material’s tensile elongations. The maximal elongation to fracture of 160% was observed in the friction stir processed (FSPed) sample possessing the finest grains. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KeAi Publishing Communications Ltd., 2023
Keywords
Dynamic recrystallization; Elongation; Friction; Friction stir welding; Grain refinement; Grain size and shape; Magnesium alloys; Tensile testing; AZ31 alloy; AZ31 magnesium alloy; Friction stir processing; High-temperature tensile; Highest temperature; Operation parameters; Refinement; Rotation speed; Single pass; Tensile deformation; Strain rate
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Production Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-19291 (URN)10.1016/j.ijlmm.2022.09.003 (DOI)2-s2.0-85138794740 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

The authors gratefully acknowledge the relevant assistance and valuable guidance provided throughout the experimental and testing phase under the sponsored project of ISRO (E33011/60/2010-V) by the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pandit Deendayal Energy University (formerly known as Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University), Gujarat, India.

Available from: 2022-12-20 Created: 2022-12-20 Last updated: 2024-01-08Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9015-7372

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