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Arghavan Shahlaei, CharlotteORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1424-8651
Publications (5 of 5) Show all publications
Lundh Snis, U., Arghavan Shahlaei, C. & Hattinger, M. (2019). Knowing the Practice of Industry 4.0 Through Industrial Work-integrated Learning. In: Book of abstracts: 11th International Conference on Research Work & Learning (RWL11). Paper presented at 11th International Conference on Research Work & Learning (RWL11), (pp. 72-73).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Knowing the Practice of Industry 4.0 Through Industrial Work-integrated Learning
2019 (English)In: Book of abstracts: 11th International Conference on Research Work & Learning (RWL11), 2019, p. 72-73Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this article we analyze three manufacturing organizations' manifested expressions of different workplace initiatives related to industry 4.0. Key representatives in these organizations raise their concerns regarding changed content and forms of work as an answer to increased automation and digitalization. The wave of industry 4.0 includes smarter industrial solutions such as internet-based networks so that organizations can use connectivity of machines that can tie product development and continuous data productionwith the factory environment in new ways. Hence, the industrial work environment is under restructuring and industrial companies' work conditions are being transformed. In this article we ask the question: How do industry practitioners that currently are engaged in the transformation processes related to industry 4.0 initiatives perceive their work? Based on interviews with key representatives of three global manufacturing companies we will discuss 73 implications for industrial work-integrated learning (I-WIL) that takes into account the companies' transformative need to rethink their industrial operations and learning mindsets. We found that the introduction of disruptive digital technologies drastically changes the companies' operations. Leaders' management needs to be synchronized with practitioners' new work situations and their learning opportunities.

Keywords
industrial work-integrated learning, industry 4.0, manufacturing industry, sociomateriality, work transformations
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning; Production Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15026 (URN)
Conference
11th International Conference on Research Work & Learning (RWL11),
Available from: 2020-03-02 Created: 2020-03-02 Last updated: 2020-03-04Bibliographically approved
Norström, L., Arghavan Shahlaei, C., Johansson, L.-O., Islind, A. S. & Lundh Snis, U. (2019). New Logics of Ethics in the Age of Digital Platforms: Design Fictions of Autonomous Cars. In: Proceedings of the 17th European Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work-Demos and Posters: . Paper presented at 17th European Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work-Demos and Posters, 8 - 12 June 2019, Salzburg, Austria. European Society for Socially Embedded Technologies (EUSSET), 3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New Logics of Ethics in the Age of Digital Platforms: Design Fictions of Autonomous Cars
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2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 17th European Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work-Demos and Posters, European Society for Socially Embedded Technologies (EUSSET) , 2019, Vol. 3Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Autonomous cars are the first major examples of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in everyday life. When cars are transformed into platforms,new service relationships emerge between car companies and the car users. These relationships generate gains and catches for both parts related to how physical and non-physical resources are exchanged in the sharing economy; how integrity is negotiated; and how responsibility is delegated when AI enables the car to take over most of the driving. With a "car as a platform approach", in this paper, we present a design fiction on ethical implications for citizens' daily lives with autonomous cars

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
European Society for Socially Embedded Technologies (EUSSET), 2019
Series
Reports of the European Society for Socially Embedded Technologies, ISSN 2510-2591 ; 2
Keywords
Autonomous Cars, Digital platforms
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Software Engineering
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics; Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14562 (URN)10.18420/ecscw2019_p08 (DOI)
Conference
17th European Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work-Demos and Posters, 8 - 12 June 2019, Salzburg, Austria
Available from: 2019-10-14 Created: 2019-10-14 Last updated: 2019-10-30Bibliographically approved
Arghavan Shahlaei, C., Lundh Snis, U. & Stenmark, D. (2019). Organizing in the age of digital product platforms: The work of integrated vehicle control engineers. Paper presented at 5th International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS Development, STPIS 2019; Stockholm; Sweden; 10 June 2019. CEUR Workshop Proceedings, 2398, 17-25
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Organizing in the age of digital product platforms: The work of integrated vehicle control engineers
2019 (English)In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, ISSN 1613-0073, E-ISSN 1613-0073, Vol. 2398, p. 17-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As flexibility and generativity of digitized information continuously afford new possibilities, a significant challenge for organizations becomes pinpointing practices that are befitting from various aspects. Two overarching digitization eras have so far determined the greatness of the challenge for organizations; 'computerization', and 'the Internet'. Today, a third era of digitization is marked by the emergence of digitized products. As increasing numbers of code line and software are being incorporated in previously physical products such as cars, they can be used as complete products on one layer, and simultaneously turn into platforms enabling other firms to develop and integrate new components, content, or services on another layer. As digital product platform's multiple design layers need to be open to various applications and agendas, their development requires new justifications and approaches for organizing work. By applying a Neo Socio-Technical Systems frame of reference on the work of engineers as they engage in developing digitized products, we 1. discuss changes of work and organizing along three eras of digitization, 2. provide a rich empirical instance by identifying what steps engineers take in preparation for developing digital product platforms, and 3. discuss the implications of these steps for the literature on practice and organizing. ©Copyright held by the author(s).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CEUR-WS, 2019
Keywords
Analog to digital conversion; Control system synthesis; Digital integrated circuits; Engineers, Complete products; Digital products; Frame of reference; Integrated vehicle controls; Neo-STS; Physical products; Sociotechnical systems; Work structures, Product design
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14486 (URN)2-s2.0-85069502156 (Scopus ID)
Conference
5th International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in IS Development, STPIS 2019; Stockholm; Sweden; 10 June 2019
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2020-01-17Bibliographically approved
Arghavan Shahlaei, C. & Lundh Snis, U. (2019). What competence is not. In: Kristina Johansson (Ed.), VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts. Paper presented at VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan. Trollhättan: University West
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What competence is not
2019 (English)In: VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, p. -3Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The ambitions of organizational scholarship to enhance employee's performance is viewed as a process of moving from controlling workers to empowering them, from giving orders to creating participatory interactions.These movements are usually pursued in the shadow of a supposed scientific management exactness that aim for a higher performance. However, such ambitions often ultimately translate into organizational efficiency in the sense of less input for more output in performing certain tasks, or in terms of creating customer value. In this scenario, no matter how capable employees are in performing a range of tasks related to a knowledge area, their performance is always evaluated relative to tasks specific to the context of the given organization and dependent upon its demands.

In this study, we examine a highly innovative industrial context, where the arrangement of human competence, and modern agile management processes are implemented with hopes of employee empowerment. Through in-depth interviews, we illustrate how the engineers' presumptions for individual competence development are often at odds with the requirements of performing in the context of their organization.This is while, the agile management processes have famously accommodated the engineers with high levels of freedom to engage in their personal interest areas and to continue learning in that direction. Towards the end, we argue that, although closely entangled, employees' 'competence' and 'performance' refer to distinct grounds.By distinguishing the two terminologies, we aim at voicing both the employees' concerns with developing their competence, as well as the managerial consideration to obtain "competent" performance. Our study contributes to both the management literature on competence at work, as well as studies of workplace learning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: University West, 2019
Keywords
Interaction, workplace larning
National Category
Learning
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Pedagogics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14877 (URN)978-91-88847-43-0 (ISBN)978-91-88847-44-7 (ISBN)
Conference
VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan
Available from: 2020-01-20 Created: 2020-01-20 Last updated: 2020-01-20Bibliographically approved
Arghavan Shahlaei, C., Rangraz, M. & Stenmark, D. (2017). TRANSFORMATION OF COMPETENCE: THE EFFECTS OF DIGITALIZATION ONCOMMUNICATORS' WORK. In: Proceedings of the 25th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS),: ECIS 2017 Proceedings. Paper presented at 25th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Guimarães, Portugal, June 5-10, 2017 (pp. 195-209).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>TRANSFORMATION OF COMPETENCE: THE EFFECTS OF DIGITALIZATION ONCOMMUNICATORS' WORK
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 25th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS),: ECIS 2017 Proceedings, 2017, p. 195-209Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Studying human competence in relation with digitalization is currently an under-researched area within information systems scholarship. This paper presents a response to the contemporary calls within the IS field for studying the changes brought on by the advent of digitalization. Based on indepth interviews with professional communicators, we illustrate the effects of digitalization on the formation of work related competences. Employing a new sociotechnical system approach (Neo-STS), we analyze and illustrate the effects of digitalization in multiple ways. First, we propose that any further study of competence cannot be inadvertent to the phenomenon of digitalization. Second, we suggest a new approach for studying competence in relation with digitalization as opposed to studying "digital competence". Third, by applying a Neo-STS perspective, we provide a substantiated explanation of the transformation of competences in the work of communicators.

National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11576 (URN)978-989-20-7655-3 (ISBN)
Conference
25th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Guimarães, Portugal, June 5-10, 2017
Note

Online Since June 19, 2017

Available from: 2018-01-10 Created: 2018-01-10 Last updated: 2020-03-16Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1424-8651

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