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Thorén, B. & Jeong, H. (2020). Evaluating two ways for marking Swedish phonological length in written text: A production study. Journal of Second Language Pronunciation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating two ways for marking Swedish phonological length in written text: A production study
2020 (English)In: Journal of Second Language Pronunciation, ISSN 2215-1931, E-ISSN 2215-194XArticle in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

The study compares two different graphic marking systems designed to help L2 learners of Swedish notice and realize phonological length. In System A, 22 L2 learners read aloud three /VːC/ words with length marked under long vowels and three /VCː/words with dots under short vowels. Twenty-two other L2 learners read the same words marked by the other system (System B) that underlines long vowels and long consonants. As a control group, 20 native Swedish speakers read the same words without any marking. We measured and compared the temporal realizations of the six words by all the three groups. System B readers realized Swedish phonological length more closely to the way that native speakers did, compared to System A readers. These results suggest that prompting both long vowels and long consonants can be more effective than marking long and short vowels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2020
Keywords
Swedish as a second language, pronunciation teaching materials, prosody, phonological length, graphic marking, stress, quantity
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Research subject
HUMANITIES, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14949 (URN)10.1075/jslp.19001.tho (DOI)
Available from: 2020-02-05 Created: 2020-02-05 Last updated: 2020-03-10Bibliographically approved
Jeong, H. & Thorén, B. (2019). Evaluating the lingua franca core and functional load principle based on Swedish listeners' perception on L2 speakers’ English phoneme realisation. In: Phonetic Society of Japan (Ed.), Abstract Booklet: International Symposium on the Acquisition of Second Language Speech. Paper presented at The 9th International Symposium on the Acquisition of Second Language Speech, August 30th - September 1st, 2019, Waseda University, Tokyo Japan. , Article ID 12A1.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating the lingua franca core and functional load principle based on Swedish listeners' perception on L2 speakers’ English phoneme realisation
2019 (English)In: Abstract Booklet: International Symposium on the Acquisition of Second Language Speech / [ed] Phonetic Society of Japan, 2019, article id 12A1Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In teaching and assessing pronunciation of English as an international lingua franca (ELF), intelligibility is more relevant than nativelikeness (Jenkins, 2015). As guidelines for intelligible ELF pronunciation, the Lingua Franca Core (LFC) syllabus (Jenkins, 2002) and relative functional load (FL) of phonemic contrasts (e.g., Catford, 1987) have been used (e.g., Jeong et al., 2018; Rahimi & Ruzrokh, 2016; Sewell, 2017).The paper examines phonemic details in the LFC and relative FL, based on the intelligibility of second language speakers’ phoneme realisation for Swedish university students. Using the perception of a group of Swedish youths for the study can be rationalised that they are known to have very high proficient English skills as a second language (Norrby, 2015). Speech data with IPA transcriptions were from the Speech Accent Archive (http://accent.gmu.edu/index.php), comprising nine speakers’ readings of the same text, whose first languages were Arabic, French, German, Japanese, Russian, Somali, Thai, Turkish and Urdu respectively. Each of seventy-five Swedish students taking university courses chose and transcribed one of the nine speakers in English orthography. Through comparing errors in the listeners’ transcriptions, their accounts, and the speakers’ segmental features deviating from either American or British English phoneme inventory, we firstly analysed whether, and to what extent such deviation affected intelligibility. From this analysis, some details of the LFC and relative FL were questioned. For example, while the LFC denotes that all consonants besides interdental fricatives need to be realised as in Standard American/British English, replacing some consonants with others, like plural marking /z/ with /s/ or alveolar /ɹ/ with uvular / ʁ/, did not compromise intelligibility. Likewise, while the ɔ/oʊ contrast is known to have high FL, replacing one with the other did not cause misunderstanding (e.g. realising ‘only’ as [ɔnli]). The findings suggest further scrutinising and developing the LFC and relative FL.

Keywords
Phoneme realisation in ELF, Swedish youths' perception, the Lingua Franca Core (LFC), relative Functional Load (FL) of phonemic contrasts, Evaluating LFC and FL
National Category
Languages and Literature General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
HUMANITIES, Linguistics; Child and Youth studies; HUMANITIES, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14389 (URN)
Conference
The 9th International Symposium on the Acquisition of Second Language Speech, August 30th - September 1st, 2019, Waseda University, Tokyo Japan
Available from: 2019-09-09 Created: 2019-09-09 Last updated: 2020-03-03Bibliographically approved
Jeong, H. (2019). Phenomenology. In: Juliana Othman, Maskanah Mohammad Lotfie (Ed.), Research design for language studies: (pp. 9-30). Kuala Lumpur: Cultural Centre, University of Malaya
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Phenomenology
2019 (English)In: Research design for language studies / [ed] Juliana Othman, Maskanah Mohammad Lotfie, Kuala Lumpur: Cultural Centre, University of Malaya, 2019, p. 9-30Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Phenomenology is not as common in language studies as other qualitative methodologies, such as ethnography. It however has potential to be a suitable way of exploring individuals' language-related experiences from the first-person perspective. The chapter presents how to do phenomenological research in second language studies, suggest criteria for assessing phenomenological studies, and discuss compatibility with quantitative methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kuala Lumpur: Cultural Centre, University of Malaya, 2019
Keywords
Phenomenology, research methodology, language studies, a realist perspective
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
HUMANITIES, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13368 (URN)978-967-488-081-1 (ISBN)
Note

The full text is sharable upon request

Available from: 2019-01-05 Created: 2019-01-05 Last updated: 2019-03-27Bibliographically approved
Jeong, H. (2019). Promoting World Englishes and English as a lingua franca to prepare pre-service teachers for challenges in Sweden: Seminarium 3 – Språk, samtal och pedagogik. In: : . Paper presented at BUV Konferens 2019: ATT MÖTA SVÅRIGHETER I SKOLAN - FORSKNING OCH PRAXIS I SAMMA RUM, Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan 13 juni 2019 (pp. 1-15).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Promoting World Englishes and English as a lingua franca to prepare pre-service teachers for challenges in Sweden: Seminarium 3 – Språk, samtal och pedagogik
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Keywords
English, lingua franca, phonetics
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; HUMANITIES, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13994 (URN)
Conference
BUV Konferens 2019: ATT MÖTA SVÅRIGHETER I SKOLAN - FORSKNING OCH PRAXIS I SAMMA RUM, Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan 13 juni 2019
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved
Jeong, H. (2019). Repositioning phonetics in teacher education in Sweden from a global ELF perspectiv: Pre-service teachers’ perspectives. In: Mattias Heldner (Ed.), Proceedings from FONETIK 2019: . Paper presented at Fonetik 2019, 10-12 juni 2019; De Geersalen, Geo-Science Building (Geovetenskapens hus), Svante Arrhenius väg 8, Stockholm University Frescati Campus (pp. 37-42). Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Repositioning phonetics in teacher education in Sweden from a global ELF perspectiv: Pre-service teachers’ perspectives
2019 (English)In: Proceedings from FONETIK 2019 / [ed] Mattias Heldner, Stockholm, 2019, p. 37-42Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Swedish speakers of English have received recognition for their internationally intelligible pronunciation. Reflecting this, English phonetics in teacher education programmes seems to take two extreme positions: either marginalised or acting as a 'pusher' demanding native-like accent from teachers and their pupils. This study aims to explore pre-service teachers' perspectives on the English phonetics lessons that sought 'third' positioning, promoting English as a global lingua franca and bidirectional intelligibility of pronunciation in international contexts. It is argued that phonetics, as a subject, can be a suitable tool for helping teachers to set the goal of English pronunciation in view of the pervasive role of English as a global communication tool. Together with presenting the finding, I discuss its implications for teacher education in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2019
Keywords
English pronunciation, phonetics
National Category
Specific Languages Educational Sciences
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Educational science; HUMANITIES, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13996 (URN)10.5281/zenodo.3245993 (DOI)978-91-7797-984-5 (ISBN)978-91-7797-985-2 (ISBN)
Conference
Fonetik 2019, 10-12 juni 2019; De Geersalen, Geo-Science Building (Geovetenskapens hus), Svante Arrhenius väg 8, Stockholm University Frescati Campus
Available from: 2019-06-26 Created: 2019-06-26 Last updated: 2019-12-06Bibliographically approved
Elgemark, A. & Jeong, H. (2019). Swedish youths as listeners for diverse English accents: Discussing the method. In: : . Paper presented at L2 Pronunciation Research Symposium, November 6-7, 2019 at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish youths as listeners for diverse English accents: Discussing the method
2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Swedish youth have received recognition for having high proficiency in English and for being highly motivated in learning English (Norrby, 2015). However, their accent preference and listening input are skewed towards certain Inner Circle Englishes, especially American English (AE) (Cabau, 2009), while it is not known if they are willing and/or capable of understanding a wide range of accents in globalised communication. Our study, to be commenced in early 2020, seeks to address this gap by investigating how Swedish youths are as listeners for diverse English accents. In this poster presentation, we will discuss the method of our study.

The method is experimental. We operationalise listener intelligibility (LI), listener comprehensibility (LC), accentedness perception (AP) and accentedness acceptance (AA), adapted from previous studies (e.g. Kennedy & Trofimovich, 2008; Munro & Derwing, 1995; Tulaja, 2019), as well as listener variables found to have influence on the listener perception (e.g. Kang & Rubin, 2014). The stimulus will be the recordings of five university lecturers (one AE L1 and four L2 speakers) reading the same texts – adapted from previous Swedish national English 6 tests and the 40 true/false sentences from Munro and Derwing (1995). Listeners will be five classes of high school students, and each class will listen to one of the five speakers’ readings. We will administer tests to determine LI, LC, AP, and AA, and a questionnaire to identify individual variables. The analysis will target the LI, LC, AP and AA for different speakers, their relationships, interaction between the effects of speakers and listener variables, and speakers’ phonetic features compromising LI. At this stage of the research process, we welcome feedback, particularly on the justification of speaker selection, instruments for measuring the four constructs and for identifying individual variables and ways to remove training effect in test administration.    

References

Cabau, B. (2009). The irresistible rise and hegemony of a linguistic fortress: English teaching in Sweden. International Multilingual Research Journal, 3(2), 134-152. doi:10.1080/19313150903073786

Kang, O., & Rubin, D. (2014). Listener expectations, reverse linguisticstereotyping, and individual background factors in social judgments and oral performance assessment. In A. Moyer & J. M. Levis (Eds.), Social dynamics in second language accent account (pp. 239-253). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.

Kennedy, S., & Trofimovich, P. (2008). Intelligibility, comprehensibility, and accentedness of L2 speech: The role of listener experience and semantic context. Canadian Modern Language Review, 64(3), 459-489.

Munro, M., & Derwing, T. (1995). Foreign accent, comprehensibility, and intelligibility in the speech of second language learners. Language Learning, 45(1), 73-97. doi:10.1111/j.1467-1770.1995.tb00963.x

Norrby, C. (2015). English in Scandinavia: Monster or mate? Sweden as a case study. In J. Hajek & Y. Slaughter (Eds.), Challenging the monolingual mindset (pp. 17-32). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.

Tulaja, L. (2019). Pronunciation errors by German L2 Danish learners: Ratings in accentedness, comprehensibility and acceptability. Paper presented at the The New Sounds, Waseda, Japan.

Keywords
English as a globalised language, listening competence for diverse English accents, attitudes towards diverse English accents, Swedish youths
National Category
Languages and Literature Educational Sciences
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; HUMANITIES, English; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Educational science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14740 (URN)
Conference
L2 Pronunciation Research Symposium, November 6-7, 2019 at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Projects
BUV Project: the Swedish Youth as Listeners for Diverse English Accents
Note

The paper is part of a research project funded by BUV. 

Available from: 2019-12-05 Created: 2019-12-05 Last updated: 2019-12-17Bibliographically approved
Thorén, B. & Jeong, H. (2018). Acoustic Results of Pronunciation Training. In: Åsa Abelin & Yasuko Nagano-Madsen (Ed.), Proceedings of the Fonetik 2018: The XXXth Swedish Phonetics Conference. Paper presented at The XXXth Swedish Phonetics Conference, held at University of Gothenburg, June 7–8, 2018 (pp. 67-72). Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Acoustic Results of Pronunciation Training
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the Fonetik 2018: The XXXth Swedish Phonetics Conference / [ed] Åsa Abelin & Yasuko Nagano-Madsen, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018, p. 67-72Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The study examaines changes in a native Malaysian’s pronunciation of word stress, vowel length and consonant clusters before and after she was tranined. Jeong & Thorén (under review) showed that this training made the speaker’s pronunciation more intelligible to native Swedish listeners. We look at the changes on an acoustic level by measuring vowel duration, word duration, f0 patterns and realization of consonant clusters. The result shows that, after training, her pronunciation improved in all the three aspects. The improvement was audible as well as measurable with acoustical changes in absolute and relative vowel duration and realization of consonant clusters. Word stress patterns were also improved but with less clear-cut acoustic correlates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018
Keywords
Pronunciation, phonetics
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
HUMANITIES, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12814 (URN)
Conference
The XXXth Swedish Phonetics Conference, held at University of Gothenburg, June 7–8, 2018
Available from: 2018-08-09 Created: 2018-08-09 Last updated: 2020-03-03Bibliographically approved
Jeong, H., Thorén, B. & Othman, J. (2018). Effect of altering three phonetic features on intelligibility of English as a lingua franca: a Malaysian speaker and Swedish listeners. Asian Englishes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of altering three phonetic features on intelligibility of English as a lingua franca: a Malaysian speaker and Swedish listeners
2018 (English)In: Asian Englishes, ISSN 1348-8678, E-ISSN 2331-2548Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Our previous study examined the mutual intelligibility of Malaysian English to Swedish listeners and Swedish English to Malaysian listeners. The results showed that Swedish listeners did not understand the Malaysian speaker well. In the present study, the Malaysian speaker was trained to alter her realization of the word stress, consonant clusters and long vowels in a way that previous research has found intelligible for both native and non-native English speakers. The audible and measurable alteration significantly increased the intelligibility of the speaker for Swedish listeners. This indicates that the three phonetic features are important for intelligibility in international contexts and suggests including the word stress in the Lingua Franca Phonetic Core. Moreover, we discuss that Malaysian English being a dialect and Swedish English being a similect may be relevant to their mutual intelligibility and relate the discussion to teaching English pronunciation in countries where English has been localized.

Keywords
English as a lingua franca, intelligibility, intelligible pronunciation, Malaysian English, Swedish listeners, Lingua Franca Phonetic Core
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
HUMANITIES, English
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13097 (URN)10.1080/13488678.2018.1536817 (DOI)2-s2.0-85056127417 (Scopus ID)
Note

 Published online: 01 Nov 2018

Available from: 2018-11-04 Created: 2018-11-04 Last updated: 2020-03-03Bibliographically approved
Jeong, H. & Thorén, B. (2018). Intelligibility of the alveolar [s] replacing theinitial interdental /θ/ in English words. In: Åsa Abelin & Yasuko Nagano-Madsen (Ed.), Proceedings of the Fonetik 2018: The XXXth Swedish Phonetics Conference. Paper presented at Fonetik 2018 (pp. 39-42). Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intelligibility of the alveolar [s] replacing theinitial interdental /θ/ in English words
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the Fonetik 2018: The XXXth Swedish Phonetics Conference / [ed] Åsa Abelin & Yasuko Nagano-Madsen, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018, p. 39-42Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The study examines the intelligibility of a German speaker's replacement of the initial interdental /θ/ with the alveolar fricative [s] in words that occurred in her reading of a short English text. Twenty nine students in university English courses in Sweden listened to, and transcribed the whole reading, where substituting theinitial /θ/ of a word with [s]appeared four times. The result shows that the phoneme substitution by the German speaker did not cause misunderstanding in three instances, but it considerably misled the listeners' understanding of a phrase in one occasion. We discuss this finding in relation to the functional load of the initial θ/scontrast (Catford, 1987), and Jenkins' (2002, 2015) Lingua Franca Core syllabus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2018
Keywords
Pronunciation
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
HUMANITIES, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12813 (URN)
Conference
Fonetik 2018
Available from: 2018-08-09 Created: 2018-08-09 Last updated: 2020-03-03Bibliographically approved
Jeong, H., Thorén, B. & Othman, J. (2017). Mutual intelligibility of Malay- and Swedish-accented English: An experimental study. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 7(1), 43-53
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mutual intelligibility of Malay- and Swedish-accented English: An experimental study
2017 (English)In: Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, ISSN 2301-9468, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 43-53Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In using English as an international language (EIL), one important issue is mutual intelligibility among EIL speakers from different language backgrounds. The present study investigates the cross-linguistic intelligibility of Malay-accented English and Swedish-accented English, regarding the three phonetic features – word stress pattern, consonant clusters, and long vowel in particular. We prepared 15 English statements that are evidently true or false if understood, and examined to what extent the three phonetic features are related to 30 Swedish and 38 Malaysian listeners’ understandings of the statements read by a speaker from the other language group. We compared the Malaysian and Swedish listeners’ answers given with understanding as well as processing time to respond. The listeners’ own accounts of their struggles in understanding the speakers’ pronunciations were also analyzed. Results show that Malaysian listeners easily understood Swedish-accented English, while Swedish listeners struggled to understand Malay-accented English. The difference between the two groups of listeners seems to be closely related to the degree of the realization of the three phonetic features by the speakers as well as to the degree of the use of these features as perceptual cues by the listeners. Based on the findings, we discuss potential phonetic core features of EIL for intelligibility and some pedagogical implications for teaching English pronunciation to the learners of the language.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bandung: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, 2017
Keywords
EIL, intelligibility of EIL pronunciation, phonetic core features, Malay-accented English, Swedish-accented English
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
HUMANITIES, English; HUMANITIES, Linguistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11816 (URN)10.17509/ijal.v7i1.6857 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-11-23 Created: 2017-11-23 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1058-7637

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