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Publications (10 of 25) Show all publications
Alabaf, S., Gillberg, C., Lundström, S., Lichtenstein, P., Kerekes, N., Råstam, M. & Anckarsäter, H. (2019). Correction to: Physical health in children with neurodevelopmental disorders.. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 49(1), 96-97
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Correction to: Physical health in children with neurodevelopmental disorders.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 96-97Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in Fig. 2 part labels, the label "d" was incorrectly labelled as "c" and the subsequent labels should be corrected as d, e, and f. The corrected Fig. 2 is given below.

National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology; NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Public health science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13024 (URN)10.1007/s10803-018-3758-8 (DOI)30341628 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85055689896 (Scopus ID)
Note

Erratum for Physical health in children with neurodevelopmental disorders. [J Autism Dev Disord. 2018]

The original article has been corrected.

Available from: 2018-10-23 Created: 2018-10-23 Last updated: 2019-06-11Bibliographically approved
Bador, K. & Kerekes, N. (2019). Evaluation of an Integrated Intensive Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Treatment Within Addiction Care. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of an Integrated Intensive Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Treatment Within Addiction Care
2019 (English)In: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, ISSN 1094-3412, E-ISSN 1556-3308Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The study aimed to evaluate an integrated intensive cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) group treatment for people with substance-related syndrome in outpatient care and to identify eventual gender differences. The study population consisted of 35 outpatients (18 male, 17 female) at a clinic in Western Sweden. The patients completed a four-month period of intensive group therapy and participated in the data collection at admission and discharge. The data were collected using the following inventories: Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale,Hopelessness Scale, and Trait Hope Scale. Results showed decreases in anxiety, depression and experience of hopelessness, and increases in self-esteem and hope. In females, the most dramatic improvement was measured for the anxiety and depression attributes, while in males the strongest effect was measured for hope and self-esteem. This study provides clinical evidence of the positive effects of integrated intensive CBT in outpatient care of people with substance-related syndrome.

Keywords
cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), drugs, treatment
National Category
Applied Psychology Substance Abuse Psychiatry
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Public health science; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13801 (URN)10.1007/s11414-019- 09657-5 (DOI)2-s2.0-85064596691 (Scopus ID)
Note

Finansiär och projekt inom MeSHe Clinical https://meshe.se/meshe-clinical/

Available from: 2019-04-23 Created: 2019-04-23 Last updated: 2019-07-25Bibliographically approved
Kerekes, N., Brändström, S. & Nilsson, T. (2019). Imprisoning Yoga: Yoga Practice May Increase the Character Maturity of Male Prison Inmates.. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, Article ID 406.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Imprisoning Yoga: Yoga Practice May Increase the Character Maturity of Male Prison Inmates.
2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, ISSN 1664-0640, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 10, article id 406Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: A specific personality profile, characterized by low character maturity (low scores on the self-directedness and cooperativeness character dimensions) and high scores on the novelty seeking temperament dimension of the temperament and character inventory (TCI), has been associated with aggressive antisocial behavior in male prison inmates. It has also been shown that yoga practiced in Swedish correctional facilities has positive effects on the inmates' well-being and on risk factors associated with criminal recidivism (e.g., antisocial behavior). In this study, we aimed to investigate whether the positive effect of yoga practice on inmates' behaviors could be extended to include eventual changes in their personality profile. Methods: Male prison inmates (N = 111) in Sweden participated in a randomized controlled 10-week long yoga intervention trial. Participants were randomly assigned to either a yoga group (one class a week; n = 57) or a control group (free of choice weekly physical activity; n = 54). All the inmates completed the TCI questionnaire before and after the intervention period as part of an assessment battery. Results: After the 10-week-long intervention period male inmates scored significantly lower on the novelty seeking and the harm avoidance and significantly higher on the self-directedness dimensions of the TCI. There was a significant medium strong interaction effect between time and group belonging for the self-directedness dimension of character favoring the yoga group. Conclusion: A 10-week-long yoga practice intervention among male inmates in Swedish correctional facilities increased the inmates' character maturity, improving such abilities as their capability to take responsibility, feel more purposeful, and being more self-acceptant-features that previously were found to be associated with decreased aggressive antisocial behavior.

Keywords
character maturity, prison, self-directedness, temperament and character inventory, yoga
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14436 (URN)10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00406 (DOI)000471888200001 ()31263431 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85069523715 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funders: The Swedish Prison and Probation Service (2012-1551)

Available from: 2019-10-02 Created: 2019-10-02 Last updated: 2019-10-16
Alabaf, S., Gillberg, C., Lundström, S., Lichtenstein, P., Kerekes, N., Råstam, M. & Anckarsäter, H. (2019). Physical health in children with neurodevelopmental disorders. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 49(1), 83-95
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physical health in children with neurodevelopmental disorders
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2019 (English)In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 83-95Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

With increasing numbers of children being diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) attention has been drawn to these children's physical health. We aimed to identify the prevalence of defined physical problems (epilepsy, migraine, asthma, cancer, diabetes, psoriasis, lactose intolerance, celiac disease, diarrhea, constipation, daytime enuresis, encopresis) in a nationwide population of 9- and 12-year-old twins subdivided into those with and without indications of NDDs. Parents of 28,058 twins participated in a well-validated telephone interview regarding their children's mental health and answered questions about their physical problems. The results indicate a high rate of physical problems in children with NDDs, particularly in those with indications of the presence of combinations of several NDDs.

Keywords
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), Learning disorder (LD), Neurodevelopmental disorders, Physical health, Twins
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology; NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Public health science; Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12944 (URN)10.1007/s10803-018-3697-4 (DOI)30043349 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85050609048 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareSwedish Research Council
Available from: 2018-09-26 Created: 2018-09-26 Last updated: 2019-10-18Bibliographically approved
Zouini, B., Senhaji, M. & Kerekes, N. (2019). Self-reported aggressive and antisocial behaviors in Moroccan high school students. Psihologija, 52(3), 235-247
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-reported aggressive and antisocial behaviors in Moroccan high school students
2019 (English)In: Psihologija, ISSN 1451-9283, Vol. 52, no 3, p. 235-247Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aims of the present study were to map the level and distribution of aggressive and antisocial behaviors in a sample of Moroccan high school students and to define the level of these behaviors in adolescents who reported parental alcohol use problems and/or experienced abuse. In total, 375 high school students completed the "Mental and Somatic Health without borders (MeSHe)" survey that includes the Life History of Aggression scale. Male students had significantly higher scores for aggression and antisocial behaviors than female. The students who reported experience of abuse or parental alcohol use problems scored significantly higher for aggression, self-directed aggression, and antisocial behaviors compared to students not reporting these negative psychosocial factors. Previously shown gender-specific patterns in aggressive and antisocial behaviors, but not in self-harm behaviors were confirmed in these Moroccan high school students. Reported experience of abuse and/or parental alcohol use problems were associated with increased frequency of aggressive and antisocial behaviors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Belgrade: Društvo psihologa Srbije, 2019
Keywords
adolescents, aggression, antisocial behaviors, abuse, gender, parental alcohol use
National Category
Other Health Sciences Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Psychiatry
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13958 (URN)10.2298/PSI181225001Z (DOI)000486366400002 ()
Projects
MeSHe project
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-10-16Bibliographically approved
Zouini, B., Sfendla, A., Senhaji, M., Råstam, M. & Kerekes, N. (2019). Somatic health and its association with negative psychosocial factors in a sample of Moroccan adolescents. SAGE Open Medicine, 7, Article ID 2050312119852527.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Somatic health and its association with negative psychosocial factors in a sample of Moroccan adolescents
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2019 (English)In: SAGE Open Medicine, E-ISSN 2050-3121, Vol. 7, article id 2050312119852527Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Adolescence is a distinct developmental phase characterized by multiple physical and psychological changes andby an increased vulnerability to somatic and mental health problems. These risk and vulnerability factors are part of a complexbiopsychosocial matrix, encompassing multiple factors, such as inherited biological determinants and psychological, societal,and cultural influences, which affect an adolescent's overall wellbeing. In Morocco, similar to other developing countries,adolescents (young people aged from 15 to 19years) constitute a substantial proportion of the population (almost 9%).However, studies about adolescents' health in developing countries are scarce. In this study, we describe adolescents' somatichealth in a sample of high school students from the city of Tetouan, Morocco, and investigate how negative psychosocialfactors, such as parental alcohol use problems and/or the experience of abuse, may influence them.Methods: The study sample included 655 adolescents (315 boys and 340 girls, M=16.64years, range=15–18years) fromconviniently selected classes of four high schools in the city of Tetouan in Morocco. The students responded to a survey thatassessed the prevalence of somatic complaints/disorders. They also indicated whether they had ever experienced physicaland/or psychological abuse and whether they had parents with alcohol use problems.Results: More than half of the adolescents suffered from headaches and one-third had substantial problems with diarrhea orconstipation. Both problems were more common in female students. The third most frequent somatic problem, affecting onein four in both genders, was allergy. Almost one-third of Moroccan adolescents (significantly more boys than girls; p=0.004)reported no somatic complaints. In adolescents who reported parental alcohol use problems and/or experience of physicaland/or psychological abuse, the prevalence of several somatic complaints (epilepsy, migraine, headache, diarrhea/constipation,gluten intolerance, allergy, and skin or thyroid disease) increased highly significantly compared to the adolescents whoreported no such psychosocial environmental factors.Conclusion: The results suggest that only 3 in 10 urban-living Moroccan adolescents are free of somatic complaints, whilethe majority suffer from some somatic problems, most often headaches and diarrhea/constipation. The association of certainnegative psychosocial factors with adolescents' somatic health suggests the need of a holistic approach to the treatment of affectedadolescents.

Keywords
adolescents, Morocco, parental alcohol use problems, physical or psychological abuse, somatic health
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology; Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13913 (URN)10.1177/2050312119852527 (DOI)31205702 (PubMedID)
Note

First Published May 22, 2019;CC-BY

Available from: 2019-06-05 Created: 2019-06-05 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, M., Kerekes, N., Brink, P., Pennbrant, S. & Nunstedt, H. (2019). The level of sense of coherence among Swedish nursing staff. Journal of Advanced Nursing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The level of sense of coherence among Swedish nursing staff
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Aim To explore the level of sense of coherence among Swedish nursing staff.

Design: An explorative quantitative study design was adopted using a short form for measuring sense of coherence.

Methods Data were collected in January 2018 from nurses working in full‐time positions at two hospitals in Western Sweden. A total of 93 nurses completed the 13 item questionnaire measuring sense of coherence. Descriptive statistics were applied to obtain means and standard deviations. Spearman's rank correlation was used to describe strength of association between sense of coherence and socio‐demographic categories. Between‐group differences were defined using the nonparametric tests of Mann Whitney U test and Kruskal‐Wallis test.

Results The internal consistency of the SOC‐13 was low. An inter‐item‐correlation test indicated that two items decreased the internal consistency of the scale. The level of the three dimensions of sense of coherence varied; manageability was weakest and decreased the total sense of coherence. The meaningfulness dimension was as strongest.

Conclusion On a national level, nurses reported weaker SOC than the general population, but stronger in an international comparison of nurses. They found their work difficult to manage, but meaningful.

Impact On a national level, the nurses report weaker SOC than the general population, but stronger in an international comparison of nurses. Findings from this study will have an impact on how nurses can manage work related stress in terms of sense of coherence. There will also be an impact on nurses' well‐being, which in a long run benefits patients.

Keywords
nurse, nursing, sense of coherence, salutogenesis, manageability, comprehensibility, meaningfulness, psychometric properties, nursing staff, hospital settings.
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13998 (URN)10.1111/jan.14137 (DOI)000479609700001 ()31236952 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85070260286 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Framgångsfaktorer för hållbart arbetsliv för sjuksköterskor
Available from: 2019-06-26 Created: 2019-06-26 Last updated: 2019-10-16Bibliographically approved
Andrén, U., Hedman Ahlström, B., Kinnander, M., Kerekes, N., Skyvell Nilsson, M. & Nunstedt, H. (2019). Utveckling av ett nytt yrke inom socialpsykiatrisk vård. Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utveckling av ett nytt yrke inom socialpsykiatrisk vård
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2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The program in Social Psychiatric Care is a three-year program at the university level leading to a vocational qualification in social psychiatric care and a bachelor's degree in the field of Health Sciences. Until the spring of 2018, six litters have graduated. Students in the social psychiatric care program often have personal interest, previous professional experience from the business areas or inspiration from related friends working in the field of activity. Personal experiences of problems in the fields of activity are also prominent among the students. Students believe that personal experience, willingness and ability is important in order to work within the profession. Characteristics of the students are also an interest and a clear empathetic willingness to work with people and they consider that the profession primarily requires characteristics such as altruism, empathy, social skills and deeper knowledge and understanding in the field. Upon completion of education, students want a career role where they can help other people, feel motivated, or they aim for specific positions or areas of activity. Both managers and alumni from the Social Psychiatric Care program value the broad professional competence that the program leads to. Psychiatric competence is emphasized as particularly valuable by both alumni and managers. This competence means that they also complement the other professions in the activities. Students consider themselves possessed a professional identity that involves introducing psychiatric and custody skills to organizations that previously lacked these perspectives. Something that also brings new approaches to patients, users and clients. Being able to use knowledge from several disciplines are considered to be a strength and competence that are well-needed in environments where people with mental ill health are cared for. The alumni perceive their knowledge as both interdisciplinary and interprofessional.

Abstract [sv]

Programmet i Socialpsykiatrisk vård är ett treårigt program på högskolenivå som leder till en yrkesexamen inom socialpsykiatrisk vård och en kandidatexamen i huvudområdet Vårdvetenskap. Fram till våren 2018 har sex kullar tagit sin examen. Studenter i programmet för Socialpsykiatrisk vård har ofta ett personligt intresse, tidigare yrkeserfarenhet från verksamhetsområdena eller inspiration från närstående/vänner som arbetar inom verksamhetsområdet. Även personliga erfarenheter av problem inom verksamhetsområdena är framträdande bland studenterna. Studenterna anser att den personliga erfarenheten, viljan och förmågan är viktigt för att kunna verka inom yrket. Utmärkande egenskaper hos studenterna är också ett specifikt intresse och en tydlig empatisk vilja av att arbeta med människor och de anser att yrket framförallt kräver egenskaper som altruism, empati, social kompetens samt en fördjupad kunskap och förståelse inom området. Efter avslutad utbildning önskar studenterna få möjligt till en yrkesroll där de kan hjälpa andra människor, eller så har de sikte på en specifik befattning eller ett speciellt verksamhetsområde. Såväl chefer som alumner från programmet Socialpsykiatrisk vård värdesätter den breda yrkeskompetens som programmet leder till. Den psykiatriska kompetensen betonas som särskilt värdefull av både alumner och chefer. Denna kompetens innebär att de också utgör ett komplement till övriga professioner inom verksamheterna. Studenterna anser sig ha erövrat en professionell identitet som handlar om att föra in psykiatriska och vårdande kunskaper till organisationer som tidigare saknat dessa perspektiv. Något som också medför nya förhållningssätt till patienter, brukare och klienter. Att kunna använda kunskap från flera discipliner anses som en styrka och en kompetens som är välbehövd i miljöer där personer med psykisk ohälsa vårdas. Alumnerna uppfattar sin kunskap som både tvärdisciplinär och interprofessionell.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst, 2019. p. 42
Series
Reports University West, ISSN 2002-6188, E-ISSN 2002-6196 ; 2019:2
Keywords
Occupational socialization, student experience, interdisciplinary education, health sciences, psychiatry, social work, higher education, social psychiatric car
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13907 (URN)978-91-88847-36-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-05 Created: 2019-06-05 Last updated: 2019-06-07
Svensson, O., Sörman, K., Durbeej, N., Lichtenstein, P., Anckarsäter, H., Kerekes, N. & Nilsson, T. (2018). Associations Between Conduct Disorder, Neurodevelopmental Problems and Psychopathic Personality Traits in a Swedish Twin Youth Population. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 40(4), 586-592
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Associations Between Conduct Disorder, Neurodevelopmental Problems and Psychopathic Personality Traits in a Swedish Twin Youth Population
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 586-592Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research has found a complex relationship between psychopathic traits, neurodevelopmental problems (NDPs), and conduct disorder (CD) in children. This study explores associations between psychopathic traits, assessed with the Child Problematic Traits Inventory—Short Version (CPTI-SV), and CD in children with and without coexisting NDPs (i.e., attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD] and autism spectrum disorder [ASD]) in a community-based sample of Swedish twins (n = 8762). Findings indicate weak to moderately strong correlations between psychopathic traits and CD, ADHD, and ASD, respectively. Furthermore, in univariable analyses, both psychopathic traits and NDPs displayed significant positive associations with being screened positive for CD, though only the grandiose-deceitful dimension of CPTI-SV and the ADHD domain concentration and attention deficits remained significantly associated with CD in a multivariable regression model. The results are relevant to screening and assessment in child and youth psychiatry, as a grandiose and deceitful interpersonal style may also be a valid sign of children at risk of developing CD.

Keywords
Conduct disorder, Neurodevelopmental problems, Psychopathic traits, Callous-unemotional, Grandiose-deceitful
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology; Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12642 (URN)10.1007/s10862-018-9689-z (DOI)000449296700003 ()30459483 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85049132067 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareSwedish Research Council
Note

First Online: 29 June 2018

Funders: Söderström-Königska Foundation; the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013, no. 602768

Available from: 2018-07-04 Created: 2018-07-04 Last updated: 2019-07-25Bibliographically approved
Bouchatta, O., Manouze, H., Bouali-Benazzouz, R., Kerekes, N., Ba-M'hamed, S., Fossat, P., . . . Bennis, M. (2018). Neonatal 6-OHDA lesion model in mouse induces Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-like behaviour. Scientific Reports, 8(1), Article ID 15349.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neonatal 6-OHDA lesion model in mouse induces Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-like behaviour
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2018 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 15349Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired attention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. The "neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine" (6-OHDA) lesion is a commonly used model of ADHD in rat. However, a comprehensive assessment of ADHD-like symptoms is still missing, and data in mouse remain largely unavailable. Our aim was to analyse symptoms of ADHD in the mouse neonatal 6-OHDA model. 6-OHDA mice exhibited the major ADHD-like symptoms, i.e. hyperactivity (open field), attention deficit and impulsivity (five-choice serial reaction time task). Further, the model revealed discrete co-existing symptoms, i.e. anxiety-like (elevated plus maze test) and antisocial (social interaction) behaviours and decreased cognitive functioning (novel object recognition). The efficacy of methylphenidate, a classical psychostimulant used in the treatment of ADHD, was also evaluated. A histological analysis further supports the model validity by indicating dopamine depletion, changes in cortical thickness and abnormalities in anterior cingulate cortex neurons. A principal component analysis of the behaviour profile confirms that the 6-OHDA mouse model displayed good face and predictive validity. We conclude that neonatal dopamine depletion results in behavioural and morphological changes similar to those seen in patients and therefore could be used as a model for studying ADHD pathophysiological mechanisms and identifying therapeutic targets.

Keywords
ADHD, behaviour, treatment
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13025 (URN)10.1038/s41598-018-33778-0 (DOI)000447591000006 ()30337626 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85055072933 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funders: Campus France PHC Toubkal, 32508 PH; NEUREN, PIRSES-GA-2012-318997

Available from: 2018-10-26 Created: 2018-10-26 Last updated: 2019-05-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8854-0399

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