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Karlsson, Jan-Olof
Publications (3 of 3) Show all publications
Karlsson, J.-O. & Johanson, B. (2016). Professional E-Therapy in a Low Budget Setting. In: Pareto, Lena, Svensson, Lars, Lundin, Johan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika Lundh Snis, 2016 (Ed.), Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016. Ljungskile, Sweden, August 7-10, 2016: . Paper presented at IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016 (pp. 1-11).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Professional E-Therapy in a Low Budget Setting
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016. Ljungskile, Sweden, August 7-10, 2016 / [ed] Pareto, Lena, Svensson, Lars, Lundin, Johan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika Lundh Snis, 2016, 2016, p. 1-11Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Mindfulness based stress reduction was mediated as e-therapy to a group of patients suffering from mental fatigue. The e-therapy was arranged using standard video conferencing software and web cameras without any studio capacity. During sessions all interaction with participants was handled by psychology professionals. This study shows that it is possible for non-technical specialists to arrange an advanced e-therapy using a low budget setting

Keywords
E-therapy, MBSR, Mental fatigue, Mindfulness
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-10564 (URN)978-91-87531-38-5 (ISBN)
Conference
IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2019-03-13
Johansson, B., Bjuhr, H., Karlsson, M., Karlsson, J.-O. & Rönnbäck, L. (2015). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) Delivered Live on the Internet to Individuals Suffering from Mental Fatigue After an Acquired Brain Injury. Mindfulness, 6(6), 1356-1365
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) Delivered Live on the Internet to Individuals Suffering from Mental Fatigue After an Acquired Brain Injury
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2015 (English)In: Mindfulness, ISSN 1868-8527, E-ISSN 1868-8535, Vol. 6, no 6, p. 1356-1365Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An acquired brain injury often leads to long-lasting mental fatigue, which can have a considerable effect on work and social interactions. Fortunately, the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program has been found to alleviate mental fatigue. The purpose of this feasibility study was to evaluate the success of an interactive MBSR program delivered live online to individuals who have experienced a traumatic brain injury or stroke. We included the following three groups in our study: an Internet group, a face-to-face MBSR group, and an active control group who took weekly walks in natural environments. Thirty-four participants completed the study, and all were suffering from long-lasting mental fatigue after either a traumatic brain injury (16 participants) or a stroke (18 participants). However, seven did not accept to attend an Internet MBSR, and Internet was the only choice for others. We found that, according to the Mental Fatigue Scale (MFS), the program leads to significantly reduced mental fatigue in the Internet group compared with the face-to-face and the control group. Individuals in the MBSR groups also exhibited an improved ability to process two temporally close targets (attentional blink task), while this was not detected in the control group. In conclusion, we believe that it is possible for individuals suffering from mental fatigue after an acquired brain injury to obtain positive results through enrollment in a live, interactive, online MBSR program. This is promising, as the Internet is accessible to many individuals, irrespective of where they live. Further randomized control studies comparing are warranted.

Keywords
Mindfulness, Internet, Mental fatigue, Attention, TBI, Stroke
National Category
Psychology Occupational Therapy
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7647 (URN)10.1007/s12671-015-0406-7 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-06-02 Created: 2015-06-01 Last updated: 2019-03-13Bibliographically approved
Johansson, B., Karlsson, J.-O. & Rönnback, L. (2014). Use the app-Measure mental fatigue-Take control. Paper presented at Tenth World Congress on Brain Injury, San Franscico. CA MArch 19-22, 2014. Brain Injury, 28(5-6), 574-574
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Use the app-Measure mental fatigue-Take control
2014 (English)In: Brain Injury, ISSN 0269-9052, E-ISSN 1362-301X, Vol. 28, no 5-6, p. 574-574Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVESFatigue after an acquired brain injury is common, and is characterized by limited energy reserves to accomplish ordinary daily activities. A typical characteristic of mental fatigue is that the mental exhaustion becomes pronounced during sensory stimulation or when cognitive tasks are performed for extended periods without breaks. There is a drain of mental energy upon mental activity in situations in which there is an invasion of the senses with an overload of impressions, and in noisy and hectic environments. Another typical feature is a disproportionally long recovery time needed to restore the mental energy levels after being mentally exhausted. The mental fatigue is also dependent on the total activity level as well as the nature of the demands of daily activities. For many people, there is an increased risk of doing too much and becoming even more fatigued.METHODSWe have developed an application for Windows Phone for assessment of mental fatigue. The Mental Fatigue Scale is used. The MFS is a multidimensional questionnaire containing 15 questions. The questions included in the MFS are based on symptoms described following longitudinal studies of patients with TBI, brain tumours, infections or inflammations in the nervous system, vascular brain diseases, and other brain disorders. The app also includes information about mental fatigue.   RESULTSThis application can help people determine the level of mental fatigue and it can also serve to provide an overall picture of the severity of the condition, and detect changes in mental fatigue over time. The scores will be added up and the results will be presented in the form of a rating scale and a diagram. People can then see their results for one week ago, one month ago or a whole year ago. Today, the most important recommendations are to adapt to the energy available by doing one thing at a time, resting regularly and not overdoing things. However, this is challenging for most people and it may take a long time, even years, to adapt to a sustainable level. It may also be difficult for the person to learn by himself/herself and it can take several years of considerable struggle, frustration, despair and depression, to find the right balance between rest and activity. This app can help people to be aware of mental fatigue. If they connect the results to daily activities, the app may also help them to be more aware about what may alleviate and what may make mental fatigue worse. CONCLUSIONSWith regular assessment of mental fatigue, this app may give feedback and support in order to achieve an enduring balance between activities and rest.

The application can be downloaded without cost: http://www.windowsphone.com/en-us/store/app/mental-fatigue/87d4cb88-c9b5-4ac9-9a92-b63a5d8f4d82

National Category
Neurosciences Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-6304 (URN)10.3109/02699052.2014.892379 (DOI)000335017000145 ()
Conference
Tenth World Congress on Brain Injury, San Franscico. CA MArch 19-22, 2014
Available from: 2014-06-11 Created: 2014-06-11 Last updated: 2019-11-29Bibliographically approved
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