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Hällgren Graneheim, UllaORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0208-4343
Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Lindgren, B.-M., Ringnér, A., Molin, J. & Hällgren Graneheim, U. (2019). Patients' experiences of isolation in psychiatric inpatient care: Insights from a meta-ethnographic study.. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 28(1), 7-21
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patients' experiences of isolation in psychiatric inpatient care: Insights from a meta-ethnographic study.
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1445-8330, E-ISSN 1447-0349, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 7-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Historically, people with mental ill-health have been isolated from society. Although mental health care has moved from closed to more open forms of care, in many societies care is still provided in locked wards, and people with mental ill-health are sometimes secluded from their fellow patients, families, friends, and visitors. The aim of this study was to illuminate patients' experiences of isolation in psychiatric inpatient care. A systematic review of qualitative research was conducted, and the key findings were subjected to meta-ethnographic synthesis. The findings were twofold: 'being admitted to prison' and 'having access to shelter'. The experience of isolated care as prison-like symbolizes patients' longing for freedom and feeling restricted and limited by rules, stripped of rights, abandoned, controlled, powerless, and unsupported. In contrast, the experience of isolation as shelter symbolizes safety and the opportunity to regain control over one's own situation. A stigmatizing public view holds that people with mental ill-health are dangerous and unpredictable and, therefore, unsafe to themselves and others. Being placed in isolation because these fears contribute to self-stigma among patients. Promoting a sheltered experience in which isolation is used with respect for patients and the reasons are made explicit may encourage recovery. A shift in emphasis in ward culture from observation to engagement is needed to reduce blame, shift patient experiences from prison to shelter, and to support autonomy as a therapeutic intervention.

Keywords
experiences, isolation, locked ward, psychiatric inpatient care, seclusion
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12945 (URN)10.1111/inm.12519 (DOI)000459619300002 ()29975446 (PubMedID)
Note

First published online: 05 July 2018

Available from: 2018-09-27 Created: 2018-09-27 Last updated: 2019-03-20Bibliographically approved
Ozanne, A., Verdinelli, C., Olsson, I., Edelvik, A., Hällgren Graneheim, U. & Malmgren, K. (2018). Callosotomy in children: Parental experiences reported at long-term follow-up. Epilepsy & Behavior, 86, 91-97
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Callosotomy in children: Parental experiences reported at long-term follow-up
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2018 (English)In: Epilepsy & Behavior, ISSN 1525-5050, E-ISSN 1525-5069, Vol. 86, p. 91-97Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Callosotomy is a palliative surgery method for selected individuals with severe, drug-resistant epilepsy. The aim of this retrospective study was to explore parental experiences of the family's life situation before and long after their child had undergone callosotomy. Semistructured interviews of the parents of 12 children were analyzed using a combination of inductive and deductive qualitative content analysis. Before surgery, parents felt that they lived in a chaotic bubble with an unbearable situation; their child had severe and frequent seizures and had to be looked after constantly. Most parents were both satisfied and dissatisfied with the given support and information. However, if the child did not improve after surgery, parents often felt that the information before surgery had not been adequate. After surgery, they found a glimpse of hope. They felt that the family got a new life; the reduced seizure severity led to a better life situation for the family. The support was described as both good and poor. The family life situation was complex, and even if they were partly satisfied with the support, it was still not enough. However, the life situation was also very stressful because of remaining seizures, behavioral problems, and sometimes, adverse effects of surgery. The families lived in disappointment and difficulty and had to fight for their rights. This indicates that these families need more information and social service coordination both before and long after surgery. They need not only tools to manage the child's disabilities but also substantial help to care for the child and to receive the social support they need.

Keywords
Callosotomy, Childhood epilepsy, Epilepsy surgery, Parental experiences, Qualitative content analysis
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12868 (URN)10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.06.020 (DOI)000451817900398 ()30153937 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85049467111 (Scopus ID)
Note

Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Funders: Margarethahem Foundation; Sahlgrenska Academy,  ALFGBG-429901

Available from: 2018-10-29 Created: 2018-10-29 Last updated: 2019-10-18Bibliographically approved
Jansson, L. & Hällgren Graneheim, U. (2018). Nurses' Experiences of Assessing Suicide Risk in Specialised Mental Health Outpatient Care in Rural Areas. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 39(7), 554-560
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nurses' Experiences of Assessing Suicide Risk in Specialised Mental Health Outpatient Care in Rural Areas
2018 (English)In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 39, no 7, p. 554-560Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study describes nurses' experiences of assessing suicide risk in specialised mental health outpatient care in rural areas in Sweden. We used a qualitative, descriptive design based on twelve interviews that were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The results showed that the nurses felt anguish due to a lack of control. They expressed uncertainty and loneliness, and they struggled with ethical issues and organisational challenges. Having the sole responsibility to assess suicide risk can increase a person's emotional vulnerability and moral stress. Consequently, in order to prevent ill health among these nurses, there is a need for a tolerant work climate and an organisation that provides support to its employees. Assessing suicide risk is a demanding task within mental health outpatient care. Further, nurses operating in rural areas have to initiate and conduct assessments on their own, and they are, together with the physician in charge, also held individually responsible for their assessments. Consequently, it is important to describe nurses' experiences of how they deal with questions concerning suicide risk. Their experiences can foster awareness of the responsibility and the ethical standpoints related to assessing suicide risk, can help outline the need for further education and supervision, and can improve support from co-workers and management.

National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12226 (URN)10.1080/01612840.2018.1431823 (DOI)000445651800003 ()29533690 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85043702561 (Scopus ID)
Note

Published online: 13 Mar 2018.

Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-10-25Bibliographically approved
Ozanne, A. & Hällgren Graneheim, U. (2018). Understanding the incomprehensible: patients' and spouses' experiences of comprehensibility before, at and after diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 32(2), 663-671
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding the incomprehensible: patients' and spouses' experiences of comprehensibility before, at and after diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 663-671Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Previous studies have examined manageability and meaningfulness in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), but there is a lack of studies examining the comprehensibility of ALS among patients and their spouses. Aim: This qualitative retrospective study aimed to illuminate patients' and spouses' experiences of comprehensibility in ALS from a long-term perspective, when symptoms appeared before diagnosis, and when the diagnosis was given and in life after diagnosis. Methods: Individual semi-structured interviews with 14 patients and 13 spouses were performed. The transcribed interviews were subjected to qualitative content analysis. Findings: Through the whole disease process, patients and spouses feared the unknown regardless of whether they comprehended the disease or not. They described that they before diagnosis felt uncertainty. It was problematic to comprehend what was wrong and what the deterioration implied. At the diagnosis, they described feelings of losing their foothold. Long-term after diagnosis, they still lived in fear and looked for reasons why they were afflicted. Conclusions: Findings of similar experiences in comprehensibility between patients and spouses strengthen the importance of support and information to both parties. Since they hovered between comprehensibility and incomprehensibility during the whole disease process, it is important that their questions, fears and worries are met, from the first visit at hospital and through the whole process. Multiprofessional teams, such as ALS teams and palliative teams can from a holistic perspective increase the possibility of meeting their needs in their unique situation.

Keywords
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; comprehensibility; interviews; motor neuron disease; qualitative content analysis; sense of coherence; spouse
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11467 (URN)10.1111/scs.12492 (DOI)000436254800022 ()28869647 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85041463743 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funders: Ulla-Carin Lindquist Foundation

Available from: 2017-09-11 Created: 2017-09-11 Last updated: 2019-05-28Bibliographically approved
Ozanne, A., Johansson, D., Hällgren Graneheim, U., Malmgren, K., Bergquist, F. & Alt Murphy, M. (2018). Wearables in epilepsy and Parkinson's disease: A focus group study. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 137(2), 188-194
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wearables in epilepsy and Parkinson's disease: A focus group study
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2018 (English)In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6314, E-ISSN 1600-0404, Vol. 137, no 2, p. 188-194Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: Wearable sensors that measure movement and physiological variables are attractive for clinical evaluation of neurological diseases such as epilepsy and Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to explore perceptions regarding the use of wearable technology in disease monitoring and management as reported by individuals with epilepsy and Parkinson's disease as well as health professionals working with these patient groups.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six patient groups (n=25) and two groups with health professionals (n=15) participated in this qualitative, descriptive study with focus group interviews. A manifest qualitative content analysis was used.

RESULTS: Four categories and nine subcategories emerged from the analysis. Participants saw possible benefits for improved treatment effect and valued this benefit more than possible inconvenience of wearing the sensors. Discrete design and simplicity were considered as facilitators for improved usability. They emphasized the importance of interactive information between patients and health professionals. However, they were concerned about unclear information and inconclusive recordings and some fears about personal integrity were at odds with the expectations on interactivity.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients need to feel well informed and find an added value in using wearables. Wearables need to be user-friendly, have an attractive design, and show clinical efficacy in improving disease management. Variations in perceptions regarding integrity, benefits, and effectiveness of monitoring indicate possible conflicts of expectations among participants. The engagement of end users, patients, and health professionals, in the design and implementation process, is crucial for the development of wearable devices that enhance and facilitate neurological rehabilitation practice.

Keywords
Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, focus group, health professionals, motor activity, movement, qualitative content analysis, wearable sensors
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11385 (URN)10.1111/ane.12798 (DOI)000419583500005 ()28714112 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85023741989 (Scopus ID)
Note

First published online: 16 July 2017

Available from: 2017-08-24 Created: 2017-08-24 Last updated: 2018-07-04Bibliographically approved
Hällgren Graneheim, U., Lindgren, B.-M. & Lundman, B. (2017). Methodological challenges in qualitative content analysis: A discussion paper.. Nurse Education Today, 56, 29-34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Methodological challenges in qualitative content analysis: A discussion paper.
2017 (English)In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 56, p. 29-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This discussion paper is aimed to map content analysis in the qualitative paradigm and explore common methodological challenges. We discuss phenomenological descriptions of manifest content and hermeneutical interpretations of latent content. We demonstrate inductive, deductive, and abductive approaches to qualitative content analysis, and elaborate on the level of abstraction and degree of interpretation used in constructing categories, descriptive themes, and themes of meaning. With increased abstraction and interpretation comes an increased challenge to demonstrate the credibility and authenticity of the analysis. A key issue is to show the logic in how categories and themes are abstracted, interpreted, and connected to the aim and to each other. Qualitative content analysis is an autonomous method and can be used at varying levels of abstraction and interpretation.

Keywords
Abstraction level, Categories, Interpretation degree, Latent content, Manifest content, Qualitative content analysis, Themes
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11389 (URN)10.1016/j.nedt.2017.06.002 (DOI)000406725700006 ()28651100 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85021166616 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-08-24 Created: 2017-08-24 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Antonsson, H., Hällgren Graneheim, U., Isaksson, U., Åström, S. & Lundström, M. O. (2016). Evaluation of a Web-Based Training Program for Professional Carers Working With People With Learning Disabilities and Challenging Behavior: A Pilot Study with SSED-Design.. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 37(10), 734-743
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of a Web-Based Training Program for Professional Carers Working With People With Learning Disabilities and Challenging Behavior: A Pilot Study with SSED-Design.
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2016 (English)In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 37, no 10, p. 734-743Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The interaction between people with intellectual disabilities and professional carers is often influenced by communicative difficulties contributing challenging behaviours. The aims of this study were to evaluate to a web-based training program aimed at improving carers' abilities to interact with people with learning disabilities who exhibit challenging behaviours and to explore carers' experiences of participating in such a program. A single-subject experimental design and mixed methods were used to integrate qualitative and quantitative data. Triangulation of questionnaires, interviews with carers, and assessments of one woman's behaviour was performed. The participants were professional carers aged 20 to 55 years. The web-based training program increased carers' abilities to handle challenging behaviours and decreased challenging behaviours in daily care. The program improved the opportunities to offer training to carers who work in community-based accommodations with limited time to receive training.

Keywords
Nursing, interaction, web-based training
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9681 (URN)10.1080/01612840.2016.1189636 (DOI)000388504600005 ()27351080 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84976444762 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-12-16 Created: 2016-08-10 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Ozanne, A., Verdinelli, C., Olsson, I., Hällgren Graneheim, U. & Malmgren, K. (2016). Parental experiences before and long-term after their children's hemispherotomy: A population-based qualitative study. Epilepsy & Behavior, 60(July), 11-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parental experiences before and long-term after their children's hemispherotomy: A population-based qualitative study
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2016 (English)In: Epilepsy & Behavior, ISSN 1525-5050, E-ISSN 1525-5069, Vol. 60, no July, p. 11-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Severe childhood epilepsy has an impact on the whole family. For selected children, hemispherotomy is the treatment of choice. The aim of this study was to explore parents' experiences before and after hemispherotomy as reported at a long-term follow-up and their view on received information and support. This was a population-based qualitative descriptive study, using qualitative content analysis of interviews. Seven to eighteen years after hemispherotomy, parents of twenty-one operated children were interviewed about the family life situation, expectations before surgery, and support and information before and after surgery. Before surgery, the theme 'Living in a chaotic bubble' illuminates how parents felt: the family lived in isolation, they felt both dissatisfaction and satisfaction about support and information, and they experienced that surgery was a question about life or death. After surgery, the theme 'Hovering between success and disaster' illuminates how parents hovered between happiness if the surgery was successful and sadness about e.g., complications and behavior problems. They experienced both excellent and poor support, in hospital and at rehabilitation. Regardless of all concerns, parents were satisfied that the child had received an operation. The hemispherotomies were successful and generated a better life situation. However, in order to cope, families need support and information throughout the whole process, from the onset of epilepsy and for a long time after surgery. If the child has behavior problems, an assessment should be made before surgery in order for the families to get adequate support. The specialist team needs to be involved as early as possible and follow the families for several years after surgery. Focus should be on the whole family, if needed including grandparents; family-centered care might be relevant for this patient group.

Keywords
Childhood epilepsy, Hemispherotomy, Parental experiences, Qualitative content analysis
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9690 (URN)10.1016/j.yebeh.2016.04.025 (DOI)000377992500003 ()27176878 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84966319192 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 521-2011-169
Note

Funders: Sahlgrenska Academy, ALFGBG137431;  Margarethahem Foundation; Research Foundation of Queen Silvia Children's Hospital 

Available from: 2016-12-16 Created: 2016-08-10 Last updated: 2019-02-11Bibliographically approved
Ozanne, A., Hällgren Graneheim, U., Ekstedt, G. & Malmgren, K. (2016). Patients’ expectations and experiences of epilepsy surgery: A population-based long-term qualitative study. Epilepsia, 57(4), 605-611
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patients’ expectations and experiences of epilepsy surgery: A population-based long-term qualitative study
2016 (English)In: Epilepsia, ISSN 0013-9580, E-ISSN 1528-1167, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 605-611Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective The aim of this prospective and population-based longitudinal study was to explore patients’ expectations before surgery and their experiences both short and long term after epilepsy surgery. Methods A national sample of adult patients answered open-ended questions preoperatively, 2 years after surgery and at a cross-sectional long-term follow-up (mean 13 years, standard deviation [SD] 1.85). The answers were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. Results Eighty patients participated in the study. Before surgery, patients experienced a belief in a “normal” life; they hoped for reduction of seizures and medication, a richer social life, and more self-confidence. However, they also experienced anxiety of the unknown. They were afraid of the operation, of continued seizures, and of complications. At both postoperative follow-ups patients experienced increased independence. They had symptom reduction, felt relief from worries and fears, and felt that they had a new life. However, some patients experienced that the operation had changed their life to the worse due to both psychological and neurologic adverse effects, regardless of whether they had obtained seizure freedom or improvement. Significance Positive experiences of epilepsy surgery dominated, both in the short and long term. However, attention must be paid to negative expectations before and negative experiences after surgery in order to provide individual support and information. This should increase the possibility for patients to have realistic hopes before surgery and to find coping strategies in the new life situation after surgery.

Keywords
Epilepsy surgery, Subjective experience, Outcome, Qualitative content analysis, Long-term
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9131 (URN)10.1111/epi.13333 (DOI)000373800800012 ()26864971 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84958292447 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 521-2011-169
Note

Article first published online: 11 FEB 2016

Funders: Swedish State Support for Clinical Research, ALFGBG137431

Available from: 2016-04-13 Created: 2016-02-26 Last updated: 2019-03-13Bibliographically approved
Hällgren Graneheim, U. & Åström, S. (2016). Until Death Do Us Part: Adult Relatives' Experiences of Everyday Life Close to Persons with Mental Ill-Health. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 37(8), 602-608
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Until Death Do Us Part: Adult Relatives' Experiences of Everyday Life Close to Persons with Mental Ill-Health
2016 (English)In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 37, no 8, p. 602-608Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study illuminates adult relatives' experiences of everyday life close to a person with mental ill-health. The study was based on nine diaries and four narrative interviews with relatives of people with mental ill-health. Data were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The participants experienced everyday life as a constant fight, for better and for worse, with psychiatric care. They were fighting for the mentally ill person's right to care; sometimes they felt resigned, but yet they had a confidence in the care. Their mission in life was to sacrifice themselves, meaning that they felt indispensable and became lonely and socially isolated. They considered their mission to last until death set them apart because they were keeping a family secret, and had great worries about the future. We conclude that relatives experience a two-folded stigma in living close to a person with mental ill-health and in becoming lonely and socially isolated.

National Category
Psychiatry Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9682 (URN)10.1080/01612840.2016.1192707 (DOI)000382784800010 ()27327496 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84975256719 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-12-16 Created: 2016-08-10 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0208-4343

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