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Björquist, Elisabet
Publications (9 of 9) Show all publications
Björquist, E., Isaksson, C. & Tryggvason, N. (2019). Digitalt stöd för delaktighet: Ungas användning av digital teknik inom ramen för kommunernas LSS-verksamhet. Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digitalt stöd för delaktighet: Ungas användning av digital teknik inom ramen för kommunernas LSS-verksamhet
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst, 2019. p. 24
Series
Rapport i korthet
Keywords
Digital delaktighet, ungdomar
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Social work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14004 (URN)
Available from: 2019-06-28 Created: 2019-06-28 Last updated: 2019-06-28Bibliographically approved
Björquist, E. (2016). Mind the gap: transition to adulthood – youths' with disabilities and their caregivers' perspectives. (Doctoral dissertation). Lund: Lunds University, Faculty of Medicine
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mind the gap: transition to adulthood – youths' with disabilities and their caregivers' perspectives
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Transition to adulthood, referring to the process of moving from childhood to adulthood, can be a complex period for youths with disabilities who might need special support transitioning into an independent life as adults. Caregivers are significant persons for the youths, which is why their own health and wellbeing is important. Therefore the overall aim of this thesis was to gain a deeper understanding of health and wellbeing, challenges, preferences and needs during the transition from childhood to adulthood in youths with disabilities and their caregivers. The thesis is comprised of two studies, study A focusing on the perspectives of youths with CP (Paper I) and of their caregivers (Paper II) and Study B focusing on the perspectives of immigrant youths with disabilities and caregivers from Middle Eastern countries residing in Sweden (Paper III and IV). Study A had a qualitative approach and involved focus groups and individual interviews with 12 male and female youths, 17-18 years of age, with CP and various physical and cognitive levels of disabilities (Paper I), as well as 15 mothers and fathers (Paper II). The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis. In Study B, a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods was used. Based on structured and semi-structured questionnaires in combination with open ended questions interviews were conducted in Swedish or Arabic with 17 male and female youths, 13-24 years of age with various disabilities and 10 mothers, five fathers and one sibling. The families were all immigrants with Middle Eastern origin and most of them had lived in Sweden for more than five years. The questionnaires Family Need Survey (FNS), Rotterdam Transition Profile (RTP) and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) were all translated and adapted to Swedish except for COPM where there already was a Swedish version. The results were analysed using mainly descriptive statistics and based on the framework of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health – Children & Youth Version (ICF-CY). The findings from study A showed that the experiences of youths and caregivers mostly concerned mental health and wellbeing described as both positive and negative experiences. Their family life was experienced as important, secure and convenient, which made the youths feel safe and gave parents a sense of meaningfulness. Youths described participation, socialising and love as being important, but also challenging and worrying. Caregivers experienced sorrow and anger and together with demanding logistics, planning and worrying, their health was affected negatively during their children's transition to adulthood. The findings from study B showed that youths were dependent on their caregivers for transportations, participating in leisure activities and socialising with friends. They were also dependent on their caregivers for the demanding of support and health care. The youths had few or no experiences of intimate relationships but felt that they were expected to get married in the future which worried them and their caregivers. Caregivers were uncomfortable with using the term intellectual disability. Caregivers needed help to understand their child's condition and to explain the child's condition to their wives/husbands. A significant difference was found in what problems youths identified with and what their caregivers identified as their youth's problems. The youths experienced problems with handling finances, transportations and seeking employment or daily activities whilst their caregiver thought their youth's primary problems involved self-care. The overall finding showed that to strengthen health and wellbeing in youths with disabilities and their caregivers and to meet challenges, preferences and needs during transition from childhood to adulthood both youths and caregivers need information and support. Both youths and caregivers expressed a desire for individualised support given by one person who could facilitate the transition period by coordinating information and give support based on individual preferences and needs. During the recruiting process in both studies, great challenges were experienced in finding participants. Collaboration with professionals in schools and leisure activities was found to be the most effective way to get in contact with immigrant youths and thereby also their caregivers. The findings from this thesis may enable professionals to develop and improve best practice guidelines for support, habilitation and health care in youths' transition. To facilitate for the youth to transfer from services with a family-centred approach to person-centred adult services, their autonomy must be strengthened by involving them in their own transition planning early on. Immigrant youths need special information and support about love and the freedom of choice to get married. The COPM and RTP are suggested to be used as tools in person-centred transition planning given they are used customized and applied with cultural sensibility. To enable those with communication limitations to give their independent voice the use of communication tools is necessary. Furthermore, the transition to person-centred adult support and health care should be flexible and not determined by biological age. However, youths need support by their caregivers who in turn might both need, and want, support for themselves and occasionally hands-on support. Guidance by a specially designated navigator aimed to support the whole family would be an option to meet individual needs. The information and support should be culturally sensitive with respect to various linguistic and cultural experiences. To close the gaps between systems of care collaboration was discussed to be necessary to facilitate the transition between support and health care for children and youths as well as services for adults. The use of ICF-CY as a framework for understanding needs and the standardised terminology in ICF-CY in documentation can facilitate this collaboration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Lunds University, Faculty of Medicine, 2016. p. 114
Keywords
Disability, youth, caregiver, transition to adulthood, immigrant, preferences, needs
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Social work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-10779 (URN)978-91-7619-261-0 (ISBN)9789176192610 (ISBN)
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-03-07 Created: 2017-03-07 Last updated: 2017-03-07Bibliographically approved
Björquist, E., Nordmark, E. & Hallström, I. (2016). Parents’ Experiences of Health and Needs When Supporting Their Adolescents With Cerebral PalsyDuring Transition to Adulthood. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 26(2), 2014-216
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parents’ Experiences of Health and Needs When Supporting Their Adolescents With Cerebral PalsyDuring Transition to Adulthood
2016 (English)In: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, ISSN 0194-2638, E-ISSN 1541-3144, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 2014-216Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT. Aims: Parents are the primary support providers for adolescents with disabilities,their health and wellbeing is therefore of great importance when planning foryouths’ transition into adulthood. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understandingof how parents of adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) experience their ownhealth and wellbeing and their needs for support during the adolescent’s transition toadulthood. Methods: An inductive qualitative approach was used, including interviewswith 15 mothers and fathers to 10 adolescents with CP aged 17–18 years. Latent contentanalysis was used for analyzing the data. Results: Themain theme “Friction blisters chafingand healing during transition” illustrates the parents’ experiences. Five sub-themesformed the parents’ experiences of concerns along with sorrow and stress in life, worriesabout what was to come, their need for support, strategies for coping, and experiencesof cohesion. Conclusions: Knowledge of parents’ experiences of their health, wellbeing,and needs provide valuable information for the planning of transition for adolescentswith disabilities. Help with parents’ sorrow, stress, and worry in daily life might be facilitatedand parental health safeguarded by a navigator who can both guide and givehands-on support.

Keywords
Adolescents, cerebral palsy, health andwellbeing, parents’ experiences, qualitative interviews, transition
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Public health science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9052 (URN)10.3109/01942638.2015.1101041 (DOI)
Available from: 2016-02-09 Created: 2016-02-09 Last updated: 2020-03-23Bibliographically approved
Björquist, E. (2015). Att få komma till tals (1. uppled.). In: Hansson, Kristofer & Nordmark, Eva (Ed.), Att arbeta med delaktighet inom habilitering: (pp. 111-126). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att få komma till tals
2015 (Swedish)In: Att arbeta med delaktighet inom habilitering / [ed] Hansson, Kristofer & Nordmark, Eva, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1. uppl, p. 111-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015 Edition: 1. uppl
Keywords
Rehabilitering, ungdomar, funktionsnedsättning
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Social work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9058 (URN)9789144107547 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-02-10 Created: 2016-02-10 Last updated: 2020-03-23Bibliographically approved
Björquist, E. (2015). Barn med funktionsnedsättning (2. [utök. och uppdaterade]ed.). In: Hallström, Inger & Lindberg, Tor (Ed.), Pediatrisk omvårdnad: (pp. 330-337). Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barn med funktionsnedsättning
2015 (Swedish)In: Pediatrisk omvårdnad / [ed] Hallström, Inger & Lindberg, Tor, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 2. [utök. och uppdaterade], p. 330-337Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2015 Edition: 2. [utök. och uppdaterade]
Keywords
Pediatrisk omvårdnad, barn, funktionsnedsättning
National Category
Social Work Nursing
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Social work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9059 (URN)9789147115099 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-02-10 Created: 2016-02-10 Last updated: 2020-03-23Bibliographically approved
Björquist, E., Nordmark, E. & Hallström, I. (2015). Living in transition: experiences of healthand well-being and the needs of adolescents with cerebral palsy. Child Care Health and Development, 41(2), 258-65
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Living in transition: experiences of healthand well-being and the needs of adolescents with cerebral palsy
2015 (English)In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 258-65Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:

Transition to adulthood for adolescents in general is a multifaceted process, and for adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) it also involves transition from child- to adult-oriented support. CP entails a variety and combination of disabilities, which in association with external factors may make the transition to adult health services difficult. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of how adolescents with CP experience their own health, well-being and need of support during their transition to adulthood.

METHODS:

An inductive qualitative approach was used based on interviews with 12 adolescents with CP aged 17-18 years and living in Sweden. Manifest and latent content analysis was used for the analysis of data.

RESULTS:

The results are described in the main theme 'Living in transition and looking forward to being an adult, but not feeling ready yet and being in need of further support'. Five subthemes highlight the adolescents' experiences of belonging to a family, of the importance of friends and love, of managing daily activities, being surrounded by support and having hopes for the future.

CONCLUSIONS:

Interviews with adolescents with CP provide valuable information for the planning of transition programmes and for the support of adolescents with disabilities who are in the transition to adult living. According to the adolescents in this study, the support should be flexible and not be fixed to biological age. Personal, individualized information and support was desired by the adolescents in order to be able to manage their own transition. One option to facilitate transition is the stepping-stone of being close to parents or staff members during the first phase, after leaving the parental home.

Keywords
adolescents; cerebral palsy; emerging adulthood; focus group interviews; health; transition
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Social work; NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Public health science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9050 (URN)10.1111/cch.12151 (DOI)24798111 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-02-09 Created: 2016-02-09 Last updated: 2020-03-23Bibliographically approved
Björquist, E., Holm, S. & Svensson, L. A. (2012). KAFU: en utvärderingsstudie av ett arbetsmarknadsprojekt. Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst
Open this publication in new window or tab >>KAFU: en utvärderingsstudie av ett arbetsmarknadsprojekt
2012 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I rapporten redovisas resultat, analyser och slutsatser av en utvärdering där utgångs-punkten var ett genomfört arbetsmarknadsprojekt i Trollhättans stad, vilket delvis finan-sierades av Europeiska Socialfonden. Utvärderingen har både ett tjänstemanna- och ett deltagarperspektiv.

När det gäller tjänstemannaperspektivet ska följande frågeställningar besvaras:

• Hur görs urvalet av deltagare?

• Hur görs bedömningen av enskilda deltagares motivation?

• Vilka förväntningar och föreställningar har tjänstemän på projektet?

• Vad menar tjänstemännen är viktiga faktorer för att lyckas med projektet?När det gäller deltagarperspektivet ska följande frågeställningar bevaras:

• Hur gick det till för att komma med i projektet?

• Vilka faktorer påverkar deltagarnas motivation att delta?

• Vilka tankar och erfarenheter har deltagarna om av att vara med i projektet?

• Vad anger deltagarna som viktiga faktorer för att lyckas?

Projektet är uppbyggt kring en modell som består av tre huvuddelar; antagning, folk-högskolestudier och en prövo- och introduktionstid. Målet är att deltagarna efter genom-fört projekt antingen ska ha ett arbete, påbörjat studier eller startat ett företag.Resultatet av utvärderingen bygger på fokusgrupper, intervjuer och dokument. Fokus-grupper har genomförts med tjänstemän. Intervjuer har genomförts med både tjänste-män och deltagare. Utvärderingsgruppen har haft tillgång till ett omfattande skriftligt material som belyser projektets olika delar. Det handlar om ett statistiskt material och tjänstemännens erfarenheter efter projektet.

För att illustrera antagningen redogörs för olika typfall; ett där antagningen var ”solklar”, ett där antagningen var tveksam och ett där det blev avslag. I samband med detta presenteras olika kännetecken som sedermera resulterade i antagning eller avslag. Det finns också fall som betraktas som självklara, men där personen ändå har svårt att komma i arbete. Ytterligare ett fall beskriver ett lyckat fall trots tveksamheter vid antag-ningen. Därefter redovisas tjänstemännens skriftliga erfarenheter av antagningsprocess-en samt vad som framkommit vid intervjuerna.Som framkom i det samlade materialet framstår urvalsprocessen som komplex och det är heller inte självklart vem eller vilka som borde bli deltagare i projektet. Det framgår å ena sidan att se att en deltagare som uppfyller kriterierna/kraven inte självklart lyckas i projektet, men att tveksamma fall ändå lyckas fullt ut. Det är alltså ingen enkel urvals-process att ta ut de rätta deltagarna. Det förefaller alltså vara så att projektets grundläg-gande krav enbart kan förklara en del av varför vissa lyckas bättre än andra.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst, 2012. p. 57
Series
Rapport Högskolan Väst
Keywords
Kronogården, arbete, företagande, utbildning
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Social work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14412 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-13 Created: 2019-09-13 Last updated: 2020-01-28
Björquist, E., Nordmark, E., Almasri, N. & Hallström, I.Identified problems during transition of immigrant youth with disabilities from Middle-Eastern countries: youths' and caregivers' priorities.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identified problems during transition of immigrant youth with disabilities from Middle-Eastern countries: youths' and caregivers' priorities
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keywords
Immigrants, youth, disabilities
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-10778 (URN)
Note

Ingår i avhandling

Available from: 2017-03-07 Created: 2017-03-07 Last updated: 2017-03-07Bibliographically approved
Björquist, E., Nordmark, E., Almasri, N. & Hallström, I.Immigrant youths with disabilities and caregivers from the Middle-East: Challenges and needs during transition to adulthood.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Immigrant youths with disabilities and caregivers from the Middle-East: Challenges and needs during transition to adulthood
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keywords
Immigrants, transition, young adults
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Social work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-10777 (URN)
Note

Ingår i avhandling

Available from: 2017-03-07 Created: 2017-03-07 Last updated: 2017-03-07Bibliographically approved
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