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Korp, P., Quennerstedt, M., Barker, D. & Johansson, A. (2023). Making sense of health in PE: conceptions of health among Swedish physical education teachers. Health Education, 123(2), 79-92
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making sense of health in PE: conceptions of health among Swedish physical education teachers
2023 (English)In: Health Education, ISSN 0965-4283, E-ISSN 1758-714X, Vol. 123, no 2, p. 79-92Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

Over the last couple of decades, health has become a central part of the subject content in physical education (PE) curricula in many countries. As a result, issues of health have been foregrounded much more clearly in the teaching of PE. The aim of this study was to explore how Swedish PE teachers make sense of health in relation to their teaching practices. This was done through investigating conceptions and theories about health in the teachers' descriptions of their teaching practices.

Design/methodology/approach

The data analyzed in this paper were collected through focus group and individual interviews with PE teachers in the grades 7-9 within compulsory schools in Sweden. The data were analyzed using thematic analysis.

Findings

Four dominant themes were identified in the data: 1) Health as a healthy attitude, 2) Health as a functional ability, 3) Health as fitness, 4) Health as mental wellbeing. There is a clear impact from healthism and obesity discourses on the teachers' accounts of health, but there is also an impact from holistic views and approaches to health. The authors contend that teachers should be explicit in what they mean by health in relation to what they teach, how they teach and why they teach health in a certain way.

Originality/value

The knowledge produced by this study is crucial since teachers' assumptions regarding health affect the subject content (what), the pedagogies (how), as well as the reasons (why) they teach health and therefore what students learn regarding health.

Keywords
Conceptions of health, Physical education, Subject content, Interviews, Thematic analysis
National Category
Pedagogy Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20708 (URN)10.1108/HE-11-2022-0086 (DOI)001039097000001 ()2-s2.0-85166414182 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC BY 4.0

Available from: 2023-12-29 Created: 2023-12-29 Last updated: 2024-04-10
Alm, E., Berg, L., Lundahl Hero, M., Johansson, A., Laskar, P., Martinsson, L., . . . Wasshede, C. (2021). An Epilogue. In: Alm, Erika; Berg, Linda; Lundahl Hero, Mikela; Johansson, Anna; Laskar, Pia; Martinsson, Lena; Mulinari, Diana; Wasshede, Cathrin (Ed.), Pluralistic Struggles in Gender, Sexuality and Coloniality: Challenging Swedish Exceptionalism (pp. 299-306). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Epilogue
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2021 (English)In: Pluralistic Struggles in Gender, Sexuality and Coloniality: Challenging Swedish Exceptionalism / [ed] Alm, Erika; Berg, Linda; Lundahl Hero, Mikela; Johansson, Anna; Laskar, Pia; Martinsson, Lena; Mulinari, Diana; Wasshede, Cathrin, Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, p. 299-306Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

I den bästa av världar [In the best of worlds]Den bästa av dagar [The best of days]Vi slapp ju nazister [We did not have Nazis]Så vad ska vi klaga? [So what should we complain about?]

In the above poem, trans* activist and spoken word poet Yolanda Aurora Bohm Ramirez (2018) both names the ways the lives of specific groups of people in Sweden are threatened by the increasing neo-Nazi violence and illuminates the response of the majoritarian population to these threats: their demands of silence where protest and criticism is made nearly impossible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2021
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15934 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-47432-4_11 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-10-08 Created: 2020-10-08 Last updated: 2020-10-08
Berg, L., Johansson, A., Laskar, P., Martinsson, L., Mulinari, D. & Wasshede, C. (2021). Contesting Secularism: Religious and Secular Binary Through Memory Work. In: Alm, Erika; Berg, Linda; Lundahl Hero, Mikela; Johansson, Anna; Laskar, Pia; Martinsson, Lena; Mulinari, Diana; Wasshede, Cathrin (Ed.), Pluralistic Struggles in Gender, Sexuality and Coloniality: Challenging Swedish Exceptionalism (pp. 269-297). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contesting Secularism: Religious and Secular Binary Through Memory Work
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2021 (English)In: Pluralistic Struggles in Gender, Sexuality and Coloniality: Challenging Swedish Exceptionalism / [ed] Alm, Erika; Berg, Linda; Lundahl Hero, Mikela; Johansson, Anna; Laskar, Pia; Martinsson, Lena; Mulinari, Diana; Wasshede, Cathrin, Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, p. 269-297Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The notion of Sweden as a secular nation-state, or rather the linkage between notions of secularism and gender equality, is strong in public discourse. Within this frame, religion is located in a traditional past and often understood as a hindrance to liberal and modern values.In this chapter we focus on our own situatedness as feminist researchers living in Sweden and thereby explore how, where and why ideologies of secularism entangled with notions of European values and superiority become dominant. Inspired by the feminist tradition of memory work, an aim is to explore the boundary between the secular and the religious through our own experiences and from our location in Sweden. The aim is also to search for counter-memories, both in the doing of secular (gendered) selves as well as the ongoing production of the "religious other".

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2021
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15933 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-47432-4_10 (DOI)978-3-030-47432-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-10-08 Created: 2020-10-08 Last updated: 2020-10-08
Johansson, A. (2021). Fat, Black and Unapologetic: Body Positive Activism Beyond White, Neoliberal Rights Discourses. In: Alm, Erika; Berg, Linda; Lundahl Hero, Mikela; Johansson, Anna; Laskar, Pia; Martinsson, Lena; Mulinari, Diana; Wasshede, Cathrin (Ed.), Pluralistic Struggles in Gender, Sexuality and Coloniality: Challenging Swedish Exceptionalism (pp. 113-146). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fat, Black and Unapologetic: Body Positive Activism Beyond White, Neoliberal Rights Discourses
2021 (English)In: Pluralistic Struggles in Gender, Sexuality and Coloniality: Challenging Swedish Exceptionalism / [ed] Alm, Erika; Berg, Linda; Lundahl Hero, Mikela; Johansson, Anna; Laskar, Pia; Martinsson, Lena; Mulinari, Diana; Wasshede, Cathrin, Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, p. 113-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Body positivity messages and practices are rapidly being spread transnationally, particularly in the form of digital activism, challenging oppressive body ideals and advocating for diversity and the acceptance of all body types. At the same time, however, the movement is increasingly being criticised for its commodification, how it goes hand in hand with neoliberalism and its lack of intersectional perspectives. This text investigates the potential of the expansion, redefinition and 'repoliticising' of body positivity beyond the white, neoliberal discourse. The analysis mainly dives into the texts and images of blogs by two body positive advocates, Leah Vernon and Stephanie Yeboah, who both identify as black and fat and who both address the issues of race and racism. It is suggested that through their body politics, they display how race and gender are intersected in the shaping of both body shaming and the production of 'proud' bodies, thus contributing to the situatedness of body positivity. The stance of being unapologetic in one's body—a central element of body positivity—is regarded as being reframed through the contestation of the whiteness privilege and racism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2021
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15929 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-47432-4_5 (DOI)978-3-030-47432-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-10-08 Created: 2020-10-08 Last updated: 2020-10-08
Barker, D., Quennerstedt, M., Johansson, A. & Korp, P. (2021). Fit for the job?: How corporeal expectations shape physical education teachers’ understandings of content, pedagogy, and the purposes of physical education. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 1-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fit for the job?: How corporeal expectations shape physical education teachers’ understandings of content, pedagogy, and the purposes of physical education
2021 (English)In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: People often expect physical education teachers to look fit and athletic, to do lots of physical activity, and to eat well. While ample research exists on physical education teachers’ bodies, relatively few scholars have investigated how physical educators relate corporeal expectations to broader ideas about subject content, pedagogy, and the purposes of the school subject. Aim: The specific aim of the paper is to identify the assumptions about content, pedagogy, and educational purposes that teachers make when they talk about a perceived need for physical educators to look fit and athletic. Method: To frame our work theoretically, we draw from a Swedish didaktik of physical education tradition and employ Bakhtin’s concept of speech genres, and Wertsch’s concept of privileging. Our empirical material consists of transcripts generated from 6 focus group and 6 individual interviews (24 teachers in total, average age of 40 years, average teaching experience 11 years). Findings: Data suggest that when teachers use an ‘athletic-looking teacher as healthy role model’ speech genre, they tend to privilege: (1) a particular version of health as subject content that involves not being too overweight and maintaining physical functionality in sports. This content is based on biomedical conceptions of health which foreground exercise, eating and weight, and a pathogenic reduction of risk; (2) particular pedagogies in PE that put the teacher at the centre of the pedagogical situation, and; (3) a certain educational purpose in PE, which is to educate citizens for healthy lives through participation in sport. With respect to this purpose, increasing body weight enters the genre as a potential obstacle for educational success. Discussion: The findings raise questions concerning appropriate curricular content and its relation to teacher identities. They suggest that learning possibilities may be missed when certain content, pedagogies, and outcomes are privileged. The findings also indicate how wider voices are implicated in the speech genre. Conclusion: The paper is concluded with reflections on the possibility for change regarding expectations of physical education teachers’ bodies and pedagogies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2021
Keywords
Didaktik; teachers; weight; bodies; content
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-17194 (URN)10.1080/17408989.2021.1934664 (DOI)000657161900001 ()2-s2.0-85107507709 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2017-03476
Available from: 2021-12-07 Created: 2021-12-07 Last updated: 2023-01-25
Alm, E., Berg, L., Lundahl Hero, M., Johansson, A., Laskar, P., Martinsson, L., . . . Wasshede, C. (2021). Introduction. In: Alm, Erika; Berg, Linda; Lundahl Hero, Mikela; Johansson, Anna; Laskar, Pia; Martinsson, Lena; Mulinari, Diana; Wasshede, Cathrin (Ed.), Pluralistic Struggles in Gender, Sexuality and Coloniality: Challenging Swedish Exceptionalism (pp. 1-18). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction
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2021 (English)In: Pluralistic Struggles in Gender, Sexuality and Coloniality: Challenging Swedish Exceptionalism / [ed] Alm, Erika; Berg, Linda; Lundahl Hero, Mikela; Johansson, Anna; Laskar, Pia; Martinsson, Lena; Mulinari, Diana; Wasshede, Cathrin, Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The focus of this book is on the many far from predictable transformative political processes on gender, sexuality and coloniality that grow out of the broad range of bodies and actors engaged in politics outside the hegemonic order and in everyday activities. These processes are not conducted by states, governments or transnational nongovernmental organisations; rather, they are examples of politics in-between states, organisations and national imagined communities. In this first chapter we will introduce some of the main themes, regarding these processes we in our joint research programme have worked on over the last couple of years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2021
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15930 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-47432-4_1 (DOI)978-3-030-47432-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-10-08 Created: 2020-10-08 Last updated: 2020-10-08
Baker, D., Quennerstedt, M., Johansson, A. & Korp, P. (2021). Physical Education Teachers and Competing Obesity Discourses: An Examination of Emerging Professional Identities. Journal of teaching in physical education, 40(4), 642-651
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physical Education Teachers and Competing Obesity Discourses: An Examination of Emerging Professional Identities
2021 (English)In: Journal of teaching in physical education, ISSN 0273-5024, E-ISSN 1543-2769, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 642-651Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To provide insight into how physical education teachers use discursive resources related to obesity to create particular professional identities. Method: Data come from focus group and individual interviews with physical education teachers in Sweden. Discourse theory on teacher identities frame the analysis of the empirical material. Results: Data suggest that teachers in Sweden make use of six distinct but related discursive contributions to produce three professional identities: the caring practitioner, an identity concerned with ensuring all pupils irrespective of size participate in physical education; the activity luminary, an identity that focuses on inspiring pupils toward activity across the lifespan, and; the body rationalist, an identity concerned with challenging unrealistic media discourses and reassuring pupils that they have “normal” bodies. Discussion: The identities appear more inclusive, sensitive, and critical than current physical education literature on obesity suggests, however they also contain elements that are fundamentally unsympathetic to overweight individuals.

Keywords
Bodies, health, overweight, physical activity
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-16296 (URN)10.1123/jtpe.2020-0110 (DOI)000695588000015 ()2-s2.0-85107481863 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-02-15 Created: 2021-02-15 Last updated: 2022-03-31Bibliographically approved
Alm, E., Berg, L., Lundahl Hero, M., Johansson, A., Laskar, P., Martinsson, L., . . . Wasshede, C. (Eds.). (2021). Pluralistic Struggles in Gender, Sexuality and Coloniality: Challenging Swedish Exceptionalism. Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pluralistic Struggles in Gender, Sexuality and Coloniality: Challenging Swedish Exceptionalism
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2021 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This open access book seeks to understand how politics is being made in a pluralistic sense, and explores how these political struggles are challenging and transforming gender, sexuality, and colonial norms. As researchers located in Sweden, a nation often cited as one of the most gender-equal and LGBTQ-tolerant nations, the contributions investigate political processes, decolonial struggles, and events beyond, nearby, and in between organizations, states, and national territories. The collection represents a variety of disciplines, and different theoretical conceptualizations of politics, feminist theory, and postcolonial and queer studies. Students and researchers with an interest of queer studies, gender studies, critical whiteness studies, and civil society studies will find this book an invaluable resource.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2021. p. 316
Keywords
transforming gender, sexuality, colonial norms
National Category
Gender Studies
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Social work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15931 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-47432-4 (DOI)978-3-030-47432-4 (ISBN)978-3-030-47431-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-10-08 Created: 2020-10-08 Last updated: 2020-10-13Bibliographically approved
Quennerstedt, M., Barker, D., Johansson, A. & Korp, P. (2021). The relation between teaching physical education and discourses on body weight - an integrative review of research. CURRICULUM STUDIES IN HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION, 12(3), 287-305
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relation between teaching physical education and discourses on body weight - an integrative review of research
2021 (English)In: CURRICULUM STUDIES IN HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION, ISSN 2574-2981, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 287-305Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this integrative review of research is to contribute to knowledge about the relation between teaching physical education (PE) and discourses of body weight. The review consists of summarising and synthesising features focusing on how discourses on the relation between teaching PE and body weight in scientific literature in different ways shape the idea of the role of PE. The results of the review reveal that the purposes, content, and forms for teaching PE constitute three discourses of teaching PE in relation to body weight: (i) a risk discourse, (ii) a critical obesity discourse, and (iii) a pluralistic discourse. From these discourses, five different roles of PE are identified; (i) Solving obesity and inactivity, (ii) Including overweight pupils, (iii) Rejecting an obesity epidemic, (iv) Supporting and understanding overweight pupils, and (v) Transforming PE in relation to a plurality of perspectives on body weight. As a consequence, we urge practitioners to take a reflective distance towards the purpose, content, and the pedagogies they are employing in relation to discourses on body weight in order to make informed decisions regarding PE curricula.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2021
Keywords
Teaching; learning; curriculum; obesity; health education
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Pedagogy
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-17563 (URN)10.1080/25742981.2021.1894407 (DOI)000702099000007 ()2-s2.0-85116257646 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2021-11-08 Created: 2021-11-08 Last updated: 2022-03-29
Johansson, A. (2019). Exempel 3: Lärarens relation till barn med "problembild" och med deras föräldrar. In: Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.) (Ed.), Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd (pp. 50-56). Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exempel 3: Lärarens relation till barn med "problembild" och med deras föräldrar
2019 (Swedish)In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 50-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2019
Keywords
Problembarn, Lärare och elever, Lärare och föräldrar, forskning
National Category
Learning
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Social work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13495 (URN)978-91-47-12700-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-02-07 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2589-0631

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