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Kapetanovic, S., Rothenberg, W. A., Lansford, J. E., Bornstein, M. H., Chang, L., Deater-Deckard, K., . . . Bacchini, D. (2020). Cross-Cultural Examination of Links between Parent-Adolescent Communication and Adolescent Psychological Problems in 12 Cultural Groups.. Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cross-Cultural Examination of Links between Parent-Adolescent Communication and Adolescent Psychological Problems in 12 Cultural Groups.
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2020 (English)In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Internalizing and externalizing problems increase during adolescence. However, these problems may be mitigated by adequate parenting, including effective parent-adolescent communication. The ways in which parent-driven (i.e., parent behavior control and solicitation) and adolescent-driven (i.e., disclosure and secrecy) communication efforts are linked to adolescent psychological problems universally and cross-culturally is a question that needs more empirical investigation. The current study used a sample of 1087 adolescents (M = 13.19 years, SD = 0.90, 50% girls) from 12 cultural groups in nine countries including China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States to test the cultural moderation of links between parent solicitation, parent behavior control, adolescent disclosure, and adolescent secrecy with adolescent internalizing and externalizing problems. The results indicate that adolescent-driven communication, and secrecy in particular, is intertwined with adolescents' externalizing problems across all cultures, and intertwined with internalizing problems in specific cultural contexts. Moreover, parent-driven communication efforts were predicted by adolescent disclosure in all cultures. Overall, the findings suggest that adolescent-driven communication efforts, and adolescent secrecy in particular, are important predictors of adolescent psychological problems as well as facilitators of parent-adolescent communication.

Keywords
Adolescent secrecy, Parent-adolescent communication, Psychological problems, Universal parenting
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15060 (URN)10.1007/s10964-020-01212-2 (DOI)32166654 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85081934369& (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 695300-HKADeC-ERC-2015-Ad
Note

Funders: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Developmen(RO1-HD054805 & P2CHD065563);National Institute on Drug Abuse(P30 DA023026);

Available from: 2020-03-16 Created: 2020-03-16 Last updated: 2020-04-06Bibliographically approved
Gurdal, S. & Sorbring, E. (2019). Education and Parenting in Sweden. In: Sorbring, Emma; Lansford, Jennifer E. (Ed.), School Systems, Parent Behavior, and Academic Achievement: An International Perspective (pp. 95-109). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Education and Parenting in Sweden
2019 (English)In: School Systems, Parent Behavior, and Academic Achievement: An International Perspective / [ed] Sorbring, Emma; Lansford, Jennifer E., Springer, 2019, p. 95-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Swedish children's rights to school and a childhood were discussed as early as 1900 and today nearly all (99.9%) Swedish children from the age of six attend comprehensive school for ten years. Comprehensive school, both private and public, is free of charge and compulsory for everyone. In general, Sweden is described as a country where young people are perceived as individuals with agency, both in the family and in school. It is expected that students should be treated with respect and taught about their rights and how to practice them. Teachers are supposed to encourage young people's agency by, for example, letting them take responsibility and be involved in decisions about the school work and their lives. This is related to the goal of teaching young people more about how to become citizens and about democratic values in society. Although Swedish schools have a high interest in students' own agency and their mental health, politics put pressure on the schools to achieve higher academic success among students. This chapter presents the current Swedish education system and its challenges when it comes to maintaining high values concerning students' mental health and, simultaneously, striving for better academic results, focusing particularly on families belonging to the lower socioeconomic class and with a migration background.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Series
Young People and Learning Processes in School and Everyday Life, ISSN 2522-5642, E-ISSN 2522-5650 ; Vol 3
Keywords
Childhood, education, Sweden
National Category
Pedagogical Work Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Educational science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14430 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-28277-6_8 (DOI)978-3-030-28277-6 (ISBN)978-3-030-28277-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-09-23 Created: 2019-09-23 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved
Gurdal, S. (2019). Exempel 5: FöräldraResursen: att samverka för stöd till föräldrar. In: Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.) (Ed.), Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd (pp. 65-71). Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exempel 5: FöräldraResursen: att samverka för stöd till föräldrar
2019 (Swedish)In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 65-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2019
Keywords
Föräldraskap
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13498 (URN)978-91-47-12700-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-02-07 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved
Gurdal, S. (2019). When it becomes a diagnosis: a study of professionals’ work after Internet Gaming Disorder, IGD, becomes a diagnosis. In: : . Paper presented at Narrowing paths – transgressive routes Youth in changing times:new forms of inequality,risk and resistance,Nordic Youth Research Symposium (NYRIS) in Aarhus 14 - 16 August 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>When it becomes a diagnosis: a study of professionals’ work after Internet Gaming Disorder, IGD, becomes a diagnosis
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Today various professionals’ work involves diagnosing children and youth. This affects children and youth in different ways, among them, their performance in school. A new diagnosis can be both positive and negative. Those who support a diagnosis claim that without one, it is difficult to help people with problems or do research. But a negative aspect can be that people who receive a diagnosis can be stigmatised and suffer from lower self-esteem.

In 2018, the World Health Organisation put out a statement clarifying that too much gaming would now be classified as Internet Gaming Disorder. 87 % of Swedish children aged 9-12 play different games on the Internet or in other settings every day. Excessive gaming has long been discussed and can be seen as a problem in itself or as a problem related to something else. There is not much research into gaming disorder and with this new diagnosis more knowledge is required.

The purpose of this study is to interview different professional groups who work with children and youths: student health professionals (e.g. school nurses), social services (e.g. family support) and child psychiatry. The aim is to gain more knowledge about how these professionals’ work changes when a new diagnosis is classified. What do they learn and how do they collaborate? Another aim is to study which approach they take in regard to children’s agency after a new diagnosis. 

Keywords
internet gaming disorders, diagnosis
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology; Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14741 (URN)
Conference
Narrowing paths – transgressive routes Youth in changing times:new forms of inequality,risk and resistance,Nordic Youth Research Symposium (NYRIS) in Aarhus 14 - 16 August 2019
Available from: 2019-12-06 Created: 2019-12-06 Last updated: 2019-12-17Bibliographically approved
Gurdal, S. & Sorbring, E. (2018). Children's agency in parent-child, teacher-pupil and peer relationship contexts. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 13(sup1), Article ID 1565239.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's agency in parent-child, teacher-pupil and peer relationship contexts
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, no sup1, article id 1565239Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine children's perception of their agency in different relationship contexts. Historically, most studies conducted in Sweden concerning children's agency, in relation to their self-efficacy and perceptions of their effectiveness as agents, have been carried out in school situations or other institutional organizations. Past research has shown that children'sagency has positive links to health, school achievement and/or adjustment. Method: Interviews were conducted with 103 10-year-old Swedish children to examine three relationship contexts: parent-child, teacher-pupil, and peer relations. Vignettes about the different contexts were presented to the children and their answers were analysed with thematic analysis. Results: The results show that children think of their agency differently depending upon which relationship context they find themselves in. Most perceived agency are found insituations with peers, and children perceive they have the least agency with teachers. In situations with parents, children think they would react with more resistance than with peers and teachers. It is mainly with other children that they would show assertiveness and try to find asolution together, while they would be more emotional and perceive less power with adults. Conclusion: We conclude that children make adistinction in their perception of agency depending upon the relationship context. These findings can be relevant for helping children receive more agency in all contexts, which might have apositive impact on health and adjustment.

Keywords
Agency, parent relationship, peer relationships, teacher relationship, well-being
National Category
Pedagogical Work Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13472 (URN)10.1080/17482631.2019.1565239 (DOI)000459729600014 ()30709328 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85060905831 (Scopus ID)
Note

Published online: 01 Feb 2019

Available from: 2019-02-04 Created: 2019-02-04 Last updated: 2019-10-23Bibliographically approved
Sorbring, E. & Gurdal, S. (2018). Komplexa internationella forskningssamarbeten: Att bryta den akademiska kolonialismen och hitta nya vägar. In: Kerstin von Brömssen, Signild Risenfors & Lena Sjöberg (Ed.), Samhälle, genus och pedagogik: utbildningsvetenskapliga perspektiv : vänbok till IngaWernersson (pp. 241-256). Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Komplexa internationella forskningssamarbeten: Att bryta den akademiska kolonialismen och hitta nya vägar
2018 (Swedish)In: Samhälle, genus och pedagogik: utbildningsvetenskapliga perspektiv : vänbok till IngaWernersson / [ed] Kerstin von Brömssen, Signild Risenfors & Lena Sjöberg, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018, p. 241-256Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Att uppleva, att ta intryck av och att lära från andra kulturer är något de flesta uppskattar och strävar efter genom att läsa böcker, se på film och allra helst genom att resa. Från våra upplevelser bär vi med oss inte bara uppdaterade mat- och klädrepertoarer, utan också nya sätt att uttrycka oss och nya sätt att hantera situationer. Det här kapitlet kommer varken handla om spännande matupplevelser eller moderna begrepp och uttryck, utan om kulturella utbyten. Att gränsöverskridande internationella samarbeten resulterar i kunskap som vi annars inte hade kunnat utveckla är uppenbart och tydligt i forskningslitteraturen, men huruvida dessa samarbeten bidrar till utveckling av forskningen, forskaren själv och de lärosäten som är inblandade, är inte lika väl dokumenterat. Internationella gränsöverskridande samarbeten inom akademin kan vara krävande både för forskaren och lärosätet och det är därför värt att ställa sig frågan: Utvecklas ämnesområdet, forskaren och lärosätet i dessa komplexa internationella forskningssamarbeten eller kräver samarbetet kompromisser som går ut över forskningen, forskaren och lärosätet på olika sätt?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst, 2018
Keywords
Kulturella utbyten, forskningssamarbete, projekt
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13410 (URN)9789188847171 (ISBN)9789188847164 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-17 Created: 2019-01-17 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Gurdal, S. (2018). När det blir en sjukdom: en studie om hur olika yrkesprofessioners arbete påverkas då spelberoende, 'Internet Gaming Disorder', blir en diagnos.. In: Nya vägar, nya perspektiv: Barn- och ungdoms nätverket i samarbete med Tema barn, Linkopings universitet. Paper presented at NYA VAGAR, NYA PERSPEKTIV PA BARN- OCH UNGDOMSFORSKNING? 6-7 december 2018 (pp. 8-8). Linköping: Linköpings universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>När det blir en sjukdom: en studie om hur olika yrkesprofessioners arbete påverkas då spelberoende, 'Internet Gaming Disorder', blir en diagnos.
2018 (Swedish)In: Nya vägar, nya perspektiv: Barn- och ungdoms nätverket i samarbete med Tema barn, Linkopings universitet, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2018, p. 8-8Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Idag arbetar flera verksamheter på olika sätt med de diagnoser som finns och påverkar barn och ungdomar i skolan. Nya diagnoser tillkommer då och då, och sommaren 2018 informerade Världshälsoorganisationen (WHO) om att TV-spelberoende nu klassas som en diagnos, s.k. Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD). TV-spel av olika karaktär är frekvent använda av barn och ungdomar och i Sverige spelar 87 % av barn 9-12 år varje dag. Spelberoende är omdiskuterat och kan ses som ett eget problem eller en följd av andra problem. Avsaknaden av forskning inom området innebar att American Pyschiatric Association uppmanade till mer forskning om Internet Gaming Disorder och med en IGD-diagnos från WHO kommer mer kunskap inom området att behövas. Syftet med föreliggande studie är att följa hur elevhälsans, socialtjänstens och hälso- och sjukvårdens arbete förändras i och med en ny diagnos och vilket lärande som därigenom kommer till stånd. Vidare ska studien undersöka hur förhållningssättet till barns och ungdomars aktörskap ser ut vid ny diagnos.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2018
Keywords
Internet gaming disorder, spelberoende barn
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13383 (URN)
Conference
NYA VAGAR, NYA PERSPEKTIV PA BARN- OCH UNGDOMSFORSKNING? 6-7 december 2018
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-08 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved
Skinner, A. T., Sorbring, E., Gurdal, S., Lansford, J. E., Bornstein, M. H., Chang, L., . . . Bombi, A. S. (2017). Cross-national collaboration in the study of parenting and child adjustment. In: Goetz Egloff (Ed.), Child-rearing: Practices, attitudes and cultural differences (pp. 1-19). Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cross-national collaboration in the study of parenting and child adjustment
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2017 (English)In: Child-rearing: Practices, attitudes and cultural differences / [ed] Goetz Egloff, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2017, p. 1-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2017
Series
Family issues in the 21st century
Keywords
Parenting, child rearing
National Category
Social Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11262 (URN)978-1-53612-778-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-10-19 Created: 2017-10-19 Last updated: 2019-02-27Bibliographically approved
Gurdal, S. & Bolin, A. (2017). Föräldraresursen: att samverka för stöd till föräldrar. Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Föräldraresursen: att samverka för stöd till föräldrar
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst, 2017
Series
Rapport i korthet
Keywords
Föräldrastöd, Uddevalla kommun, Högskolan Väst
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Social work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11827 (URN)
Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2017-11-28
Gurdal, S., Lansford, J. E. & Sorbring, E. (2016). Parental perceptions of children’s agency: Parental warmth, school achievement and adjustment. Early Child Development and Care, 186(8), 1203-1211
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parental perceptions of children’s agency: Parental warmth, school achievement and adjustment
2016 (English)In: Early Child Development and Care, ISSN 0300-4430, E-ISSN 1476-8275, Vol. 186, no 8, p. 1203-1211Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study examined Swedish mothers’ and fathers’ warmth towards their children in relation to their children's agency. It also examined the longitudinal relation between agency and children's externalising, internalising, and school achievement. Swedish children's mothers and fathers (N = 93) were interviewed at three time points (when children were 8, 9, and 10 years old) about their warmth towards their children, children's agency, and children's externalising and internalising behaviours and school achievement. Parental warmth at Time 1 was significantly correlated with child agency at Time 2, which was significantly correlated with child externalising and internalising behaviours and academic achievement at Time 3. There were no differences between girls and boys. Results from this study indicate that Swedish parents’ warmth is directly related to subsequent perceptions of children's agency, which in turn are related to subsequently lower child externalising and internalising problems and higher academic achievement. These findings held in the context of a three-year longitudinal study and for both boys and girls, suggesting the importance of child agency in the link between parental warmth and children's adjustment.

Keywords
personal agency, parental warmth, school achievement, children's adjustment, parenting
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology; Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-8002 (URN)10.1080/03004430.2015.1083559 (DOI)000380278100002 ()27570362 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84941695814 (Scopus ID)
Note

Published online: 15 Sep 2015

Available from: 2015-08-27 Created: 2015-08-27 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7881-5670

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