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Nilsson, S. (2015). Design Patterns for Visualization of User Activities in a Synchronous Shared Workspace. International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning, 8(3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design Patterns for Visualization of User Activities in a Synchronous Shared Workspace
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning, ISSN 1867-5565, E-ISSN 1867-5565, Vol. 8, no 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Scholars in fields such as Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) have extensively covered the general theme of distributed collaboration in the past few decades. Recent advances in web technologies have pushed forward the boundaries of what is possible to create on the web, aiding the development of various types of collaborative software. Standing on the shoulders of previous research, and in the light of the new web technologies, we here outline the development of what we label a "synchronous shared workspace". The purpose of the system is to serve as a web-based collaboration tool for small groups of geographically and/or temporally dispersed persons within a learning context. Designing this type of system presents interesting challenges on how to graphically visualize the presence of others and their activities, i.e. awareness information. Further, the system provides other types of functionalities such as visualizing previous activities and real-time manipulation of media objects that provides challenges for designers. Utilizing a "design pattern" approach, this paper explores visualization patterns for collaboration in shared workspaces in order to support mutual awareness and coordination activities. Five design patterns were implemented in the system and evaluated by a small group of online learners. The results support the notion that visualization of awareness information is a complex issue and that the work to provide effortless coordination of collaboration is a research interest that needs more attention.

Keyword
Awareness;design patterns;synchronous shared workspace;coordination
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9030 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-05 Created: 2016-02-05 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, S. (2015). Exploring Design Patterns of Shared Interfaces for Web Collaboration. In: David Guralnick, Ph.D. (Ed.), Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on E-Learning in the Workplace: . Paper presented at The International Conference on E-Learning in the Workplace 2015 ICELW 2015 June 10th-12th, New York, NY, USA.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Design Patterns of Shared Interfaces for Web Collaboration
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on E-Learning in the Workplace / [ed] David Guralnick, Ph.D., 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Scholars in fields such as Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) have extensively covered the general theme of distributed collaboration in the past few decades. Recent advances in web technologies havepushed forward the boundaries of what is possible to create on the web, aiding the development of various types of collaborative software. Standing on the shoulders of previous research, and in the light of the new web technologies, we here outline the development of what we label a "synchronous shared workspace". The purpose of the system is to serve as a web-based collaboration tool for small groups of geographically and/or temporally dispersed persons within a learning context. Designing this type ofsystem presents interesting challenges on how to graphically visualize the presence of others and their activities, i.e. awareness information. Further, the system provides other types of functionalities such as visualizing previous activities and real-time manipulation of media objects that provideschallenges for designers. Utilizing a "design pattern" approach, this paper explores visualization patterns for collaboration in shared workspaces in order to supportmutual awareness and coordination activities. Five design patterns were implemented in the system and evaluated by a small group of online learners. The results support the notion that visualization of awareness information is acomplex issue and that the work to provide effortless coordination of collaboration is a field that needs more attention.

Keyword
Awareness, design patterns, synchronous shared workspace, coordination.
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7891 (URN)978-0-9827670-5-4 (ISBN)
Conference
The International Conference on E-Learning in the Workplace 2015 ICELW 2015 June 10th-12th, New York, NY, USA
Available from: 2015-08-13 Created: 2015-08-13 Last updated: 2015-12-22Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, S. & Svensson, L. (2015). Presenting the Kludd: A Shared Workspace for Collaboration. In: GROUP '14 Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Supporting Group Work: . Paper presented at 18th International Conference on Supporting Group Work, (pp. 295-298). New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Presenting the Kludd: A Shared Workspace for Collaboration
2015 (English)In: GROUP '14 Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Supporting Group Work, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015, p. 295-298Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this poster, we would like to present the current state of the Kludd system. Kludd is a web-based collaboration tool, enabling users to collaborate around various media objects like images, videos, texts and audio in a shared workspace. The design metaphor is an online whiteboard, where multiple actors can add, manipulate and remove objects, all while everyone sees the same view. The system is made with standard components like HTML5, CSS3 and a number of open-source javascript libraries enabling real-time collaboration in a browser. Utilizing a Design Science Research methodology, the initial design was based on 9 design requirements. In this poster, a further four requirements are presented as a result of the analysis of the first phase, and an initial design of the second phase of the project is presented

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015
Keyword
Shared workspace, collaboration, real-time, HTML5
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9029 (URN)10.1145/2660398.2663775 (DOI)978-1-4503-3043-5 (ISBN)
Conference
18th International Conference on Supporting Group Work,
Available from: 2016-02-05 Created: 2016-02-05 Last updated: 2016-02-05Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, S. (2015). Utilizing emerging web standards designing a Synchronous Shared Workspace. In: Proceedings of E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2015: . Paper presented at E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, Oct 19, 2015 in Kona, Hawaii, United States (pp. 1157-1161). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utilizing emerging web standards designing a Synchronous Shared Workspace
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2015, Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2015, p. 1157-1161Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This brief paper is part of a larger project aimed at innovating mediated collaboration in higher education. In this paper, we will discuss technology needed to be able to develop a web based synchronous shared workspace. With the emerging HTML5 standard together with the JavaScript platform called "Node.js" utilizing WebSocket communication, it is possible to create able web based real-time systems. Preliminary testing reveals the setup very reliable, supporting collaborative processes even on bad wireless connections.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2015
Keyword
Collaboration, Communication, Standards, WIL, Work-integrated learning
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9020 (URN)
Conference
E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, Oct 19, 2015 in Kona, Hawaii, United States
Available from: 2016-02-05 Created: 2016-02-05 Last updated: 2016-02-05Bibliographically approved
Svensson, L. & Nilsson, S. (2014). Re-thinking the LMS: Designing for Engaged Collaboration. In: M. Searson & M. Ochoa (Ed.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2014: . Paper presented at Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, Mar 17, 2014 in Jacksonville, Florida, United States (pp. 1702-1707). Chesapeake, VA: AACE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Re-thinking the LMS: Designing for Engaged Collaboration
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2014 / [ed] M. Searson & M. Ochoa, Chesapeake, VA: AACE , 2014, p. 1702-1707Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

While there has been extensive research done on technology supporting communication and interaction in online higher education, this research focus on the potential of new web development tools for designing educational technologies. With the recent advent and maturity of the HTML5-standard together with CSS3 and advanced javascript libraries such as jQuery andNode.js developers now have access to tools enabling them to create dynamic, web-based systemssupporting rich social interaction & collaboration between students & educators with features that were previously only available in proprietary applications. This paper reports from an ongoingresearch project utilizing a design research approach aimed at creating and evaluating such a tool.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chesapeake, VA: AACE, 2014
Keyword
Higher education, online tools, interaction, WIL, Work-integrated Learning, AIL
National Category
Information Systems Pedagogical Work
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics; Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7189 (URN)978-1-939797-07-0 (ISBN)
Conference
Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, Mar 17, 2014 in Jacksonville, Florida, United States
Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, S., Svensson, L. & Lundin, J. (2013). Working as an Online Educator: Challenges when scaling up distance education. In: Ron McBride; Michael Searson (Ed.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2013: . Paper presented at Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, Mar 25, 2013 in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States (pp. 881-885). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Working as an Online Educator: Challenges when scaling up distance education
2013 (English)In: Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2013 / [ed] Ron McBride; Michael Searson, Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE) , 2013, p. 881-885Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In recent years online and blended learning has scaled up from being a pilot endeavour driven by pioneers, to constituting a large portion of many institutions of higher education. In the process, the conditions for the online teacher has gradually changed, and the situation of today is in many ways problematic where student interaction and dialogue has to stand back in favour of time consuming content production, material delivery, and technical problem solving. This paper draws on the experiences from a Scandinavian University to illustrate how this transition can be understood in the light of rapid technological development in combination with slow evolution of pedagogical models for online education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), 2013
Keyword
Blended learning, online teaching, WIL, Work-integrated learning, AIL
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7316 (URN)978-1-939797-02-5 (ISBN)
Conference
Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, Mar 25, 2013 in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
Available from: 2015-02-05 Created: 2015-02-05 Last updated: 2015-02-05Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, S. & Svensson, L. (2012). Supporting participation in online learning communities with awareness information. International Journal of Web Based Communities, 8(4), 537-549
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supporting participation in online learning communities with awareness information
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Web Based Communities, ISSN 1477-8394, E-ISSN 1741-8216, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 537-549Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article sets out to investigate the relationship between awareness information and participation in an online learning community (OLC). Inspired by the sociocultural notion of learning as social participation, this article will analyse the events that took place in an online photo gallery equipped with a system for visualising co-present users. The article discusses the importance of why social systems should support the creation, recreation and reinforcement of social norms to better facilitate participation. The article concludes by presenting four design implications of educational technologies supporting participation as well as a section referencing the importance of a transactional perspective in order to understand the effects of awareness information.                                                     

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InderScience Publishers, 2012
Keyword
Computing And Mathematics, Internet And Web Services, Computing And Mathematics, Internet And Web Services
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-5025 (URN)10.1504/IJWBC.2012.049565 (DOI)2-s2.0-84867474629 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2013-01-07 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, S., Hattinger, M., Bernhardsson, L., Pongolini, M. & Svensson, L. (2011). Designing the CloudBoard: an ICT Tool for Online Tutoring in Higher Education. In: Matthew Koehler & Punya Mishra (Ed.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2011: . Paper presented at Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2011 (pp. 589-592). Chesapeake, VA: AACE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Designing the CloudBoard: an ICT Tool for Online Tutoring in Higher Education
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2011 (English)In: Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2011 / [ed] Matthew Koehler & Punya Mishra, Chesapeake, VA: AACE , 2011, p. 589-592Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper concerns online tutoring in higher education. Observation studies of online tutoring sessions in two masters level engineering courses were conducted where teachers on campus tutored students located at different manufacturing plants doing their masters project. The tutoring regarded problems surrounding the construction of advanced 3D-models for manufacturing and required the shared view of the 3D-models as well as synchronous voice communication, e-mail and image sharing using a flora of different services. While advanced screen sharing applications like WebEX and TeamViewer were central in the tutoring sessions, the research presented here focus on the tools that supplemented the use of the screen sharing applications. Addressing issues such as the need to record historical data to be able for teachers to follow the progression of the project, sharing media files between participants and discussing the results, we here present a system to support online tutoring in higher education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chesapeake, VA: AACE, 2011
Keyword
online tutoring, higher education
National Category
Human Aspects of ICT
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Educational science; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-4060 (URN)1–880094–84–3 (ISBN)
Conference
Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2011
Available from: 2012-01-13 Created: 2012-01-13 Last updated: 2015-01-14Bibliographically approved
Jobe, W. & Nilsson, S. (2011). Designing the CloudBoard: an innovative tool for collaborative e-learning environments using HTML5. In: Leino, Timo (Ed.), Proceedings of IRIS 2011: TUCS Lecture Notes No 15, October 2011.. Paper presented at IRIS2011 (pp. 327-338). Turku: Turku Centre for Computer Science
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Designing the CloudBoard: an innovative tool for collaborative e-learning environments using HTML5
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of IRIS 2011: TUCS Lecture Notes No 15, October 2011. / [ed] Leino, Timo, Turku: Turku Centre for Computer Science , 2011, p. 327-338Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to summarize the concepts of e-learning, LMS/VLE and cloud-based computing and present how the use of these technologies trends towards collaboration and interactive multimedia. Another purpose is to define and explain this trend in e-learning environments and technologies by presenting research grounded in constructivist learning theory. Subsequently, this paper summarizes the current situation of online whiteboard tools and the new HTML5 standard and key attributes. Next, this paper outlines how an open HTML5 solution for a collaborative, cloud-based, online whiteboard can improve accessibility, performance, collaboration, and security plus offer enhanced multimedia opportunities. Finally, this paper concludes with a presentation of an early prototype of an open, cloud-based online whiteboard, an e-learning cloudboard, which utilizes the advancements found in HTML5 and modern JavaScript libraries such as JQuery.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Turku: Turku Centre for Computer Science, 2011
Keyword
LMS, HTML5, Distance Learning, E-Learning, Cloud
National Category
Human Aspects of ICT
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-4063 (URN)978-952-12-2648-9 (ISBN)
Conference
IRIS2011
Available from: 2012-01-13 Created: 2012-01-13 Last updated: 2014-05-08Bibliographically approved
Jobe, W. & Nilsson, S. (2011). Designing the CloudBoard: an innovative tool for collaborative e-learning environments using HTML5. In: Proceedings of 24th ICDE World Conference 2011. Paper presented at 24th ICDE World Conference 2011. Universitas Terbuka
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Designing the CloudBoard: an innovative tool for collaborative e-learning environments using HTML5
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of 24th ICDE World Conference 2011, Universitas Terbuka , 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to summarize the concepts of e-learning, LMS/VLE and cloud-based computing and present how the use of these technologies trends towards collaboration and interactive multimedia. Another purpose is to define and explain this trend in e-learning environments and technologies by presenting research grounded in constructivist learning theory. Subsequently, this paper summarizes the current situation of online whiteboard tools and the new HTML5 standard and key attributes. Next, this paper outlines how an open HTML5 solution for a collaborative, cloud-based, online whiteboard can improve accessibility, performance, collaboration, and security plus offer enhanced multimedia opportunities. Finally, this paper concludes with a presentation of an early prototype of an open, cloud-based online whiteboard, an e-learning cloudboard, which utilizes the advancements found in HTML5 and modern JavaScript libraries such as JQuery. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Universitas Terbuka, 2011
Keyword
e-learning
National Category
Human Aspects of ICT
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Educational science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-4064 (URN)978-979-011-660-3 (ISBN)
Conference
24th ICDE World Conference 2011
Available from: 2012-01-13 Created: 2012-01-13 Last updated: 2015-06-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8847-9559

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