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Gurdal, S. & Sorbring, E. (2024). Cultural values, parenting and child adjustment in Sweden. International Journal of Psychology, 1-9
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultural values, parenting and child adjustment in Sweden
2024 (English)In: International Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, E-ISSN 1464-066X, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

To examine whether mothers' and fathers' individualism, collectivism and conformity values are significantly related to parenting behaviours and child adjustment during middle childhood, mothers (n = 95), fathers (n = 72) and children (n = 98) in Sweden were interviewed when children were, on average, 10 years old. Mothers' collectivism was significantly correlated with mothers' and fathers' higher expectations for children's family obligations. Fathers' collectivism was significantly correlated with mothers' and fathers' higher warmth and with fathers' higher expectations for children's family obligations. Fathers' conformity values were significantly correlated with fewer child internalising problems. Fathers' higher collectivism was associated with more paternal warmth even after taking into account the other cultural values, child gender and fathers' education. Our findings indicate that individual-level cultural values are correlated with some aspects of parenting and child adjustment in Sweden.

Keywords
child adjustment; cultural values; parenting; Sweden
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-21207 (URN)10.1002/ijop.13103 (DOI)38196393 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85181926718 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC BY 4.0

This research was funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development grant RO1-HD054805.

Available from: 2024-01-17 Created: 2024-01-17 Last updated: 2024-01-17
Bolin, A. & Sorbring, E. (2023). An early-response, police-social work collaborative intervention: Perspectives of young participants. In: : . Paper presented at ECSWR 2023 12th European Conference for Social Work Research, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore di Milano, Italy, 12th - 14th april 2023.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An early-response, police-social work collaborative intervention: Perspectives of young participants
2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

For society, measures targeted at early crime prevention pose a dilemma. On the one hand, there is a risk that an early intervention can label a young person as a criminal, and have negative consequences on identity formation. On the other, lack of an intervention can have the consequence of a continued lifestyle involving crime. Many are the stories from former prisoners who claim that an earlier intervention could have disrupted an identity trajectory leading to becoming a ‘criminal’ (Kacprzak, 2019). Other research indicates that young people – particularly those from ethnic minority groups – relate to police preventative practices with dissatisfaction (Wästerfors & Burcar Alm, 2020). However, there are also studies which demonstrate that young people experience interventions from police and social services as legitimate and valuable. 

The current study seeks to explore the perceptions of young people aged between 11–17 who received an early intervention following the commission of a crime. In this collaborative project between police and social services, the young person received a coordinated chain of interventions involving first the police, thereafter a social worker, and, finally a qualified youth support worker. Each of the three elements occurred within a two-week period following the commission of the crime. The crime committed could range in severity from shoplifting to a drug offence, or a robbery. 

Participation in the research was voluntary. Those taking part (N=21) were interviewed on a minimum of one and a maximum of three occasions during and after the intervention period. In total, 40 interviews were conducted. The interviews sought to elicit the young people’s perceptions of police practices, the practices of the social and youth workers, the effects on the young people’s attitudes, and their thoughts about the future. Data was analyzed using a narrative approach (Riessman, 2001). Focus was directed to how the young person perceived and understood the actions and practices of professionals involved in the project. In this respect, the interview functioned not only as a means of providing insights, but also a space for self-presentation and the construction of understanding. 

Drawing on theories about procedural justice (Bradford, B. & Jackson, 2015) results reveal, firstly, that the participants experienced the intervention as an opportunity to reflect on the future. While the rapid response – from the police, the social workers, and the youth workers – came as a surprise, participants were positive about this swift reaction. In relation to the police practice of forcibly intervening when the crime had happened (frequently involving a shorter detention), this was perceived in a wider global context of police violence. For example, references were made to the George Floyd case (“I can’t breathe”). Frequently, police actions created a tangible sense of fear. Many participants perceived the intervention as reflective of society’s reaction to criminality. For some, experiences of being ‘labelled’ were prominent. While the results point to the value of a swift response, they also warn of the dangers attached to early labelling.

Keywords
Youth crime prevention, social services practice, police practice, procedural justice, labelling
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-19926 (URN)
Conference
ECSWR 2023 12th European Conference for Social Work Research, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore di Milano, Italy, 12th - 14th april 2023
Available from: 2023-05-08 Created: 2023-05-08 Last updated: 2023-12-19Bibliographically approved
Glatz, T., Alsarve, J., Daneback, K. & Sorbring, E. (2023). An examination of parents’ online activities and links to demographic characteristics among parents in Sweden. Journal of Family Social Work, 1-22
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An examination of parents’ online activities and links to demographic characteristics among parents in Sweden
2023 (English)In: Journal of Family Social Work, ISSN 1052-2158, E-ISSN 1540-4072, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In this study, we examined parents’ online activities and whether engagement in specific activities attracts certain parents. Additionally, we examined sub-groups of parents regarding their difficulties to interpret and deal with online information. We used a sample of 401 parents of children below the age of five living in Sweden. The results showed that most parents used the Internet frequently, but there were differences in what activities parents were involved in. In general, results suggested that mothers and parents of younger children used the Internet more to find information about parenting related issues compared to fathers and parents of older children. Mothers seemed to rely more on online information in their parenting role than did fathers, but at the same time, they reported more troubles dealing with the information they found online. Additionally, parents with higher education read parenting blogs whereas parents with lower education posted photos and information on Social Networking Sites (SNS). The results of this study offer important knowledge regarding variations in parents’ online use and might be used to develop support offered to different groups of parents. © 2023 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023
Keywords
article; blogging; child; child parent relation; demographics; education; father; female; human; human experiment; human tissue; information source; Internet; male; mother; preschool child; social media; Sweden; tertiary education
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-19890 (URN)10.1080/10522158.2023.2197958 (DOI)000962634600001 ()2-s2.0-85152076450 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC-BY 4.0

Available from: 2023-04-21 Created: 2023-04-21 Last updated: 2024-01-09
Björkum, K., Henriksson, G., Bergnehr, D. & Sorbring, E. (2023). Att motverka och förebygga problematisk skolfrånvaro. Skolhälsan (2), 28-30
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att motverka och förebygga problematisk skolfrånvaro
2023 (Swedish)In: Skolhälsan, ISSN 0284-284X, no 2, p. 28-30Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Keywords
skolfrånvaro, förebyggande, skolgång, barn
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20065 (URN)
Available from: 2023-06-08 Created: 2023-06-08 Last updated: 2024-01-09
Gurdal, S., Bacikova-Sleskova, M., Kapetanovic, S., Erlandsson, S. & Sorbring, E. (2023). Community series in the consequences of COVID-19 on the mental well-being of parents, children and adolescents, volume II: Editorial. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 14, 1-2
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Community series in the consequences of COVID-19 on the mental well-being of parents, children and adolescents, volume II: Editorial
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2023 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 14, p. 1-2Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Keywords
COVID-19, emotional distress, education, social distancing, isolation, family
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20616 (URN)10.3389/fpsyt.2023.1249748 (DOI)37496688 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85165889926 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC-BY

Available from: 2023-08-22 Created: 2023-08-22 Last updated: 2024-01-17
Buchanan, C. M., Glatz, T., Selçuk, Ş., Skinner, A. T., Lansford, J. E., Al-Hassan, S. M., . . . Alampay, L. P. (2023). Developmental Trajectories of Parental Self-Efficacy as Children Transition to Adolescence in Nine Countries: Latent Growth Curve Analyses. Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developmental Trajectories of Parental Self-Efficacy as Children Transition to Adolescence in Nine Countries: Latent Growth Curve Analyses
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2023 (English)In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Little is known about the developmental trajectories of parental self-efficacy as children transition into adolescence. This study examined parental self-efficacy among mothers and fathers over 3 1/2 years representing this transition, and whether the level and developmental trajectory of parental self-efficacy varied by cultural group. Data were drawn from three waves of the Parenting Across Cultures (PAC) project, a large-scale longitudinal, cross-cultural study, and included 1178 mothers and 1041 fathers of children who averaged 9.72 years of age at T1 (51.2% girls). Parents were from nine countries (12 ethnic/cultural groups), which were categorized into those with a predominant collectivistic (i.e., China, Kenya, Philippines, Thailand, Colombia, and Jordan) or individualistic (i.e., Italy, Sweden, and USA) cultural orientation based on Hofstede's Individualism Index (Hofstede Insights, 2021). Latent growth curve analyses supported the hypothesis that parental self-efficacy would decline as children transition into adolescence only for parents from more individualistic countries; parental self-efficacy increased over the same years among parents from more collectivistic countries. Secondary exploratory analyses showed that some demographic characteristics predicted the level and trajectory of parental self-efficacy differently for parents in more individualistic and more collectivistic countries. Results suggest that declines in parental self-efficacy documented in previous research are culturally influenced.

Keywords
Adolescence, Parental self-efficacy, Culture, Individualism, Collectivism
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-21037 (URN)10.1007/s10964-023-01899-z (DOI)001100669600003 ()37957457 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85176467968 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC BY

Funding This research was funded by the Eunice Kennedy ShriverNational Institute of Child Health and Human Development grantRO1-HD054805 and Fogarty International Center grant RO3-TW008141. This research also was supported by National Instituteon Drug Abuse (NIDA) Grant P30 DA023026, the IntramuralResearch Program of the NIH/NICHD, USA, and an InternationalResearch Fellowship at the Institute for Fiscal Studies, London, UK, funded by the European Research Council under the Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 695300-HKADeC-ERC-2015-AdG).

Available from: 2023-12-27 Created: 2023-12-27 Last updated: 2023-12-27
Kapetanovic, S., Zietz, S., Lansford, J. E., Bacchini, D., Bornstein, M. H., Chang, L., . . . Al-Hassan, S. M. (2023). Parenting, Adolescent Sensation Seeking, and Subsequent Substance Use: Moderation by Adolescent Temperament. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 52(6), 1235-1254
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parenting, Adolescent Sensation Seeking, and Subsequent Substance Use: Moderation by Adolescent Temperament
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2023 (English)In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601, Vol. 52, no 6, p. 1235-1254Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although previous research has identified links between parenting and adolescent substance use, little is known about therole of adolescent individual processes, such as sensation seeking, and temperamental tendencies for such links. To testtenets from biopsychosocial models of adolescent risk behavior and differential susceptibility theory, this study investigatedlongitudinal associations among positive and harsh parenting, adolescent sensation seeking, and substance use and testedwhether the indirect associations were moderated by adolescent temperament, including activation control, frustration,sadness, and positive emotions. Longitudinal data reported by adolescents (n = 892; 49.66% girls) and their mothers fromeight cultural groups when adolescents were ages 12, 13, and 14 were used. A moderated mediation model showed thatparenting was related to adolescent substance use, both directly and indirectly, through sensation seeking. Indirectassociations were moderated by adolescent temperament. This study advances understanding of the developmental pathsbetween the contextual and individual factors critical for adolescent substance use across a wide range of cultural contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2023
Keywords
Adolescents, Sensation seeking, Parenting, Substance use, Temperament
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-19862 (URN)10.1007/s10964-023-01765-y (DOI)000955804800003 ()2-s2.0-85150660988 (Scopus ID)
Note

This article is licensed under a Creative CommonsAttribution 4.0 International License, 

This research has been funded by NICHD grant RO1-HD054805 and Fogarty International Center grant RO3-TW008141. This research also was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH/NICHD, USA, and the Centre for the Evaluation of Development Policies (EDePO) at the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), London, UK, funded by the European Research Council (ERC) under the Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No 695300-HKADeC-ERC-2015-AdG). Open access funding provided by University West.

Available from: 2023-04-18 Created: 2023-04-18 Last updated: 2024-01-10
Glatz, T., Daneback, K., Alsarve, J. & Sorbring, E. (2023). Parents’ Feelings, Distress, and Self-Efficacy in Response to Social Comparisons on Social Media. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 32(8), 2453-2464
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parents’ Feelings, Distress, and Self-Efficacy in Response to Social Comparisons on Social Media
2023 (English)In: Journal of Child and Family Studies, ISSN 1062-1024, E-ISSN 1573-2843, Vol. 32, no 8, p. 2453-2464Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Parents’ social comparisons on social networking sites (SNS) is a research area of growing interest. In this study, we examined parents’ positive and negative feelings when comparing with other parents and associations with self-reported distress (i.e., stress and depression) and self-efficacy. We used a sample of 422 Swedish parents of children below the age offive (Mage = 1.29 years). In a first step, we examined construct validity of two new measures on parents’ positive and negative feelings when doing comparisons on SNS. In a second step, we examined associations with self-reported parenting.

Results showed that parents reported more positive feelings than negative feelings in relation to other parents on SNS.

Further, negative feelings when doing social comparisons were linked to more distress and lower level of self-efficacy, where as positive feelings when doing social comparisons predicted higher level of self-efficacy, but not distress. These results suggest that negative feelings are related to lower actual levels of distress and self-efficacy, but positive feelings can have an instant positive effect on parents’ perceived competence, but not on their well-being. Practitioners can encourage parents to reflect on who they compare with on SNS and why, as it might enable evaluations that could lead to selfimprovement rather than weakening of oneself as a parent.

Keywords
Parents’ social comparisons, Social networking sites, Distress, Self-efficacy
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20296 (URN)10.1007/s10826-023-02611-2 (DOI)2-s2.0-85161989451 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC BY 4.0

Available from: 2023-07-04 Created: 2023-07-04 Last updated: 2024-01-10
Rothenberg, W. A., Bizzego, A., Esposito, G., Lansford, J. E., Al-Hassan, S. M., Bacchini, D., . . . Alampay, L. P. (2023). Predicting Adolescent Mental Health Outcomes Across Cultures: A Machine Learning Approach. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 52(8), 1595-1619
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Predicting Adolescent Mental Health Outcomes Across Cultures: A Machine Learning Approach
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2023 (English)In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601, Vol. 52, no 8, p. 1595-1619Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adolescent mental health problems are rising rapidly around the world. To combat this rise, clinicians and policymakers need to know which risk factors matter most in predicting poor adolescent mental health. Theory-driven research has identified numerous risk factors that predict adolescent mental health problems but has difficulty distilling and replicating these findings. Data-driven machine learning methods can distill risk factors and replicate findings but have difficulty interpreting findings because these methods are atheoretical. This study demonstrates how data- and theory-driven methods can be integrated to identify the most important preadolescent risk factors in predicting adolescent mental health. Machine learning models examined which of 79 variables assessed at age 10 were the most important predictors of adolescent mental health at ages 13 and 17. These models were examined in a sample of 1176 families with adolescents from nine nations. Machine learning models accurately classified 78% of adolescents who were above-median in age 13 internalizing behavior, 77.3% who were above-median in age 13 externalizing behavior, 73.2% who were above-median in age 17 externalizing behavior, and 60.6% who were above-median in age 17 internalizing behavior. Age 10 measures of youth externalizing and internalizing behavior were the most important predictors of age 13 and 17 externalizing/internalizing behavior, followed by family context variables, parenting behaviors, individual child characteristics, and finally neighborhood and cultural variables. The combination of theoretical and machine-learning models strengthens both approaches and accurately predicts which adolescents demonstrate above average mental health difficulties in approximately 7 of 10 adolescents 3-7 years after the data used in machine learning models were collected.

Keywords
Adolescence; Externalizing; Internalizing; Machine learning; Parenting; Prediction
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20003 (URN)10.1007/s10964-023-01767-w (DOI)37074622 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85153089852 (Scopus ID)
Note

This article is made available via the PMC Open Access Subset for unrestricted research re-use and secondary analysis in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source. These permissions are granted for the duration of the World Health Organization (WHO) declaration of COVID-19 as a global pandemic.

Funding

This research has been funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development grants RO1-HD054805 and P2CHD065563 and Fogarty International Center grant RO3-TW008141. This research also was supported by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Grant P30 DA023026, the Intramural Research Program of the NIH/NICHD, USA, and an International Research Fellowship at the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), London, UK, funded by the European Research Council (ERC) under the Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant agreement No. 695300-HKADeC-ERC-2015-AdG).

Available from: 2023-06-02 Created: 2023-06-02 Last updated: 2024-01-10
Matias, M., Aguiar, J., Fontaine, A. M., Akgun, E., Arikan, G., Aunola, K., . . . Roskam, I. (2023). Profiles of Parental Burnout Around the Globe: Similarities and Differences Across 36 Countries. Cross-Cultural Research, 57(5), 499-538
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Profiles of Parental Burnout Around the Globe: Similarities and Differences Across 36 Countries
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2023 (English)In: Cross-Cultural Research, Vol. 57, no 5, p. 499-538Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Parental burnout (PB) is a pervasive phenomenon. Parenting is embedded in cultural values, and previous research has shown the role of individualism in PB. In this paper, we reanalyze previously collected data to identify profiles based on the four dimensions of PB, and explore whether these profiles vary across countries’ levels of collectivistic-individualistic (COL-IND) values. Our sample comprised 16,885 individuals from 36 countries (73% women; 27% men), and we used a latent profile approach to uncover PB profiles. The findings showed five profiles: Fulfilled, Not in PB, Low risk of PB, High risk of PB and Burned out. The profiles pointed to climbing levels of PB in the total sample and in each of the three country groups (High COL/Low IND, Medium COL-IND, Low COL/High IND). Exploratory analyses revealed that distinct dimensions of PB had the most prominent roles in the climbing pattern, depending on the countries’ levels of COL/IND. In particular, we found contrast to be a hallmark dimension and an indicator of severe burnout for individualistic countries. Contrary to our predictions, emotional distance and saturation did not allow a clear differentiation across collectivistic countries. Our findings support several research avenues regarding PB measurement and intervention.

Keywords
parental burnout, cultural values, individualism, collectivism, latent profile analyses
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20690 (URN)10.1177/10693971231174551 (DOI)2-s2.0-85164125119 (Scopus ID)
Note

CC-BY

Available from: 2023-09-06 Created: 2023-09-06 Last updated: 2024-01-26
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3328-6538

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