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Icenogle, G., Steinberg, L., Duell, N., Chein, J., Chang, L., Chaudhary, N., . . . Bacchini, D. (2019). Adolescents’ cognitive capacity reaches adult levels prior to their psychosocial maturity: Evidence for a "maturity gap" in a multinational, cross-sectional sample. Law and human behavior, 43(1), 69-85
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adolescents’ cognitive capacity reaches adult levels prior to their psychosocial maturity: Evidence for a "maturity gap" in a multinational, cross-sectional sample
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2019 (English)In: Law and human behavior, ISSN 0147-7307, E-ISSN 1573-661X, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 69-85Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

All countries distinguish between minors and adults for various legal purposes. Recent U.S. Supreme Court cases concerning the legal status of juveniles have consulted psychological science to decide where to draw these boundaries. However, little is known about the robustness of the relevant research, because it has been conducted largely in the U.S. and other Western countries. To the extent that lawmakers look to research to guide their decisions, it is important to know how generalizable the scientific conclusions are. The present study examines 2 psychological phenomena relevant to legal questions about adolescent maturity: cognitive capacity, which undergirds logical thinking, and psychosocial maturity, which comprises individuals' ability to restrain themselves in the face of emotional, exciting, or risky stimuli. Age patterns of these constructs were assessed in 5,227 individuals (50.7% female), ages 10-30 (M = 17.05, SD = 5.91) from 11 countries. Importantly, whereas cognitive capacity reached adult levels around age 16, psychosocial maturity reached adult levels beyond age 18, creating a "maturity gap" between cognitive and psychosocial development. Juveniles may be capable of deliberative decision making by age 16, but even young adults may demonstrate "immature" decision making in arousing situations. We argue it is therefore reasonable to have different age boundaries for different legal purposes: 1 for matters in which cognitive capacity predominates, and a later 1 for matters in which psychosocial maturity plays a substantial role. © 2019 American Psychological Association.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association (APA), 2019
Keywords
Law, juveniles, legal status
National Category
Law and Society Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology; Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13743 (URN)10.1037/lhb0000315 (DOI)2-s2.0-85061617264 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funders: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, RO1-HD054805

Available from: 2019-03-21 Created: 2019-03-21 Last updated: 2019-04-04Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, L. A. & Sorbring, E. (2019). Att forska i samverkan och gemensamt skapa kunskap. In: Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.) (Ed.), Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd (pp. 19-24). Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att forska i samverkan och gemensamt skapa kunskap
2019 (Swedish)In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 19-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2019
Keywords
Forskning, samarbete, kunskapsteori
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13457 (URN)9789147127009 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-02-07 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, L. A. & Sorbring, E. (2019). Barns och ungas välfärd och ett kunskapsbaserat arbetssätt. In: Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.) (Ed.), Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd (pp. 25-28). Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Barns och ungas välfärd och ett kunskapsbaserat arbetssätt
2019 (Swedish)In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 25-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2019
Keywords
Välfärd, barn, ungdomsforskning
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13458 (URN)978-91-47-12700-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-02-07 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved
Deater-Deckard, K., Godwin, J., Lansford, J. E., Tirado, L. M., Yotanyamaneewong, S., Alampay, L. P., . . . Tapanya, S. (2019). Chaos, Danger, and Maternal Parenting in Families: Links with Adolescent Adjustment in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Developmental Science, Article ID 12855.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chaos, Danger, and Maternal Parenting in Families: Links with Adolescent Adjustment in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
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2019 (English)In: Developmental Science, ISSN 1363-755X, E-ISSN 1467-7687, article id 12855Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The current longitudinal study is the first comparative investigation across Low- and Middle- Income Countries (LMICs) to test the hypothesis that harsher and less affectionate maternal parenting (child age 14 years, on average) statistically mediates the prediction from prior household chaos and neighborhood danger (at 13 years) to subsequent adolescent maladjustment (externalizing, internalizing, and school performance problems at 15 years). The sample included 511 urban families in six LMICs: China, Colombia, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, and Thailand. Multigroup structural equation modeling showed consistent associations between chaos, danger, affectionate and harsh parenting, and adolescent adjustment problems. There was some support for the hypothesis, with nearly all countries showing a modest indirect effect of maternal hostility (but not affection) for adolescent externalizing, internalizing, and scholastic problems. Results provide further evidence that chaotic home and dangerous neighborhood environments increase risk for adolescent maladjustment in LMIC contexts, via harsher maternal parenting. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Keywords
low-income and middle-income countries, adolescence, internalizing, externalizing, academic achievement, parenting
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology; Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13859 (URN)10.1111/desc.12855 (DOI)2-s2.0-85066500076 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-05-16 Created: 2019-05-16 Last updated: 2019-07-24Bibliographically approved
Sorbring, E. (2019). En systematisk samverkansmodell. In: Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.) (Ed.), Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd (pp. 111-114). Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>En systematisk samverkansmodell
2019 (Swedish)In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 111-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2019
Keywords
Forskning, forskningsmetodik
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13591 (URN)978-91-47-12700-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-22 Created: 2019-02-22 Last updated: 2019-05-02Bibliographically approved
Chang, L., Lu, H. J., Lansford, J. E., Skinner, A. T., Bornstein, M. H., Steinberg, L., . . . Tapanya, S. (2019). Environmental harshness and unpredictability, life history, and social and academic behavior of adolescents in nine countries.. Developmental Psychology, 55(4), 890-903
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental harshness and unpredictability, life history, and social and academic behavior of adolescents in nine countries.
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2019 (English)In: Developmental Psychology, ISSN 0012-1649, E-ISSN 1939-0599, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 890-903Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Safety is essential for life. To survive, humans and other animals have developed sets of psychological and physiological adaptations known as life history (LH) tradeoff strategies in response to various safety constraints. Evolutionarily selected LH strategies in turn regulate development and behavior to optimize survival under prevailing safety conditions. The present study tested LH hypotheses concerning safety based on a 6-year longitudinal sample of 1,245 adolescents and their parents from 9 countries. The results revealed that, invariant across countries, environmental harshness, and unpredictability (lack of safety) was negatively associated with slow LH behavioral profile, measured 2 years later, and slow LH behavioral profile was negatively and positively associated with externalizing behavior and academic performance, respectively, as measured an additional 2 years later. These results support the evolutionary conception that human development responds to environmental safety cues through LH regulation of social and learning behaviors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association (APA), 2019
Keywords
Safety, adolescents
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13734 (URN)10.1037/dev0000655 (DOI)30507220 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-03-21 Created: 2019-03-21 Last updated: 2019-04-04Bibliographically approved
Sorbring, E. & Bolin, A. (2019). Exempel 4: Ett utökat och fördjupat barn- och elevhälsoarbete. In: Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.) (Ed.), Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd (pp. 57-65). Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exempel 4: Ett utökat och fördjupat barn- och elevhälsoarbete
2019 (Swedish)In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 57-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2019
Keywords
Elever med särskilda behov, samarbete, forskning
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13497 (URN)978-91-47-12700-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-02-07 Last updated: 2019-05-02Bibliographically approved
Sorbring, E. & Ryding, J. (2019). Exempel 6: Implementering av evidensbaseratföräldrastödsprogram. In: Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.) (Ed.), Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd (pp. 71-80). Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exempel 6: Implementering av evidensbaseratföräldrastödsprogram
2019 (Swedish)In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 71-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2019
Keywords
Föräldraskap
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Pedagogics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13499 (URN)978-91-47-12700-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-02-07 Last updated: 2019-05-02Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, L. A. & Sorbring, E. (2019). Forskningsmetoder för samverkansforskning. In: Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.) (Ed.), Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd (pp. 115-120). Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Forskningsmetoder för samverkansforskning
2019 (Swedish)In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 115-120Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2019
Keywords
Forskningsmetodik, Barn - forskning
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13592 (URN)978-91-47-12700-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-22 Created: 2019-02-22 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved
Lansford, J. E., Malone, P. S., Tapanya, S., Tirado, L. M., Zelli, A., Alampay, L. P., . . . Steinberg, L. (2019). Household income predicts trajectories of child internalizing and externalizing behavior in high-, middle-, and low-income countries. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 43(1), 74-79
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Household income predicts trajectories of child internalizing and externalizing behavior in high-, middle-, and low-income countries
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2019 (English)In: International Journal of Behavioral Development, ISSN 0165-0254, E-ISSN 1464-0651, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 74-79Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examined longitudinal links between household income and parents' education and children's trajectories of internalizing and externalizing behaviors from age 8 to 10 reported by mothers, fathers, and children. Longitudinal data from 1,190 families in 11 cultural groups in eight countries (Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and United States) were included. Multigroup structural equation models revealed that household income, but not maternal or paternal education, was related to trajectories of mother-, father-, and child-reported internalizing and externalizing problems in each of the 11 cultural groups. Our findings highlight that in low-, middle-, and high-income countries, socioeconomic risk is related to children's internalizing and externalizing problems, extending the international focus beyond children's physical health to their emotional and behavioral development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE Publications Ltd, 2019
Keywords
article, child, Colombia, controlled study, education, father, female, health, high income country, household income, human, human experiment, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, low income country, male, mother, Philippines, social status, structural equation modeling, Sweden, Thailand, United States
National Category
Pediatrics Social Work
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology; Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13045 (URN)10.1177/0165025418783272 (DOI)000454316400009 ()30739968 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85049776045 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funders: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, RO1-HD05480; Fogarty International Center, RO3-TW008141; Jacobs Foundation ; Intramural Research Program of the NIH/NICHD

Available from: 2018-10-29 Created: 2018-10-29 Last updated: 2019-02-21Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3328-6538

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