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Gupta, M. K., Li, X.-H., Markocsan, N. & Kjellman, B. (2020). Design of high lifetime suspension plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 40(3), 768-779
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design of high lifetime suspension plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings
2020 (English)In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, ISSN 0955-2219, E-ISSN 1873-619X, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 768-779Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) fabricated by suspension plasma spraying (SPS) have shown improved performance due to their low thermal conductivity and high durability along with relatively low production cost. Improvements in SPS TBCs that could further enhance their lifetime would lead to their widespread industrialisation. The objective of this study was to design a SPS TBC system with optimised topcoat microstructure and topcoat bondcoat interface, combined with appropriate bondcoat microstructure and chemistry, which could exhibit high cyclic lifetime. Bondcoat deposition processes investigated in this study were high velocity air fuel (HVAF) spraying, high velocity oxy fuel spraying, vacuum plasma spraying, and diffusion process. Topcoat microstructure with high column density along with smooth topcoat bondcoat interface and oxidation resistant bondcoat was shown as a favourable design for significant improvements in the lifetime of SPS TBCs. HVAF sprayed bondcoat treated by shot peening and grit blasting was shown to create this favourable design.

Keywords
Thermal barrier coatings; Suspension plasma spraying; Lifetime; Topcoat bondcoat interface; Columnar microstructure
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15018 (URN)10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2019.10.061 (DOI)000503095300024 ()
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20160022
Available from: 2020-02-24 Created: 2020-02-24 Last updated: 2020-02-24Bibliographically approved
Joshi, S. V., Markocsan, N., Nylén, P. & Sivakumar, G. (2020). New Generation Ceramic Coatings for High-Temperature Applications by Liquid Feedstock Plasma Spraying: Defense, Security, Aerospace and Energy Applications. In: Mahajan, Yashwant; Roy, Johnson (Ed.), Handbook of Advanced Ceramics and Composites: (pp. 1-42). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New Generation Ceramic Coatings for High-Temperature Applications by Liquid Feedstock Plasma Spraying: Defense, Security, Aerospace and Energy Applications
2020 (English)In: Handbook of Advanced Ceramics and Composites / [ed] Mahajan, Yashwant; Roy, Johnson, Cham: Springer, 2020, p. 1-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Plasma spraying with liquid feedstock offers an exciting opportunity to obtain coatings with characteristics that are vastly different from those produced using conventional spray-grade powders. The two extensively investigated variants of this technique are suspension plasma spraying (SPS), which utilizes a suspension of fine powders in an appropriate medium, and solution precursor plasma spraying (SPPS), which involves use of a suitable solution precursor that can form the desired particles in situ. The advent of axial injection plasma spray systems in recent times has also eliminated concerns regarding low deposition rates/efficiencies associated with liquid feedstock. The 10–100 μm size particles that constitute conventional spray powders lead to individual splats that are more than an order of magnitude larger compared to those resulting from the fine (approximately 100 nm–2 μm in size) particles already present in suspensions in SPS or formed in situ in SPPS. The distinct characteristics of the resulting coatings are directly attributable to the above very dissimilar splats (“building blocks” for coatings) responsible for their formation. This chapter discusses the salient features associated with SPS and SPPS processing, highlights their versatility for depositing a vast range of ceramic coatings with diverse functional attributes, and discusses their utility, particularly for high-temperature applications through some illustrative examples. A further extension of liquid feedstock plasma processing to enable use of hybrid powder-liquid combinations for plasma spraying is also discussed. This presents a novel approach to explore new material combinations, create various function-dependent coating architectures with multi-scale features, and enable convenient realization of layered, composite, and graded coatings as demonstrated through specific examples.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2020
Keywords
Liquid feedstock, Plasma spray, Suspension, Solution precursor, Coatings, Layered Composite, Functionally graded
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology Ceramics
Research subject
Production Technology; ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-15092 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-73255-8_48-1 (DOI)978-3-319-73255-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-03-27 Created: 2020-03-27 Last updated: 2020-04-06Bibliographically approved
Sadeghi, E., Markocsan, N. & Joshi, S. V. (2019). Advances in Corrosion-Resistant Thermal Spray Coatings for Renewable Energy Power Plants. Part I: Effect of Composition and Microstructure. Journal of thermal spray technology (Print), 28(8), 1749-1788
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Advances in Corrosion-Resistant Thermal Spray Coatings for Renewable Energy Power Plants. Part I: Effect of Composition and Microstructure
2019 (English)In: Journal of thermal spray technology (Print), ISSN 1059-9630, E-ISSN 1544-1016, Vol. 28, no 8, p. 1749-1788Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Power generation from renewable resources has attracted increasing attention in recent years owing to the global implementation of clean energy policies. However, such power plants suffer from severe high-temperature corrosion of critical components such as water walls and superheater tubes. The corrosion is mainly triggered by aggressive gases like HCl, H2O, etc., often in combination with alkali and metal chlorides that are produced during fuel combustion. Employment of a dense defect-free adherent coating through thermal spray techniques is a promising approach to improving the performances of components as well as their lifetimes and, thus, significantly increasing the thermal/electrical efficiency of power plants. Notwithstanding the already widespread deployment of thermal spray coatings, a few intrinsic limitations, including the presence of pores and relatively weak intersplat bonding that lead to increased corrosion susceptibility, have restricted the benefits that can be derived from these coatings. Nonetheless, the field of thermal spraying has been continuously evolving, and concomitant advances have led to progressive improvements in coating quality; hence, a periodic critical assessment of our understanding of the efficacy of coatings in mitigating corrosion damage can be highly educative. The present paper seeks to comprehensively document the current state of the art, elaborating on the recent progress in thermal spray coatings for high-temperature corrosion applications, including the alloying effects, and the role of microstructural characteristics for understanding the behavior of corrosion-resistant coatings. In particular, this review comprises a substantive discussion on high-temperature corrosion mechanisms, novel coating compositions, and a succinct comparison of the corrosion-resistant coatings produced by diverse thermal spray techniques.

Keywords
architecture composition high-temperature, corrosion microstructure, renewable energy, power plants, thermal spray coatings
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14700 (URN)10.1007/s11666-019-00938-1 (DOI):000495068400001 ()2-s2.0-85074849441 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, (RUN 20160201Region Västra Götaland, RUN 2016-01489
Available from: 2019-11-15 Created: 2019-11-15 Last updated: 2020-02-21Bibliographically approved
Sadeghi, E., Markocsan, N. & Joshi, S. V. (2019). Advances in Corrosion-Resistant Thermal Spray Coatings for Renewable Energy Power Plants: Part II - Effect of Environment and Outlook. Journal of thermal spray technology (Print), 28(8), 1789-1850
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Advances in Corrosion-Resistant Thermal Spray Coatings for Renewable Energy Power Plants: Part II - Effect of Environment and Outlook
2019 (English)In: Journal of thermal spray technology (Print), ISSN 1059-9630, E-ISSN 1544-1016, Vol. 28, no 8, p. 1789-1850Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

High-temperature corrosion of critical components such as water walls and superheater tubes in biomass/waste-fired boilers is a major challenge. A dense and defect-free thermal spray coating has been shown to be promising to achieve a high electrical/thermal efficiency in power plants. The field of thermal spraying and quality of coatings have been progressively evolving; therefore, a critical assessment of our understanding of the efficacy of coatings in increasingly aggressive operating environments of the power plants can be highly educative. The effects of composition and microstructure on high-temperature corrosion behavior of the coatings were discussed in the first part of the review. The present paper that is the second part of the review covers the emerging research field of performance assessment of thermal spray coatings in harsh corrosion-prone environments and provides a comprehensive overview of the underlying high-temperature corrosion mechanisms that lead to the damage of exposed coatings. The application of contemporary analytical methods for better understanding of the behavior of corrosion-resistant coatings is also discussed. A discussion based on an exhaustive review of the literature provides an unbiased commentary on the advanced accomplishments and some outstanding issues in the field that warrant further research. An assessment of the current status of the field, the gaps in the scientific understanding, and the research needs for the expansion of thermal spray coatings for high-temperature corrosion applications is also provided. © 2019, The Author(s).

Keywords
Boiler corrosion; Corrosion resistance; Corrosive effects; Damage detection; High temperature applications; High temperature corrosion; Power plants; Sprayed coatings; Superheater tubes; Thermal spraying, Corrosion-resistant; Effect of environments; environments; High temperature corrosion mechanisms; Operating environment; Performance assessment; Renewable energy power; Thermal spray coatings, Corrosion resistant coatings
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering; Production Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14836 (URN)10.1007/s11666-019-00939-0 (DOI)000496259400004 ()2-s2.0-85075211091 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, RUN 20160201Region Västra Götaland, RUN 2016-01489)
Available from: 2020-01-29 Created: 2020-01-29 Last updated: 2020-02-21Bibliographically approved
Hameed, P., Gopal, V., Björklund, S., Ganvir, A., Sen, D., Markocsan, N. & Manivasagam, G. (2019). Axial Suspension Plasma Spraying: An ultimate technique to tailor Ti6Al4V surface with HAp for orthopaedic applications. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 173, 806-815
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Axial Suspension Plasma Spraying: An ultimate technique to tailor Ti6Al4V surface with HAp for orthopaedic applications
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2019 (English)In: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, ISSN 0927-7765, E-ISSN 1873-4367, Vol. 173, p. 806-815Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dissolution of atmospheric plasma sprayed (APS) hydroxyapatite (HAp) coatings on Ti-6Al-4 V medical implants have always been a challenge to overcome in the field of biomedical industry. In the present work, an attempt has been made to develop a HAp coating using a novel thermal spray process called axial suspension plasma spraying (SPS), which leads to thin adherent coatings. Two HAp coatings fabricated by APS (P1 and P2) and four SPS HAp coatings (S1, S2, S3 and S4) produced with varying spraying parameters were characterized in terms of (1) microstructure, porosity, hardness, adhesion strength, contact angle and phase purity; (2) corrosion resistance in 10% Fetal bovine serum (FBS); (3) in-vitro cell adherence and cell viability using human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Amongst different APS and SPS coatings, P1 and S3 exhibited superior properties. S3 coating developed using SPS exhibited 1.3 times higher adhesion strength when compared to APS coating (P1) and 9.5 times higher corrosion resistance than P1. In addition, both S3 and P1 exhibited comparatively higher biocompatibility as evidenced by the presence of more than 92% viable hMSCs. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords
Adhesion; Aluminum alloys; Aluminum coatings; Aluminum corrosion; Atmospheric corrosion; Biocompatibility; Bond strength (materials); Cell adhesion; Cell culture; Contact angle; Corrosion resistance; Corrosion resistant coatings; Corrosive effects; Hydroxyapatite; Mammals; Phase shifters; Plasma jets; Sprayed coatings; Stem cells; Ternary alloys; Thermal spraying; Titanium alloys; Vanadium alloys, Atmospheric plasma spraying; Corrosion studies; hMSCs; Suspension plasma spraying; Ti-6 Al-4 V, Plasma spraying
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering; Production Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13115 (URN)10.1016/j.colsurfb.2018.10.071 (DOI)000454377300095 ()30551296 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85055725408 (Scopus ID)
Note

Available online 26 October 2018.

Available from: 2018-11-12 Created: 2018-11-12 Last updated: 2020-02-05Bibliographically approved
Zhang, X., Li, C., Withers, P. J., Markocsan, N. & Xiao, P. (2019). Determination of local residual stress in an air plasma spray thermal barrier coating (APS-TBC) by microscale ring coring using a picosecond laser. Scripta Materialia, 167, 126-130
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determination of local residual stress in an air plasma spray thermal barrier coating (APS-TBC) by microscale ring coring using a picosecond laser
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2019 (English)In: Scripta Materialia, ISSN 1359-6462, E-ISSN 1872-8456, Vol. 167, p. 126-130Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A picosecond laser for incremental annular trench cutting is combined with digital image correlation (DIC) to extend the incremental ring-core method to the profiling of residual stress in thick (>100 μm) coatings. In this case the local residual stress in a TBC is depth profiled after exposure to 1150 °C for 190 h. The topcoat was found to be in compression with an average compressive stress of −94 ± 8 MPa which is representative of the stresses that would be generated elastically on cooling from a stress-free temperature of ~970 °C. The stress profile measurements have been validated by high-energy synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurements. © 2019

Keywords
Computerized tomography; Picosecond lasers; Plasma spraying; Residual stresses; Stress analysis; Thermal barrier coatings; Yttria stabilized zirconia; Yttrium oxide; Zirconia, Air plasma spray; D. digital image correlation (DIC); High-energy synchrotron X-rays; Hole drilling; Non destructive; Stress-free temperature; X ray micro-computed tomography; Yttria partially stabilized zirconia, Compressive stress
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Production Technology; ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13850 (URN)10.1016/j.scriptamat.2019.03.036 (DOI)000468720000026 ()2-s2.0-85064181710 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, European Research Council, No. 695638 CORREL-CT.
Note

Funders: Engineering and Physical Science Research Council, (EPSRC), EP/P025021/1, EP/F007906/1 , EP/F001452/1 , EP/I02249X , EP/M010619/1 , EP/F028431/1 , and EP/M022498/1

Available from: 2019-05-24 Created: 2019-05-24 Last updated: 2020-02-03Bibliographically approved
Gupta, M. K., Markocsan, N., Li, X.-H. & Kjellman, B. (2019). Development of bondcoats for high lifetime suspension plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings. Surface & Coatings Technology, 371(SI), 366-377
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of bondcoats for high lifetime suspension plasma sprayed thermal barrier coatings
2019 (English)In: Surface & Coatings Technology, ISSN 0257-8972, E-ISSN 1879-3347, Vol. 371, no SI, p. 366-377Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fabrication of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) by suspension plasma spraying (SPS) seems to be a promising alternative for the industry as SPS TBCs have the potential to provide lower thermal conductivity and longer lifetime than state-of-the-art allowing higher engine efficiency. Further improvements in lifetime of SPS TBCs and fundamental understanding of failure mechanisms in SPS TBCs are necessary for their widespread commercialisation. In this study, the influence of varying topcoat-bondcoat interface topography and bondcoat microstructure on lifetime was investigated. The objective of this work was to gain fundamental understanding of relationships between topcoat-bondcoat interface topography, bondcoat microstructure, and failure mechanisms in SPS TBCs. Seven sets of samples were produced in this study by keeping same bondcoat chemistry but varying feedstock particle size distributions and bondcoat spray processes. The topcoat chemistry and spray parameters were kept identical in all samples. Three-dimensional surface measurements along with scanning electron microscopy images were used to characterise bondcoat surface topography. The effect of varying interface topography and bondcoat microstructure on thermally grown oxide formation, stresses and lifetime was discussed. The results showed that varying bondcoat powder size distribution and spray process can have a significant effect on lifetime of SPS TBCs. Smoother bondcoats seemed to enhance the lifetime in case of SPS TBCs in case of same bondcoat chemistry and similar bondcoat microstructures. When considering the samples investigated in this study, samples with high velocity air-fuel (HVAF) bondcoats resulted in higher lifetime than other samples indicating that HVAF could be a suitable process for bondcoat deposition in SPS TBCs. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords
Air, Failure (mechanical), Microstructure, Particle size, Plasma jets, Plasma spraying, Scanning electron microscopy, Size distribution, Sprayed coatings, Surface measurement, Surface topography, Thermal conductivity, Thermal spraying, Topography, Bond coats, Interface topography, Lifetime, Suspension plasma spraying, Thermal barrier coating (TBCs), Thermally grown oxide, Thermal barrier coatings
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13178 (URN)10.1016/j.surfcoat.2018.11.013 (DOI)000472694300037 ()2-s2.0-85056458705 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, 20160022
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-03 Last updated: 2020-02-03Bibliographically approved
Mahade, S., Curry, N., Björklund, S., Markocsan, N. & Joshi, S. V. (2019). Durability of Gadolinium Zirconate/YSZ Double-Layered Thermal Barrier Coatings under Different Thermal Cyclic Test Conditions. Materials, 12(14), Article ID E2238.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Durability of Gadolinium Zirconate/YSZ Double-Layered Thermal Barrier Coatings under Different Thermal Cyclic Test Conditions
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2019 (English)In: Materials, ISSN 1996-1944, E-ISSN 1996-1944, Vol. 12, no 14, article id E2238Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Higher durability in thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) is constantly sought to enhance the service life of gas turbine engine components such as blades and vanes. In this study, three double layered gadolinium zirconate (GZ)-on-yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) TBC variants with varying individual layer thickness but identical total thickness produced by suspension plasma spray (SPS) process were evaluated. The objective was to investigate the role of YSZ layer thickness on the durability of GZ/YSZ double-layered TBCs under different thermal cyclic test conditions i.e., thermal cyclic fatigue (TCF) at 1100 °C and a burner rig test (BRT) at a surface temperature of 1400 °C, respectively. Microstructural characterization was performed using SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) and porosity content was measured using image analysis technique. Results reveal that the durability of double-layered TBCs decreased with YSZ thickness under both TCF and BRT test conditions. The TBCs were analyzed by SEM to investigate microstructural evolution as well as failure modes during TCF and BRT test conditions. It was observed that the failure modes varied with test conditions, with all the three double-layered TBC variants showing failure in the TGO (thermally grown oxide) during the TCF test and in the ceramic GZ top coat close to the GZ/YSZ interface during BRT. Furthermore, porosity analysis of the as-sprayed and TCF failed TBCs revealed differences in sintering behavior for GZ and YSZ. The findings from this work provide new insights into the mechanisms responsible for failure of SPS processed double-layered TBCs under different thermal cyclic test conditions.

Keywords
burner rig test, double-layered TBC, gadolinium zirconate, suspension plasma spray, thermal cyclic fatigue, yttria stabilized zirconia
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-14438 (URN)10.3390/ma12142238 (DOI)000480454300026 ()31336713 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85070469165 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, Dnr-20140130
Available from: 2019-10-02 Created: 2019-10-02 Last updated: 2020-02-03
Zhang, P., Sadeghi, E., Chen, S., Li, X.-H., Markocsan, N., Joshi, S. V., . . . Peng, R. L. n. (2019). Effects of surface finish on the initial oxidation of HVAF-sprayed NiCoCrAlY coatings. Surface & Coatings Technology, 364, 43-56
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of surface finish on the initial oxidation of HVAF-sprayed NiCoCrAlY coatings
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2019 (English)In: Surface & Coatings Technology, ISSN 0257-8972, E-ISSN 1879-3347, Vol. 364, p. 43-56Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Oxide scale formed on HVAF-sprayed NiCoCrAlY coatings and the effect of surface treatment were investigated by a multi-approach study combining photo-stimulated luminescence, microstructural observation and mass gain. The initial oxidationbehaviour of as-sprayed, polished and shot-peened coatings at 1000 °C is studied. Both polished and shot-peened coatings exhibited superior performance due to rapid formation of α-Al2O3 fully covering the coating and suppressing the growth of transient alumina, assisted by a high density of α-Al2O3 nuclei on surface treatment induced defects. Moreover, the fast development of a two-layer alumina scale consisting of an inward-grown inner α-Al2O3 layer and an outer layer transformed from outward-grown transient alumina resulted in a higher oxide growth rate of the as-sprayed coating.

Keywords
Oxidation, Transient to alpha transformation, Surface treatment, Polishing, Shot-peening, Photo-stimulated luminescence spectroscopy
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13736 (URN)10.1016/j.surfcoat.2019.02.068 (DOI)000463302800006 ()2-s2.0-85062231529 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, KME-703
Note

Funding: Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkoping University (Faculty Grant SFO-Mat-LiU 2009-00971) 

Available from: 2019-03-21 Created: 2019-03-21 Last updated: 2020-02-03Bibliographically approved
Ganvir, A., Calinas, R. F., Markocsan, N., Curry, N. & Joshi, S. V. (2019). Experimental visualization of microstructure evolution during suspension plasma spraying of thermal barrier coatings. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 39(2-3), 470-481
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experimental visualization of microstructure evolution during suspension plasma spraying of thermal barrier coatings
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2019 (English)In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, ISSN 0955-2219, E-ISSN 1873-619X, Vol. 39, no 2-3, p. 470-481Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates the evolution of microstructure of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) produced by suspension plasma spraying (SPS) through a careful experimental study. Understanding the influence of different suspension characteristics such as type of solvent, solid load content and median particle size on the ensuing TBC microstructure, as well as visualizing the early stages of coating build-up leading to formation of a columnar microstructure or otherwise, was of specific interest. Several SPS TBCs with different suspensions were deposited under identical conditions (same substrate, bond coat and plasma spray parameters). The experimental study clearly revealed the important role of suspension characteristics, namely surface tension, density and viscosity, on the final microstructure, with study of its progressive evolution providing invaluable insights. Variations in suspension properties manifest in the form of differences in droplet momentum and trajectory, which are found to be key determinants governing the resulting microstructure (e.g., lamellar/vertically cracked or columnar).

Keywords
Suspension plasma spraying, Thermal barrier coatings, Droplet momentum, Columnar microstructure, Microstructure evolution
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering; Production Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12948 (URN)10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2018.09.023 (DOI)000450379400042 ()2-s2.0-85053889817 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Region Västra Götaland, RUN 612-0974-13
Available from: 2018-10-26 Created: 2018-10-26 Last updated: 2020-02-04Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9578-4076

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