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Bernhard, I., Gustafsson, M., Hedström, K., Sefyrin, J. & Wihlborg, E. (2019). A digital society for all?: Meanings, practices and policies for digital diversity. In: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2019: . Paper presented at 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2019 (pp. 3067-3076).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A digital society for all?: Meanings, practices and policies for digital diversity
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2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2019, 2019, p. 3067-3076Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The concept of digital divides has been on the agenda in research and policy making for at least the last 20 years. But it is still, a challenge to grasp this concept that is so elusive and transforming. Inclusion, access and equality are still key values for democratic governance and must be addressed in particular when forming and contributing to a digital government. This paper seeks to intervene in current debates on digital divides and digital inclusion by analyzing two cases of responses among street-level public administration in relation to e-government services in Sweden. The case studies are strategically chosen and conducted in national agencies and in local public libraries. Three lines of contributions are discussed, firstly thei mportance to care for equality secondly the need to seethe non-users, and thirdly to discuss the potential of putting focus on digital diversity.

Keywords
Emerging Topics in Digital Government Digital Government digital divide, digital inclusion, government agencies, Sweden, public administration
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13573 (URN)978-0-9981331-2-6 (ISBN)
Conference
52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2019
Available from: 2019-02-21 Created: 2019-02-21 Last updated: 2019-02-21Bibliographically approved
Olsson, A. K., Arvemo, T. & Bernhard, I. (2019). Bachelor students in research projects: boosting WIL and University-Society Collaboration. In: , L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres (Ed.), INTED2019 Proceedings: . Paper presented at INTED2019, 13th annual International Technology, Education and Development Conference, Valencia, 11th, 12th and 13th of March, 2019. (pp. 3015-3021).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bachelor students in research projects: boosting WIL and University-Society Collaboration
2019 (English)In: INTED2019 Proceedings / [ed] , L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2019, p. 3015-3021Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Drawing from the experiences of student projects organized and developed in accordance with work integrated learning, this paper contributes to the understanding of conditions necessary for successful implementation and sharing of knowledge in such projects as well as perceived benefits of university society collaboration. A case study was carried out focusing on student research projects on two parallelbusiness administration courses on Bachelor level. Students applied their skills in information literacy searching for and critically interpreting current research as well use of digital tools and social media platforms for data collection in their studies. The projects were initiated and presented by an external organization, which both supported the students in various ways during their work and received the completed results by the end of the courses. Students focused on themes such as the challenges of internal and external organizational communication, digital divides, inter-organizational collaboration,youth perspectives and sustainability. The empirical material of this study was collected from sourcess uch as course syllabi and instructions, observations, student reports and reflections, presentations,meetings, conversations and interviews members of the principal organization. The results show that the students perceived their tasks as stimulating and important due to the interaction and feedback received from the external principal, utilization of their course assignments as well as the opportunity to relate theory to practice. The external organization in turn received reports that may be used for decision-making purposes at a low cost, however what was perceived as most rewarding was the interaction and dialogue with students to get their perspectives on contemporary issues. Furthermore, collaboration with students was also viewed as means for future recruitment. In can thus be concluded that students, if allowed to interact and work with external organizations, play an important part in disseminating both results from and understanding for academic research in society. However, to realize successful student research projects this paper also discusses the need of legitimacy, access to external networks and organizations willing and able to deliver relevant topics for student research as well asstudent support along the way.

Keywords
student project, research projects, work-integrated learning, WIL, ICT, knowledge sharing, university-society collaboration
National Category
Learning
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13814 (URN)978-84-09-08619-1 (ISBN)
Conference
INTED2019, 13th annual International Technology, Education and Development Conference, Valencia, 11th, 12th and 13th of March, 2019.
Available from: 2019-04-30 Created: 2019-04-30 Last updated: 2019-04-30Bibliographically approved
Norström, L., Bernhard, I. & Lundh Snis, U. (2019). Boundaries of Logics in Municipality Communicators' Facebook Practice: Towards a New Public Service Competence. In: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2019: . Paper presented at 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2019 (pp. 3097-3106).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Boundaries of Logics in Municipality Communicators' Facebook Practice: Towards a New Public Service Competence
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2019, 2019, p. 3097-3106Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

With an increased use of external online platforms, digital government logics are gradually intertwined with external, algorithmic, crowd-influenced value logics of social media platforms. This new scene especially affects administration, which can no longer neutrally deliver public service, but becomes involved in processes of consideration and judging what rules and traditions seem most appropriate in the situation.Through deep interviews and workshops with municipal communicators, we examine this balancing act when communicators use social media for external communication. We use a practice perspective to characterize and conceptualize an emerging approach to public service.

Keywords
Public Service, Social Media Platforms, Digital Government, Public Administration, Communicators, Value Logics, Practice Perspective
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13576 (URN)978-0-9981331-2-6 (ISBN)
Conference
52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2019
Available from: 2019-02-21 Created: 2019-02-21 Last updated: 2019-02-21Bibliographically approved
Bernhard, I. & Olsson, A. K. (2019). Network collaboration for local and regional development the case of Swedish women entrepreneurs. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Network collaboration for local and regional development the case of Swedish women entrepreneurs
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to explore women entrepreneurs participation in networks with focus on local community collaboration. In recent years interest in the importance of women entrepreneurship worldwide has increased, especially from the viewpoint of local and regional development. Previous studies show that local competitors coordinated in networks can gain cross sector knowledge sharing and boost the attractiveness of a region. Using case study methodology with 14 qualitative semi-structured in-depth interviews in two phases with business counselors and women entrepreneurs, participatory observations and document studies, this study explores women entrepreneurs in smaller cities and their collaboration in networks with particular reference to a Swedish context. Results state that women entrepreneurs are active and participate in various local community networks and that networks are viewed as valuable assets for business development. Women entrepreneurs strategically choose to join strong networks that have an impact on local community development. Challenges faced by women entrepreneurs are mainly related to the role as entrepreneur and running a business in a smaller city. However, some specific gendered challenges are lack of trust or respect from other business and public actors, especially in contact with authorities. The women entrepreneurs have mixed experiences of local community support hence the main sources for renewal processes and knowledge sharing are co-owners, staff, digital tools, networks partners, families and friends.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InderScience Publishers, 2019
Keywords
network collaboration; women entrepreneurs; local and regional; innovation; tourism; Sweden
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Business administration; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Human and economic geography; Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13813 (URN)
Available from: 2019-04-30 Created: 2019-04-30 Last updated: 2019-04-30Bibliographically approved
Gellerstedt, M., Gellerstedt, V., Bernhard, I., Bernhardsson, L., Lundh Snis, U. & Vallo Hult, H. (2019). Work-Integrated Learning: Impact of Individual and organizational Digitalization on Knowledge management and Expertise Sharing. In: L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres (Ed.), INTED2019 Proceedings: . Paper presented at INTED2019, 13th annual International Technology, Education and Development Conference, Valencia, 11th, 12th and 13th of March, 2019. (pp. 3601-3609).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Work-Integrated Learning: Impact of Individual and organizational Digitalization on Knowledge management and Expertise Sharing
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2019 (English)In: INTED2019 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2019, p. 3601-3609Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The primary aim with this study was to examine the impact of digitalization and the use of ICT for knowledge sharing in an organization. A secondary aim was to further develop knowledge management models to also include collaborative knowledge production and expertise sharing. Based on such a model, we developed a questionnaire answered by 265 respondents. We found that the relationship between using ICT for knowledge sharing was correlated to knowledge sharing also when adjusted for established factors like organisational climate and social norms. We conclude that digitalization, both individually and on an organisational level is an important asset for knowledge management, and that the use of ICT could support knowledge sharing beyond known and established important factors.

Keywords
Knowledge management, digitalization, work-integrated learning
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13816 (URN)978-84-09-08619-1 (ISBN)
Conference
INTED2019, 13th annual International Technology, Education and Development Conference, Valencia, 11th, 12th and 13th of March, 2019.
Available from: 2019-04-30 Created: 2019-04-30 Last updated: 2019-04-30Bibliographically approved
Olsson, A. K., Bernhard, I. & Friedrichs, Y. v. (2018). Approaches to inclusive networking in place development: an illustration from six smaller Scandinavian cities. International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, 8(3), 259-280
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Approaches to inclusive networking in place development: an illustration from six smaller Scandinavian cities
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, ISSN 1753-0660, E-ISSN 1753-0679, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 259-280Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to further explore and deepen research in place development with focus on inclusive networking related to renewal processes in smaller harbour cities in Scandinavia. The results are based on a multiple case study comprising in-depth interviews with driving network actors, document studies and observations from six different harbour cities in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The research questions focus on the characteristics of networks and inclusiveness, knowledge sharing and renewal processes related to networking. This study illustrates different inclusive network approaches for place development. Smaller harbour cities are dynamic places for cross-sector collaboration and networking, although driving network actors struggle with underlying mechanisms related to network characteristics, inclusiveness and governance. Furthermore, findings stress that communication, a sharing culture, transparency and democratic values are vital to enable trust, knowledge sharing and legitimacy for inclusive networking in place development.

Keywords
Inclusive networking, place development, cities, renewal processes, innovation, governance, harbour, stakeholder, knowledge sharing, Scandinavia
National Category
Social and Economic Geography Human Geography
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Human and economic geography; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Business administration; Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13373 (URN)10.1504/IJIRD.2018.097213 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-08 Last updated: 2019-01-08Bibliographically approved
Arvemo, T., Bernhard, I., Lundh Snis, U., Olsson, A. K. & Torsein, E. (2018). Att utveckla Lysekils centrum tillsammans: utmaningar och möjligheter. Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att utveckla Lysekils centrum tillsammans: utmaningar och möjligheter
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2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie designades och analyserades av Högskolan Väst 2016-2017. Undersökningen kompletterar den besökar- och boendestudie som Högskolan Väst tidigare genomförde inom projektet i Lysekil under sensommaren 2016 (se Högskolan Väst Rapport 2 Urban Platsinnovation Besökar- och boendestudie i Lysekil sensommaren 2017). Denna studie genomfördes under tiden 26 maj - 11 augusti 2017 med 363 svarande respondenter, varav 165 var besökare och 198 permanent boende i Lysekil. Syftet med studien var att öka kunskapen om både besökares och boendes uppfattningar om Lysekil. Högskolan Väst har även genomfört en intervjustudie med centrumaktörer i Lysekil under 2017 (se Högskolan Väst Rapport 4 Urban Platsinnovation Att utveckla Lysekils centrum tillsammans - utmaningar och möjligheter). Studierna1 avser även att bidra gränsöverskridande inspiration samt vara ett underlag för planering och utveckling av kommande centrumutvecklande aktiviteter såväl inom som utanför projektets regi.Undersökningen visar att besökare framför allt kommer till Lysekil för att koppla av och är nöjda med sitt besök i Lysekil samt med service och utbud, stadsmiljö och faciliteter. En stor majoritet av besökarna har besökt Lysekil innan och anger att de kommer att besöka Lysekil igen. Av de besökare är det 88% som sannolikt kommer rekommendera andra ett besök i Lysekil. Ungefär hälften av besökarna bor mer än 10 mil från Lysekil.De permanent boende i Lysekil är också nöjda med utbudet av restauranger, kvalitén på både maten och servicen. De boende var också nöjda med servicen i butikerna men ställde sig neutrala till utbudet av butiker. Det största missnöjet bland de permanent boende i Lysekil finns kring parkeringssituationen.Studien är i stort samstämmig med den besökar- och boendeundersökning som genomfördes 2016.Ett stort antal förbättringsförslag ges av respondenterna och finns redovisade i rapporten. Dessa förslag är allt från konkreta till visionära.Det är vår rekommendation att denna rapport ihop med rapporten från undersökningen 2016 (se Högskolan Västs Rapport 2) delges och diskuteras med de aktörer och nätverk som finns i Lysekil i arbetet i att ta fram nya centrumutvecklande aktiviteter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst, 2018. p. 40
Series
Högskolan Väst rapport - Urban platsinnovation ; 4
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Business administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13088 (URN)
Projects
Urban Platsinnovation
Funder
Interreg Sweden-Norway
Available from: 2018-11-05 Created: 2018-11-05 Last updated: 2018-11-06Bibliographically approved
Arvemo, T., Bernhard, I., Lundh Snis, U., Olsson, A. K. & Torsein, E. (2018). Besökar- och boendestudie i Lysekil sommaren 2017. Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Besökar- och boendestudie i Lysekil sommaren 2017
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2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie designades och analyserades av Högskolan Väst 2016-2017. Undersökningen kompletterar den besökar- och boendestudie som Högskolan Väst tidigare genomförde inom projektet i Lysekil under sensommaren 2016 (se Högskolan Väst Rapport 2 Urban Platsinnovation Besökar- och boendestudie i Lysekil sensommaren 2017). Denna studie genomfördes under tiden 26 maj - 11 augusti 2017 med 363 svarande respondenter, varav 165 var besökare och 198 permanent boende i Lysekil. Syftet med studien var att öka kunskapen om både besökares och boendes uppfattningar om Lysekil. Högskolan Väst har även genomfört en intervjustudie med centrumaktörer i Lysekil under 2017 (se Högskolan Väst Rapport 4 Urban Platsinnovation Att utveckla Lysekils centrum tillsammans - utmaningar och möjligheter). Studierna1 avser även att bidra gränsöverskridande inspiration samt vara ett underlag för planering och utveckling av kommande centrumutvecklande aktiviteter såväl inom som utanför projektets regi. Undersökningen visar att besökare framför allt kommer till Lysekil för att koppla av och är nöjda med sitt besök i Lysekil samt med service och utbud, stadsmiljö och faciliteter. En stor majoritet av besökarna har besökt Lysekil innan och anger att de kommer att besöka Lysekil igen. Av de besökare är det 88% som sannolikt kommer rekommendera andra ett besök i Lysekil. Ungefär hälften av besökarna bor mer än 10 mil från Lysekil. De permanent boende i Lysekil är också nöjda med utbudet av restauranger, kvalitén på både maten och servicen. De boende var också nöjda med servicen i butikerna men ställde sig neutrala till utbudet av butiker. Det största missnöjet bland de permanent boende i Lysekil finns kring parkeringssituationen. Studien är i stort samstämmig med den besökar- och boendeundersökning som genomfördes 2016. Ett stort antal förbättringsförslag ges av respondenterna och finns redovisade i rapporten. Dessa förslag är allt från konkreta till visionära. Det är vår rekommendation att denna rapport ihop med rapporten från undersökningen 2016 (se Högskolan Västs Rapport 2) delges och diskuteras med de aktörer och nätverk som finns i Lysekil i arbetet i att ta fram nya centrumutvecklande aktiviteter

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst, 2018. p. 27
Series
Högskolan Väst rapport - Urban Platsinnovation ; 5
Keywords
Centrumutveckling, Lysekils kommun, Högskolan Väst
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Business administration; Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13069 (URN)
Projects
Urban Platsinnovation
Funder
Interreg Sweden-Norway
Available from: 2018-11-05 Created: 2018-11-05 Last updated: 2018-11-07Bibliographically approved
Bernhard, I., Lundh Snis, U., Gellerstedt, M. & Svensson, L. (2018). Collaboration Model for Work-Integrated Learning in Higher Education 3rd Cycle. In: L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres (Ed.), INTED 2018: Proceedings. Paper presented at 12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference 5-7 March, 2018, Valencia, Spain. (pp. 5509-5515). INTED
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collaboration Model for Work-Integrated Learning in Higher Education 3rd Cycle
2018 (English)In: INTED 2018: Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, INTED , 2018, p. 5509-5515Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Universities need to constantly accommodate new forms of collaboration with society. Interaction with and impacts on society and practice are of crucial importance. University West (UW) in Sweden has a profile area in work-integrated learning (WIL), which generally aims to address issues on integrating theory and practice in a coherent and sustainable way. In this paper we base our arguments on a research education (3rd cycle) in informatics with specialization in work-integrated learning. The aim with the paper is to evaluate UW’s research education and research environment from a WIL perspective. We will adopt an informing science model in order to conduct a current state analysis, in which we identify and visualize collaboration activities within and between the research education/environment and the UWs key stakeholders; society/practices, research community and PhD students. Concrete implications show how collaboration and informing flows are connected and how they can be improved. General reflections are given on the model as a useful means for quality development and assurance beyond learning outcomes, including aspects of collaboration and interaction that can be regarded as paths of societal and practical impacts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
INTED, 2018
Keywords
Collaboration Model, Current State analysis, PhD Education, Research, Work-Integrated Learning
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12217 (URN)10.21125/inted.2018.1302 (DOI)978-84-697-9480-7 (ISBN)
Conference
12th International Technology, Education and Development Conference 5-7 March, 2018, Valencia, Spain.
Available from: 2018-03-13 Created: 2018-03-13 Last updated: 2019-10-14Bibliographically approved
Bernhard, I., Lundh Snis, U., Olsson, A. K., Torsein, E. & Arvemo, T. (2018). Conceptualizing University-Society Collaboration: A Literature Review Focusing on Drivers of Collaboration. In: ICERI2018 Proceedings: . Paper presented at ICERI2018 11th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation Seville (Spain). 12th - 14th of November, 2018..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptualizing University-Society Collaboration: A Literature Review Focusing on Drivers of Collaboration
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2018 (English)In: ICERI2018 Proceedings, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Collaboration and learning are vital for development in all sectors of society and there is a constantneed for new ideas, innovation and development. Previous research addresses several approaches for university-society collaboration, e.g. Work-Integrated Learning (WIL), University-Industry Government (Triple-helix), University Community Partnership (UCP), and Public Private Academic Partnership (PPAP). These are all aiming at planning, performing, compiling and leveraging knowledge exchange and co-creating sustainable results. This conceptual paper draws on an initial literature review on how established frameworks and models in the field of university-society collaboration are related to contemporary drivers of collaboration, such as co-creation, trust and relationship building. The aim of the paper is to gain deeper insights in the complex dynamics of collaboration by exploring relevant research literature and to suggest future directions for research in university-society collaboration. Hence, the research questions to be addressed in this paper are: What are the key drivers that underlie the dynamics of university-society collaboration? How can university-society collaboration be approached in order to facilitate co-creating results? The results suggest that the key driver for university-society collaboration is trust. However, there are several underlying triggers and mechanisms facilitating trust. As trust is context and actor dependent and need to be approached in an open and continuous way in order to co-create sustainable results. Emergent drivers of collaboration and universities roles are also discussed.

Keywords
University-society collaboration, work-integrated learning, literature review, co-creation, relationship building, trust
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13182 (URN)978-84-09-05948-5 (ISBN)
Conference
ICERI2018 11th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation Seville (Spain). 12th - 14th of November, 2018.
Available from: 2018-12-05 Created: 2018-12-05 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-2118-2152

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