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Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Bohlin, M. & Widén, S. E. (2016). University teacher and student judgments on misleading behavior in study situations. Trollhättan: Högskolan väst
Open this publication in new window or tab >>University teacher and student judgments on misleading behavior in study situations
2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study deals with teachers' and students' judgments of misleading (e.g. cheating or plagiarism) behaviors during examinations. The data was collected at a university in Sweden using a questionnaire presenting specific behaviors to bejudged. In total, 253 individuals completed the questionnaire. The teachers, incontrast to the students, tended to judge the behaviors presented as more serious. There was, however, plenty of variation in the judgments made by both teachers and students. Although the teachers, on average, tended to judge the behaviors as more serious, about 20% of the students were found to judge the behaviors as more serious than the average teacher. It was also found that about 20 % of the teachers judged the scenarios as less serious compared to the average student judgments. This indicates a lack of agreement among teachers and students on the definition of misleading behavior. Subjective opinions seem to play a more important role for judgment than having actual knowledge about the rules and regulations stating what misleading behaviors really are inacademic work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: Högskolan väst, 2016. p. 26
Series
Rapport Högskolan Väst ; 2016:4
Keywords
Misleading behavior, Cheating, Plagiarism, University students, University teachers
National Category
Pedagogical Work Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Educational science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9362 (URN)
Available from: 2016-06-08 Created: 2016-06-08 Last updated: 2016-11-22
Widén, S. E., Bohlin, M. & Johansson, I. (2011). Gender perspectives in psychometrics related to leisure time noise exposure and use of hearing protection. Noise and Health, 13(55), 407-414
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender perspectives in psychometrics related to leisure time noise exposure and use of hearing protection
2011 (English)In: Noise and Health, ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 13, no 55, p. 407-414Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present study was to investigate possible gender differences regarding psychometric scales measuring risk perception in noisy situations, attitudes towards loud music, perceived susceptibility to noise, and individual norms and ideals related to activities where loud music is played. In addition the purpose was to analyze whether these variables are associated with protective behavior such as the use of hearing protection. A questionnaire was administered to a Swedish sample including 543 adolescents aged 16 to 20. The result revealed significant gender differences for all the psychometric scales. In addition, all psychometric measures were associated with hearing protection use in musical settings. Contrary to previous studies, gender did not contribute to any explanation of protective behavior by itself in the analysis. One conclusion is that although gender does not contribute by itself for the explanation of protective behavior, gender may affect psychological variables such as risk perception, attitudes and perceived susceptibility and that these variables may in turn be valuable for decision-making and protective behavior in noisy situations. Although women tend to be more ′careful′ psychologically, they nevertheless tend to behave in the same way as men as regards actual noise-related risk taking.

Keywords
Attitudes, Gender, Music, Noise, Protective behavior, Risk-taking behavior
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-3968 (URN)10.4103/1463-1741.90299 (DOI)14631741 (ISSN) (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-01-09 Created: 2012-01-09 Last updated: 2018-01-19Bibliographically approved
Bohlin, M., Sorbring, E., Widen, S. E. & Erlandsson, S. (2011). Risks and music - Patterns among young women and men in Sweden. Noise & Health, 13(53), 310-319
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risks and music - Patterns among young women and men in Sweden
2011 (English)In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 13, no 53, p. 310-319Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Music and high levels of sound have not traditionally been associated with risk-taking behaviors. Loud music may intensify and bring more power and meaning to the musical experience, but it can at the same time be harmful to hearing. The present study aims to increase the knowledge about young women′s and men′s risk judgement and behaviour by investigating patterns in adolescent risk activities among 310 adolescents aged 15-20 (143 women; 167 men). The Australian instrument ARQ was used with additional questions on hearing risks and a factor analysis was conducted. The main results showed that the factor structure in the judgement and behavior scale for Swedish adolescents was rather different from the factor structure in the Australian sample. Also, the factor structure was not similar to the Australian sample split on gender. The results are discussed from a gender- and existential perspective on risk taking, and it is emphasized that research on risk behavior needs to reconceptualize stereotypical ideas about gender and the existential period in adolescence.

Keywords
Adolescents, existentialism, gender, music, noise, risk-taking behavior
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-3553 (URN)10.4103/1463-1741.82964 (DOI)14631741 (ISSN) (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-08-29 Created: 2011-08-29 Last updated: 2019-03-12Bibliographically approved
Widen, S. E., Holmes, A. E., Johnson, T., Bohlin, M. & Erlandsson, S. I. (2009). Hearing, use of hearing protection, and attitudes towards noise among young American adults. International Journal of Audiology, 48(8), 537-545
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hearing, use of hearing protection, and attitudes towards noise among young American adults
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2009 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, Vol. 48, no 8, p. 537-545Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present study was to investigate possible associations between college students' attitudes, risk-taking behaviour related to noisy activities, and hearing problems such as threshold shifts or self-experienced hearing symptoms. The sample included 258 students aged between 17 and 21 enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania, USA. A questionnaire measuring attitudes towards noise, use of hearing protection, and self-reported hearing symptoms was distributed among the students. After completing the questionnaire a hearing screening, including pure-tone audiometry and tympanometry, was conducted. The result revealed that 26% had thresholds poorer than the screening level of 20 dBHL. Attitudes were significantly related to self-experienced hearing symptoms, but not to threshold shifts. Attitudes and noise sensitivity was, significantly related to use of hearing protection. Hearing protection use was found in activities such as using firearms, mowing lawns, and when using noisy tools but was less reported for concerts and discotheques. It can be concluded that the young adults in this study expose themselves to hearing risks, since the use of hearing protection is in general very low. © 2009 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved.

National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-1693 (URN)10.1080/14992020902894541 (DOI)1499-2027 (ISBN)
Projects
Attitudes, Hearing protection, Hearing screening, Hearing symptoms, Noise, Young adults
Available from: 2009-09-28 Created: 2009-09-25 Last updated: 2019-03-12Bibliographically approved
Erlandsson, S., Holmes, A., Widén, S. E. & Bohlin, M. (2008). Cultural and social perspectives on attitudes, noise, and risk behavior in children and young adults. Seminars in Hearing, 29(1), 29-41
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cultural and social perspectives on attitudes, noise, and risk behavior in children and young adults
2008 (English)In: Seminars in Hearing, ISSN 0734-0451, E-ISSN 1098-8955, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 29-41Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Thieme, 2008
Keywords
Adolescence, Attitudes, Hearing-related symptoms, Noise exposure, Socioeconomic status
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-1549 (URN)10.1055/s-2007-1021770 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-05-14 Created: 2009-05-14 Last updated: 2019-03-12Bibliographically approved
Bohlin, M. & Widén, S. E. (2008). Risktagande: Hot eller utveckling?. In: Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag (pp. 93-107). Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risktagande: Hot eller utveckling?
2008 (Swedish)In: Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2008, p. 93-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst, 2008
Keywords
Tonåringar, ungdomar, uppväxtmiljöer
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-1703 (URN)978-91-977943-0-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-09-29 Created: 2009-09-29 Last updated: 2016-11-22Bibliographically approved
Widén, S. E. (2008). Ungdomars attityder till hög musik och risk för hörselskador. Barnbladet : tidskrift för Sveriges barnsjuksköterskor, 33(5), 11-13
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ungdomars attityder till hög musik och risk för hörselskador
2008 (Swedish)In: Barnbladet : tidskrift för Sveriges barnsjuksköterskor, ISSN 0349-1994, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 11-13Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Riksföreningen för barnsjuksköterskor, 2008
Keywords
hörselnedsättning ; riskbeteende ; ungdomar ; attityder ; hörselskador ; musik
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-2090 (URN)
Available from: 2009-12-30 Created: 2009-12-30 Last updated: 2016-11-22Bibliographically approved
Widén, S. E. & Bohlin, M. (2007). Fusk och plagiat vid högskolan. Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fusk och plagiat vid högskolan
2007 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna rapport genomfördes inom ramen för högskolepedagogisk utbildning. Studien syftade till att undersöka studenters och lärares bedömning av fusk/plagiat och sätta detta i relation till tentamensformer. Ytterligare ett syfte var att beskriva studenters och lärares åsikter om vad som är fusk och vad eventuella skillnader mellan lärares och studenters åsikter kan bero på. Studien genomfördes som en enkätstudie bland lärare och studenter. Deltagarna ombads att bedöma sex olika vinjetter ifråga om grad av fusk samt om personen i vinjetten handlade omoraliskt eller moraliskt riktigt. Resultatet visade att examinationsformer som ur pedagogisk synvinkel underlättar eget reflekterande och lärande också är de former där studenterna anser att det är lättast att fuska. Både lärare och studenter bedömde fuskvinjetterna relativt likartat, däremot skiljde de sig något ifråga om den moraliska bedömningen av vinjetterna, där lärare ansåg att vissa beteenden var mer omoraliska jämfört med studenterna. Det fanns en osäkerhet både bland studenter och lärare ifråga om var gränsen för fusk och plagiat går. En del lärare ansåg att det var svårt att bedöma något som fusk såvida inte hänsyn togs till eventuella förklaringar och förmildrande omständigheter kring enskilda fall. Om det råder en stor osäkerhet om vad som är fusk, finns det en risk att definitionen av fusk landar i enskilda personers moraliska uppfattningar som inte nödvändigtvis baseras på kunskaper om rådande regler.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst, 2007. p. 26
Series
Research reports / University West, ISSN 1653-459X ; 2007:04
Keywords
Fusk, plagiat, moral, etik
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Pedagogics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-18 (URN)
Available from: 2009-03-05 Created: 2009-03-03 Last updated: 2016-11-22Bibliographically approved
Holmes, A. E., Wideén, S. E. E., Erlandsson, S., Carver, C. L. & White, L. L. (2007). Perceived hearing status and attitudes toward noise in young adults. American Journal of Audiology, 16(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceived hearing status and attitudes toward noise in young adults
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2007 (English)In: American Journal of Audiology, Vol. 16, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To estimate the prevalence of perceived hearing loss, tinnitus, and temporary threshold shift (TTS) in community college students and to see whether those students' attitudes toward noise affected their perception of their own possible hearing loss, tinnitus, and TTS. Method: Young adults (N = 245; age 18-27) completed 3 questionnaires: the Hearing Symptom Description, Youth Attitude to Noise Scale, and Adolescents' Habits and Hearing Protection Use. Results: Perceived TTS and pain associated with loud noise were the most common hearing related factors, followed by perceived tinnitus and hearing loss. The students' attitudes toward noise in their daily environment showed the most negative response, whereas attitudes toward noise and concentration indicated a more positive, or less harmful, response. Chi-square analysis indicated a significant correlation between perceived hearing loss and respondents' overall attitudes toward noise exposure. Hearing protection use was limited for all participants, with the majority reporting never having used hearing protection. Conclusion: Approximately 6% of respondents reported perceived hearing loss, and 13.5% reported prolonged tinnitus. In general, participants had neutral attitudes toward noise. Over 20% of participants reported ear pain, tinnitus, and/or TTS after noise exposure at least sometimes. Coincidentally, few participants reported consistent use of hearing protection. © American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

Keywords
Attitudes toward noise, Hearing protection, Noise, Tinnitus, adult, article, chi square test, correlation analysis, female, hearing loss, human, major clinical study, male, noise, questionnaire, tinnitus, Adolescent, Adult, Attitude, Female, Hearing, Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced, Humans, Male, Questionnaires
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Social science, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-1810 (URN)10.1044/1059-0889(2007/022) (DOI)10590889 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-10-12 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2019-03-12Bibliographically approved
Widén, S. E. & Erlandsson, S. (2007). Risk perception in musical settings: a qualitative study. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being, 2(1), 33-44
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk perception in musical settings: a qualitative study
2007 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being, ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 33-44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2007
Keywords
Grounded theory; young adults and adolescents; risk taking behaviour; musical settings; self-image; hearing; social norms and ideals
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-102 (URN)10.1080/17482620601121169 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-04-02 Created: 2009-04-02 Last updated: 2019-03-12Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1436-2355

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